Plant biodiversity serves as a primary source of food, shelter and agriculture and includes varied types of trees, shrubs, grasses, herbs, bushes, ferns, vines and moss. They and the habitats in which they live represent the world's biological diversity, or biodiversity as it is often called. Biodiversity is crucial to a planet's survival because as a result of it people have food, construction material, raw material for industry, and medicine, as well as the basis for all improvements to domesticated plants and animals. For example, a 4 X 4 meter square area in a carrot patch has 300 carrot plants, all the same species. Discovering, identifying and understanding the various relationships between all the living organisms on the planet Earth are some of the greatest challenges in science. We are intertwined in a big natural system, and each element supports and enables all of us to thrive. While Earth’s biodiversity is so rich that many species have yet to be discovered, many species are being threatened with extinction due to human activities, putting the Earth’s magnificent biodiversity at risk. These plants include bushes, grasses, herbs, shrubs, trees, vines, ferns, and mosses. Currently, there are only a few crop species which provide us with food and essential energy requirements for the total human population all around the world. Environmental conditions play a key role in defining the function and distribution of plants, in combination with other factors. Native plants, animals and biodiversity. Only a small fraction of the immense diversity of plant metabolism has been explored for the production of new medicines and other products important to human well-being. Plant life balances ecosystems, protects watersheds, mitigates erosion, moderates climate, and provides shelter for many animal species. The study of the spatial distribution of organisms, species and ecosystems, is the science of biogeography. Our postgraduate degree programme is run jointly with the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Directly it reduces plant biodiversity throughout the destruction of natural habitats. Biodiversity and classification; History of Life on Earth; Exam Revision; Grade 11. Climate change is any significant long term change in the expected pattern, whether due to natural variability or as a result of human activity. A common measure of this variety, called species richness, is the count of species in an area. There is a great variation in the biodiversity, resulting from human and ecosystem interaction for certain food and development for the survival of the human population, regardless of the pests, climate fluctuations, diseases, droughts and other unexpected environmental events. Cnr. Plants define the habitat of a site, providing structure, shelter and food as well as contributing to the overall biodiversity. Plant Diversity and Reproduction Sian Ferguson. In this live Grade 11 Life Sciences show we take a look at the Biodiversity of Plants. Authors Vincenzo De Luca 1 , Vonny Salim, Sayaka Masada Atsumi, Fang Yu. Biodiversity and plant decomposition should be factored into climate models, study finds. As per the requirement on this moderately small number of crops for global food security, it will be essential to maintain a continuity of these plants species along with the increasing environmental stress and to provide opportunities for the farmers to breed more amount of crops that can be cultivated under unfavourable conditions such as poor soil, salinity, drought, flooding, and extreme temperatures. Biodiversity generally refers to diversity or variability of living organisms present on this planet earth and other species which have driven to extinction millions of years ago. Overall, the biodiversity on land tend to be the richest in the tropical region and greater near the equator, and it is mainly because of the warm climate and high primary productivity. There are currently no resources in this topic. As we all know, the term Biodiversity refers to the measure of the variety of living species existing in different ecosystems and this may either refer to the ecosystem variation, or the genetic variation or the species variation within a region, biome or the planet. These plants … Biodiversity influences climate at local, regional, and global scales, thus changes in land use and land cover that affect biodiversity can affect climate. On a much smaller scale, we study mainly about the different species within a pond or a neighbourhood garden. About thousands of plant crop species have been identified, developed, used and relied on for the purpose of food and agricultural production in human history. Biodiversity of plants Vivek Kumar. Find out more here. It includes organisms from Earth’s vastly different ecosystems, including deserts, rainforests, coral reefs, grasslands, tundra, and polar ice caps. Yet, its management has been terrible. Your email. Required fields are marked *. The availability of inexpensive high-throughput sequencing is rapidly expanding the number of species that can be investigated for the speedy discovery of previously unknown enzymes and pathways. 2012 Jun 29;336(6089):1658-61. doi: 10.1126/science.1217410. However, overexploitation, deforestation, use of chemical fertilisers and clearing forests for agriculture are some of the persistent threats to this biodiversity. 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Threatened plants Many factors, both natural and man-made, have been responsible for extinction of species. Biodiversity is also closely linked to culture, especially for Indigenous people. Biodiversity refers to all the different kinds of living organisms within a given area.Biodiversity includes plants, animals, fungi, and other living things. Your email address will not be published. They include flowering plants (trees, shrubs, grasses and herbaceous plants), as well as the gymnosperms (which include conifers), ferns and related species, and also the bryophytes (mosses and liverworts). In this lesson we look at how plants are classified, define alternation of generations, summarise the main characteristics of four groupings of plants and finally we look at the ecological importance of the four groups of plants. But what we need specifically is biodiversity. The term biodiversity was coined by Walter G. Rosen in the year 1986. Therefore, in biodiversity, every single living species has an equally important role in the ecosystem. While plant diversity is well represented in rural areas, development pressures have reduced the amount of greenspace in urban and peri-urban areas, resulting in a poorer diversity o… Threats to plant diversity, however, come from many angles. DEFINITION OF BIODIVERSITY • The variability among living organisms from all sources including, among other things, terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are a part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems. Therefore, the conservation of biodiversity of both plants and animals is the need of the hour. This open access volume links remote sensing to physiological, ecological and evolutionary knowledge of plant biodiversity, and summarizes the importance to humanity of meeting the technological and methodological challenges in monitoring the Earth's biodiversity. The ways in which fires affect biodiversity are considered using examples from the semi-arid mallee, the cold Tablelands of Tasmania, the woodlands of the Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and coastal heathlands of mainland southeastern Australia. The term Biodiversity is also referred to as the Biological diversity which mainly denotes the total number of different living species, living within a particular region including the microbes, plants, animals, and ecosystems such as coral reefs, forests, rainforests, deserts etc. Biodiversity is not evenly distributed, rather it varies greatly across the globe as well as within regions. Fire may allow these species to germinate and appear above ground. There have been a lot of animals that have gone extinct over the past few years and this is a matter of great sorrow. Indirectly it decreases biodiversity due to the techniques used in deforestation that emit carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, adding to global warming. Kinds of Biodiversity These crops include rice, wheat, maize, cereals, pulses, etc. The number of animals living on the Earth has plunged by half since 1970. Biodiversity is the amount of variety of life on Earth. Learn more. Humans rely on biodiversity to survive. What is biodiversity and why does it matter to us? In this live Grade 11 Life Sciences show we take a look at the Biodiversity of Plants. It has a very low biodiversity … The important components of biodiversity include plant functional diversity and the type and distribution of habitats across landscapes. Mining the biodiversity of plants: a revolution in the making Science. Biodiversity powerpoint darrylw. Changes in long term environmental conditions that can be collectively coined climate change are known to have had enormous impacts on current plant diversity patterns; further impacts are expected in the future. It is predict Research areas include, conservation, sustainability and plant geography. Biodiversity and classification of micro-organisms. A simple biodiversity index is calculated as follows: number of species in the area ÷ total number of individuals in the area = biodiversity index. Similar to the plants, the biodiversity of animals is vast and there are several animal species which have been trained, domesticated and used for the food production, for the agriculture and are the primary biological capital for livestock development. Through the process of photosynthesis, plants provide us with the oxygen which we breathe and the sugars that provide the primary fuel for life. January 2015; DOI: 10.1007/978-81-322-2286-6_6. We determine the role of plant diversity in controlling herbivore impacts on plant communities using a quantitative food web approach to examine multitrophic arthropod data collected across 2 years from analogous grassland biodiversity experiments conducted on two continents, Europe and North America ().We constructed 487 functional group-level food webs (fig. Study MSc in Biodiversity & Taxonomy of Plants at the University of Edinburgh. It is the number of different species of plants, animals, and microorganisms. biodiversity of plants and its impact on environment 3. The number of tigers has plunged by 97% in the last century. Biodiversity can include everything from towering redwood trees to tiny, single-cell algae that are impossible to see without a microscope. More than 10 million different species of animals, plants, fungi and micro-organisms inhabit the Earth. In this lesson we look at how plants are classified, define alternation of generations, summarise the main characteristics of four groupings of plants and finally we look at the ecological importance of the four groups of plants. It is well known that several plant species have become extinct due to certain natural phenomena, such as land upheavals, volcanic eruptions, glaciations, protracted periods of drought, spread of desert lands, forest fires and eutrophication in the geological past. This functionality is only active if you sign-in with your Google account. Biodiversity in Plants. Humans use at least 40,000 species of plants and animals on a daily basis for food, shelter, clothing and medicinal needs. PPT OF BIODIVERSITY Tusharkanti Nayak. Stay tuned with BYJU’S to learn more about the Biodiversity and its importance. This plays a vital role in food safety and also in maintaining rural development. I would like to subscribe to Science X Newsletter. Biodiversity encompasses the genetic variety within each species and the variety of … Biodiversity of plants ensures a resource for new food crops and medicines. Biodiversity can be studied at many levels. In … Biodiversity, the variety of life found in a place on Earth or, often, the total variety of life on Earth. Plant biodiversity and health 2010 programme Francisco Perez. This region is the most biologically diverse in the state, home to half of South Australia’s species of native plants and three-quarters of its native bird species. Biodiversity refers to the variety of living species on Earth, including plants, animals, bacteria, and fungi. BIODIVERSITY The concept of biodiversity has provoked considerable debate and misunderstanding among the general public, decision-makers, and even the scientific community. ... plants, animals, fungi, and microorganisms. In the mallee, many plant species lie hidden in the soil as propagules - rather than being apparent as mature plants. It occurs within a species as well as between species. Your email address will not be published. Plant Biodiversity. Among other factors, the diversity of all living things (biota) depends on temperature, precipitation, altitude, soils, geography and the presence of other species. About thousands of plant crop species have been identified, developed, used and relied on for the purpose of food and agricultural production in human history. The Hills and Fleurieu contain a diversity of native plants and animals. The diversity of plants on the planet earth is an important resource for food, shelter, and agriculture. It is easy to see why humans need nature: we need fresh water, clean air, and plants and animals for food. Dover Road and Pretoria Avenue, Randburg, South Africa. Your friend's email. The diversity of plants on the planet earth is an important resource for food, shelter, and agriculture. 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