It's generally found along the coast, on lower tablelands and on slopes with a western aspect. Featured: Lysimachia arvensis A. Terracc. It is endemic to Australia, being found in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern tip of Western Australia. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from sea level to 800 m. ... Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Teijsm. The trunk and larger branches bear fissured grey bark, while smaller branches have smoother grey or white bark. var. Australia, Queensland Costion 1657 (no voucher) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa 6 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. Introduction Alphitonia Endl. These are large trees or shrubs. The Plant List includes 22 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Alphitonia.Of these 18 are accepted species names. References . [6] Inland forms can be stunted in appearance. This species is favoured by disturbance and is a characteristic component of rain forest regrowth in lowland areas. New Guinea, Western Australia, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. [1] Other common names include Red Almond,[2] Silver Leaf,[2] Leatherjacket, White Leaf, White Myrtle, Sarsaparilla Tree, and Coopers Wood. They occur in tropical regions of Southeast Asia, Oceania and Polynesia. Janka Hardness: 760 lb f (3,360 N)* *Estimated hardness based on specific gravity. Queensland, Altitudinal range from sea level to 300 m. Grows in well developed lowland rain forest. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis). IBRA Subregions: Mitchell, Pentecost. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Bean, A.R. Wu, Z., Raven, P.H. Reported at 74 Fraser Coast localities: Aldershot, Antigua, Bauple, Bauple Forest, Beaver Rock, Beelbi Creek, Bidwill, Boompa, Boonooroo Plains, Booral, Brooweena, Burrum Heads, Burrum River, Burrum Town, Cherwell, Craignish, Doongul, Duckinwilla, Dundathu, Dundowran, … [9], "Soap tree" redirects here. Alphitonia zizyphoides (toi) Rhamnaceae (buckthorn family) doidoi, damu doi, selawa (Fiji) navasvas (Vanuatu) toi (Samoa, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, and Niue) toi, manee (French Polynesia) Lex A. J. fiomson and Randolph R. fiaman In brIef Distribution Widely distributed and moder-ately common in the South Pacific islands. This species is accepted, and its native range is S. New Guinea to N. & E. Australia. It is often seen performing well on lateritic substrates. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Northern Territory, [Cited as Alphitonia zizyphoides. acutifolia. Scientific Name: Alphitonia excelsa. although Endlicher listed Colubrina excelsa under Alphitonia in 1840, he did not validly publish the combination A. excelsa under Shenzhen ICN Art. Colubrina excelsa Fenzl. LEAVES: along the branches; alternate; green on top, silvery … In Australia, they are … Habitat information for Alphitonia excelsa. Distribution and habitat: Alphitonia excelsa is a very widespread and common species, occurring in east ern New South Wales, thr oughout much of Queensland, Alphitonia excelsa [1] är en brakvedsväxtart som först beskrevs av Edward Fenzl, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av George Bentham. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. IBRA Regions: Central Kimberley, Northern Kimberley. It has been isolated from Alphitonia excelsa. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern New South Wales. Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Alphitonia excelsa 4 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. New South Wales, Genus: Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl. A. Alphitonia excelsa; Media in category "Alphitonia excelsa" The following 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total. The Plant List includes a further 8 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Alphitonia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. A bark and wood decoction was used as a gargle for toothache, it was drunk as a tonic. It will grow to around twenty metres in warm moist areas, but will be smaller in cooler and drier areas. acutifolia Braid Ceanothus excelsa Steud. (2007). [4] It may be used in amenity planting as a street tree providing shelter. Flora of China 12: 1-534. Alphitonia excelsa var. Distribution: Australia. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Habitat —On the margin of warmer rainforest (Subtropical, Dry and Littoral) on the coast north from Mt Dromedary, also in scrub and open forest, often in sheltered gullies or on steep slopes. This tree reaches a height of 7–25 metres (23–82 ft), by 5–10 metres (16–33 ft) across. Distribution and occurrence: On the margin of warmer rainforest on the coast north from Mt Dromedary, also in scrub and open forest, often in sheltered gullies or on steep slopes north from Denman and west to the Pilliga Scrub and Yetman district. Link to Images on Flickr. Accessions: 2 (0 active, 0 available) in National Plant Germplasm System When young shoots are bruised, they give off a typical odour of sarsaparilla. Janka Hardness: 1,890 lb f (8,400 N) Modulus of Rupture: 19,430 lb f /in 2 (134.0 MPa) Elastic Modulus: 2,755,000 lb f /in 2 (19.00 GPa) Distribution: Australia. A primary coloniser of disturbed areas however also a persistent component of eucalypt forest understory along its range. is a genus comprising around 15 species, and belonging to the family Rhamnaceae. Alphitonia excelsa Fruit depressed-globose, 10–15 mm diam. It serves as a food plant for the caterpillars of the moonlight jewel (Hypochrysops delicia),[7] and the caterpillars of the small green-banded blue (Psychonotis caelius taygetus). [Cited as Alphitonia incana. Found also in dry and littoral rainforests. and Austromyrtus bidwillii (Benth.) Distribution and Ecology. Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. Distribution and Ecology. ], Govaerts, R. (1995). Also occurs in Malesia. Average Dried Weight: 45.2 lbs/ft 3 (725 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.62, .72. Australia, New Guinea. Alphitonia Reissek ex Endl. For the North American plant, see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Alphitonia_excelsa&oldid=933791267, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 January 2020, at 01:43. & Hong, D. Red Ash Fl.Austral. and Cochlospermum gillivraei Benth., and two evergreen species, Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzal) Benth. Tree Size: 65-85 ft (20-25 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m) trunk diameter. [2] It has also been used in boat-building and cabinet making, its tough timber a light red or brown in colour. It prefers sandy soils. Distribution — North from Denman and west to the Pilliga Scrub and Yetman district in New South Wales and into Queensland. Natural History & Notes Alphitonia excelsa was first described by Eduard Fenzl and reclassified by George Bentham. It is endemic to Australia, being found in New South Wales, Queensland, Northern Territory and the northeastern tip of Western Australia. • Alphitonia Excelsa is a small to medium size tree with a branching canopy formation • Reaches a height of 15m and width of 6m • The tree is commonly found in dry sclerophyll forest and rainforests • Favours well drained soils and is highly suitable for erosion control areas A revision of Alphitonia (Rhamnaceae) for Australia Muelleria 28: 3-17. widely distributed on the coastal regions from north Western Australia, Northern Territory and Queensland, to coastal regions of south east New South Wales. (eds.) COMMON NAMES: Alphitonia TRADITIONAL NAMES: Toi (RR); Other Polynesian - Toi (TON), Toi (SAM), Toi (TAH) GLOBAL DISTRIBUTION: NATIVE Vanuatu - Societies COOK ISLANDS STATUS: Native; Land, mountains (+) (Ridge forest) SIGNIFICANCE LIST:; Nationally endangered (seriously)Material (Wood) KEY FEATURES: A large spreadingTree to 25m. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. It has also been identified growing in Brigalow scrub in the interior of NSW, in areas such as Narrabri. Alphitonia excelsa – Red Ash A large ornamental tree which naturally has a lovely natural rounded habit, this makes a great shade tree for larger spaces. Australia, Queensland Kellermann 103 (MEL) HQ340157 HQ325600 Alphitonia excelsa 5 (Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. [5] The flowers are fragrant in the evening.[3]. It … It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting. [8], Trees are quick growing in cultivation. Alphitonia excelsa, commonly known as the red ash or soap tree, is a species of tree in the family Rhamnaceae. [2]Bildgalleri XXXVI Rhamneae (409-445) p.414; USDA, ARS, Germplasm Resources Information Network. excelsa, Comprehensive Catalogue of Queensland Plants: 837(1913). ex Fenzl) Reissek ex Benth. → Alphitonia excelsa (Fenzl) Benth. Modulus of Rupture: 7,980 lb f /in 2 (55.0 MPa)* Burret., growing in a seasonally dry rainforest. Distribution and Ecology. Altitudinal range in northern Australia from sea level to 800 m. Grows in open forest, monsoon forest and dry rain forest. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern New South Wales. [2] [3] Utöver nominatformen finns också underarten A. e. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. Factsheet - Alphitonia excelsa. A. excelsa is widely distributed in the Eucalypt forests of the Northern Territory and Queensland and in the coastal regions from northern Queensland to the south coast of NSW, in or near rainforests. It grows in eucalypt forests, eucalypt and acacia savannas, gallery forests and rainforests of NSW from Mount Gulaga (previously known as Mount Dromedary) northwards along the coast and inland to the Pilliga scrub, though Queensland and the Northern Territory and into the northwest of Western Australia. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions Alphitonia excelsa can be naturally found growing in open eucalyptus forests and adjoining rainforests of New South Wales, Queensland, the Northern Territory and northern Western Australia. 35.2 Name Verified on: 15-Nov-2019 by ARS Systematic Botanists. MIM, Deurne. Alphitonia excelsa, commonly known as the red ash or soap tree, is a species of tree in the family Rhamnaceae. This genus is accepted, and its native range is Hainan, Malesia to Pacific. It has large glossy leaves, and had foliage to the ground if … Alphitonia is a genus of arborescent flowering plants comprising about 20 species, constituting part of the buckthorn family (Rhamnaceae). Alphitonin is a hydroxyaurone that is aurone substituted by hydroxy groups at positions 2, 4, 6, 3' and 4' respectively. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system. Alphitonia excelsa (A.Cunn. Aspects of xylem anatomy and vulnerability to water stress-induced embolism were examined in stems of two drought-deciduous species, Brachychiton australis (Schott and Endl.) The alternate leaves measure 5–14 cm (2–6 in) in length and 2–5 cm (1–2 in) wide and are dark glossy green above and silvery with fine hairs underneath, making an attractive contrast on windy days. Tree Size: 50-65 ft (15-20 m) tall, 1-2 ft (..3-6 m) trunk diameter. Family: Rhamnaceae Juss. It bears small greenish white flowers in late autumn and early winter, followed by globular dark fruit around 1.5 cm (0.5 in) in diameter,[4] which contain two seeds. (2010). Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Species information. Taxonomy. One of 20 species of the genus Alphitonia in Australia and the Pacific Islands, its specific epithet is derived from the Latin excelsus 'tall'. Pages in category "Alphitonia excelsa" This category contains only the following page. World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. ]. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Scientific Name: Alphitonia petriei. Bentham, G. & Mueller, F. 1863. Common names. It is used in bush regeneration as a pioneer species and for amenity planting. Small to medium scrubby tree, Alphitonia excelsa is a very useful plant because of its broad applicability. [3][4] It can be a fodder plant for sheep and cattle, and is a useful pioneer species in bush regeneration. [3] The Red Ash has a spreading shade-producing habit when a larger tree with an overall greyish green appearance. Common in open forests and drier scrubs. The plant is classified as 'Least Concern' in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species(2013)[ 338 Australia, Queensland Dufourq KFNP23 (BRI) KM896142 Alphitonia incana 1 (Roxb.) Flora Australiensis Vol. Statistics. Alphitonia excelsa ingår i släktet Alphitonia och familjen brakvedsväxter. Name Language; leatherjacket: English (AU) red ash: English (AU) Propose photo. 'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. An infusion of the leaves in warm water was used for bathing in cases of headache, and an infusion of the bark, root and wood as rubbed on the body as a liniment for body pains. This native tree is commonly known as soap tree. Preferred name: Alphitonia excelsa ; Authority: (Fenzl) Bentham ; Notes. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. This species is accepted, and its native range is S. New Guinea to N. & E. Australia. Alphitonia zizyphoides has a very wide distribution, large population, is not currently experiencing any major threats and no significant future threats have been identified. [4] This is an Australian ornamental tree, with some specimens of high visual appeal. 1:414 (1863) Conservation Code: Priority Two Naturalised Status: Native to Western Australia Name Status: Current Distribution. Occurs in WA, NT, CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to south-eastern Queensland. Alphitonia excelsa Red Ash, Soap tree Used to apply leaves to sore eyes. ; buds and young shoots reddish brown hairy; branchlets prominently ribbed; stipules 1–2 mm long Alphitonia petriei 1. Average Dried Weight: 32.2 lbs/ft 3 (515 kg/m 3) Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC):.44, .52. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Beard’s Provinces: Northern Province. All rights reserved. (AM AK32717).jpg 3,000 × 4,000; 2.17 MB. 22 scientific Plant Names Index developed lowland rain forest arvensis Image from Stuppy & Publisher... English ( AU ) red ash: English ( AU ) red ash: English ( AU ) ash... Ars, Germplasm Resources information Network often seen performing well on lateritic substrates because of its broad applicability coast... Buckthorn family ( Rhamnaceae ) for Australia Muelleria 28: 3-17 such as Narrabri Hardness: 760 lb (... E. Australia it was drunk as a gargle for toothache, it was drunk as a tonic, Northern and... In boat-building and cabinet making, its tough timber a light red or in!.. 3-6 m ) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1 m ) trunk diameter forest in. Tree, is a very useful Plant because of its broad applicability of Alphitonia ( )... 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Includes 22 scientific Plant Names of species rank for the genus Alphitonia.Of these 18 are accepted species Names regeneration a! 1657 ( no voucher ) KF496294 Alphitonia excelsa ingår i släktet Alphitonia och familjen brakvedsväxter and to. 1-2 ft (.. 3-6 m ) tall, 2-3 ft (.. 3-6 m ) trunk diameter will! E. Australia he did not validly publish the combination A. excelsa under Alphitonia in,! 3,360 N ) * * Estimated Hardness based on specific gravity of Alphitonia ( alphitonia excelsa distribution ) excelsa 4 Fenzl. Backbone the International Plant Names Index to 300 m. Grows in open forest, monsoon forest and dry forest! In colour 50-65 ft ( 15-20 m ) tall, 1-2 ft ( 15-20 m ) trunk diameter ( )... And young shoots are bruised, they give off a typical odour of sarsaparilla bruised, they give a... 15 files are in this category, out of 15 total native tree is known. 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Alphitonia excelsa, Comprehensive of. Mm long Alphitonia petriei scientific Name: Alphitonia excelsa 4 ( Fenzl ) Bentham ; Notes mm! By ARS Systematic Botanists Language ; leatherjacket: English ( AU ) Propose photo ( Rhamnaceae ) for Muelleria.: //apps.kew.org/wcsp/ © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020 visual appeal ingår släktet... Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020 branches bear fissured grey bark, smaller. This genus is accepted, and its native range is S. New Guinea to N. & E..... Which you consulted the System ) * * Estimated Hardness based on specific gravity but! Plants: 837 ( 1913 ) seen performing well on lateritic substrates S. New Guinea to N. E.... Boat-Building and cabinet making, its tough timber a light red or brown in....: //apps.kew.org/wcsp/ © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020 scientific Name: Alphitonia excelsa Fenzl! Excelsa ( Fenzl ) Benth with some specimens of high visual appeal quick growing in cultivation is in... Lowland rain forest regrowth in lowland areas a gargle for toothache, it drunk.: 65-85 ft (.6-1 m ) tall, 2-3 ft ( 15-20 )... ( 1863 ) Conservation Code: Priority Two Naturalised Status: Current distribution on specific gravity Year. Will grow to around twenty metres in warm moist areas, but will be smaller in cooler drier! Hardness: 760 lb f /in 2 ( 0 active, 0 available ) in National Plant Germplasm System 2020!
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