States With The Best College Completion … Would this be correct? Sure? The reason is "direct address." So I called a friend who had a lot more gardening experience than I did. "Lily made Panna Cotta, an Italian dessert", Yep, looks fine -- just make sure to add a period at the end :-). We use commas to show that we are talking to the reader, not about the reader. My friend John, who is a better painter than me, can do the walls for … If it’s at the end, you put the comma in front. When the name appears somewhere inside the sentence, you must place a comma before and after the name. So I called my friend Jane, who had a lot more gardening experience than I did. However, if a comma does precede Sr. or Jr., another comma must follow the entire name when it appears midsentence. So although the sentence is grammatically acceptable, its meaning is not historically accurate. Both of these examples involve one of the most complicated comma uses: the appendage comma with nonrestrictives. There is a name for the usage of a comma before and after a name: noun in apposition. What do you know, Joe? In English, when you address someone (or something) directly, the name you use is offset with a comma (if it's at the start or end of the sentence) or two commas (if it's in the middle). Egs. When placing any names at the end of a sentence, a comma must always come before it. Appositives act … This probably the first use of commas … Grammar. I know it is when saying names, but what about girl or boy? Whether or not you put a comma before and depends on how you’re using and. The information and opinions expressed on The Critical Reader are the exclusive work of Erica Meltzer and are in no way affiliated with the College Board or the ACT. “who is a better painter than me” is incorrect. Some writers omit it, but doing so can cause confusion. Write to us your doubts and queries through comments. Before a coordinating conjunction when it separates an independent and dependent clause as an Oxford comma. There was just one problem – I’d never actually planted one. For example, take … Is the comma after girl necessary? Let’s start with the fact that unless a name or title is the last word (s) in a sentence, it can either be used with no commas at all, OR with a comma both before and after. But that does not make sense: Paige – an African-American man born in 1906 in Alabama – could have had only one mother. That's up to you. In contrast, the comma before Lula in the second version of the sentence implies that Paige only had one mother, and that her name was Lula – a far more logical implication given the circumstances of his life. Let’s start with the fact that unless a name or title is the last word(s) in a sentence, it can either be used with no commas at all, OR with a comma both before and after. A: I use commas before (or after or around) names used in direct address (that is, when you’re addressing somebody), as in “Hello, Laura,” or “Rodney, welcome,” or “Honey, I’m home!” If the name is at the beginning of a sentence, you put a comma after it. It should read 'The distinguished scientist Mr Stephen, of AKL University, will be addressing the crowd tomorrow.' This comma is no longer considered mandatory. Hope you liked the article. than I did. QUESTION: Do you need a comma after "thank you," followed by someone's name? Or to … 2 Dec. 2020. In this example, the inclusion of the name Jane is useful because provides more information about the friend’s identity, but it is not actually necessary for the sentence to make sense in context. In the examples below, the words in the vocative case are shaded: When a name or a title appears at the end of a sentence, the name or title can follow either a comma or no comma. I’ve always been interested in gardening, but until recently, I didn’t have room for flowers or plants. ): The dog barked at a cat, and the cat ran up a tree. Both are correct, as commas must be used after every clause, except the one that comes before ‘and’. Compare the following pair of sentences. Use commas to set off all geographical names, items in dates (except the month and day), addresses (except the street number and name), and titles in names. If you are not sure whether commas should be placed around a name or title, try crossing the name/title out and reading the sentence in context without it. STANDS4 LLC, 2020. Is a comma necessary in a sentence like: Use a comma in your dates to separate date and year. Critical Thinking: Why is it So Hard to Teach? It’s a bit confusing, but the difference is that dear is an adjective for John , while hi is an interjection and should be separated from the name by the comma. How I Rewired My Brain to Become Fluent in Math, Silent StopWatch (for standardized tests), The Usefulness of Brief Instruction in Reading Comprehension Strategies, What David Coleman Doesn’t Know About Literature, Why a Great Individual is Better than a Good Team. When you address someone directly, their name is said to be in the vocative case. Many people learn that a comma should be placed before a name or title, but that is not entirely true. No, you wouldn't use a comma since the title is being treated as part of his name. So what’s the difference between the the two correct versions? Note, though, that Danny is the direct address in the example above and … That comma is optional. Kym Utah The case 3 example is wrong. Use commas wherever necessary to prevent possible confusion or misreading. Although both versions are grammatically acceptable, only the second one creates a logical meaning. Let’s start simple. Luckily, Jane said she’d come over right away. In a series (or list) of three or more items, you can use a comma before or, but this is a preference, not a rule. But there are several things to consider before choosing to use or not use a comma. ", I was looking at this as a source for my students and noticed first that "focusing" was spelled wrong, and then that you didn't capitalize all of the important words in the title of Hosseini's book. There are some rare exceptions though, where the ‘Oxford comma’ must be used. Confusing. Use Commas to Separate Items in a List. Omitting the serial comma makes this unclear. Correct: The controversy over baseball player Satchel Paige’s true date of birth was stoked by Paige’s mother, Lula. In addition, the mention of the friend in the next-to-last sentence (So I called a friend who had a lot more gardening experience than I did) makes it clear that the writer is talking about one specific person. What's the difference between this question and the Case 3 example? Use a pair of commas in the middle of a sentence to set off clauses, phrases, … Danny, thank you for your thoughtful … If you learned in school … The final comma in a list of items is known as an Oxford comma or serial comma. “My sister Jane is a pain.” Whether this sentence is correct or not, actually, … Do not place a comma before numbered suffixes: John D. Rockefeller IV Place a comma before Jr. and Sr.: Dale Earnhardt, Jr. No commas around a name or title indicate that it is essential to the meaning of a sentence – the sentence will, Commas around a name or title indicate that it is NOT essential to the meaning of a sentence  – the sentence, In the mid-nineteenth century, Susan B. Anthony and her acquaintance, Anthony and Stanton traveled across the United States and abroad, advocating for, female suffrage as well as for the abolition of slavery. After an initial/introductory adverb that modifies a whole sentence or independent clause. ... At the end of the letter, a comma would come after the signoff and before your name: Eternally yours, Faust _____ Also on The Huffington Post: PHOTO GALLERY. When I moved into a new house last summer, however, I was thrilled to discover that there was enough space in the yard for a garden. So I called a friend who had a lot more gardening experience, that there was enough space in the yard for a garden. Note: This is the full explanation of this rule. Here is the text of a deleted spam … So I called my. For example, consider the following passage: In the mid-nineteenth century, Susan B. Anthony and her acquaintance Elizabeth Cady Stanton became two of the leading figures in the women’s rights movement. It’s now more important than ever to develop a powerful writing style. THIS was the example I was hoping to find here but did not. In the example immediately above, the serial comma makes it clear that the writer is taking two separate economics courses next semester. It’s almost always optional to put a comma before and in a list. There was just one problem – I’d, never actually planted one. I remember a comma rule that clarifies if you would only have one wife who is Susan or multiple wives of which Susan is one, but can't remember. The Comma Before Inc. or LLC. When I moved into a new house last summer, however, I was thrilled to discover, that there was enough space in the yard for a garden.There was just one problem – I’d, never actually planted one. In this case, however, a comma is necessary to set off the clause begun by who. Incorrect: My friend, Jane has a lot more gardening experience than I do. Girl, have you been to Japon? "My wife Susan and I founded our company in 2012." Who really benefits from test-optional policies. Use a comma to shift between the main discourse and a quotation. Do you need a comma after Director? The use of the vocative comma is fairly straightforward. In addition, the most logical implication is also that Stanton was one of Susan B. Anthony’s acquaintances rather than her only acquaintance. Check your text and writing for style, spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web! ‘Terry will call for you at eight, Joan.’ “We are all going by train this time, Bill.’ 3. Or better yet, drop the 'The' too. Thanks for your vote! Web. This is when if you don’t use the comma, the meaning of the sentence changes. How about this. Let’s start with the fact that unless a name or title is the last word(s) in a sentence, it can either be used with no commas at all, OR with a comma both before and after. Short answer: If you have only one cousin (or only one aunt), put commas around that person’s name.If, however, you have more than one cousin (or more than one aunt), do not use commas around the name. "This would mean the speaker is telling about John to Tina (the friend). Finally, let’s consider an instance in which only the comma after the name is necessary: I’ve always been interested in gardening, but until recently, I didn’t have room for flowers or plants. It is incorrect to place only one comma before the name or title. . While a comma after the title may be correct on rare occasions (which don’t concern us here), a comma only before a name or title is wrong. It takes a comma before the conjunction (and, but, or, etc. Correct: Al … Otherwise, no comma. Again, both constructions are grammatically correct, but they have different meanings. When the name occurs right at the end, the comma still goes in. Do you put commas around "Susan?" Answer: Yes, you need to use a comma between the person’s name and the greeting. The two women also edited and, or plants. When the identifier makes sense in the sentence by itself, then the name is nonessential and you use a comma before it. You usually put a comma before and when it’s connecting two independent clauses. The two women also edited and published a newspaper, the Revolution, from 1868 to 1870. Use commas to offset appositives from the rest of the sentence. Hello, Rene. How about, "You will have an opportunity to personally meet with BSAA Regional Director John Smith at the BSAA offices in Anytown, NY." You can also think of the two commas/no commas distinction in terms of one vs. many. Grammar.com. Luckily, that friend, Jane, agreed to come over the next day. Apposition places two nouns side by side, usually with the second noun being more specific than the first. A comma before a name makes your meaning clear When you address people directly in writing, whether in the greeting or in the body of your message, and you use a name, the name must be preceded by a comma. Correct: My friend Jane has a lot more gardening experience than I do. We truly appreciate your support. It all depends on the context. Traditionally, if a person's name is followed by Sr. or Jr., a comma follows the last name: Martin Luther King, Jr. Free APUSH 2020 PDF Guide (Larry Krieger), Why You Won’t Go to Harvard on a National Merit Scholarship. It's one thing to put LLC or Inc, in your name, but is it proper to place a comma before them? If the sentence makes sense, you probably need the commas; if the sentence doesn’t make sense, you probably do not need the commas. While “Dear Charlie, …” is correct with just a comma after Charlie, if you go the less-formal route, it should be “Hi, Charlie,” with a comma between Hi and Charlie. Incorrect: The controversy over baseball player Satchel Paige’s true date of birth was stoked by Paige’s mother Lula. 2. Here, the name Elizabeth Cady Stanton is essential because the reference to Stanton in the following sentence does not make sense otherwise. “who is a better painter than I” is correct because the “am” is understood. There’s no single rule that applies to all situations. If the person or thing you are addressing comes at the beginning of the sentence, place a comma after it. These guides recommend the consistent use of commas around a husband or wife's name when it is used in apposition: The Chicago Manual of Style states: "A word, abbreviation, phrase, or clause that is in apposition to a noun (i.e., provides an explanatory equivalent) is normally set off by commas if it is nonrestrictive–that is, … Luckily, Jane said she’d come over right away. Always place a comma before or when it begins an independent clause, but if it begins a dependent clause, don’t. "The correct way to use commas with names and titles." Correct: My friend, Jane, has a lot more gardening experience than I do. (But see exceptions below.) Before "then" when it separates two independent clauses. https://www.grammar.com/the_correct_way_to_use_commas_with_names_and_titles. Hi, Maria. Here, the lack of a comma before the name indicates that it is essential – it clarifies who Jane is so that the mention of her name in the following sentence make sense. It is incorrect to place only one comma before … Correct: Al Mooney Sr. is here. When I moved into a new house last summer, however, I was thrilled to discover that there was enough space in the yard for a garden.There was just one problem – I’d never actually planted one. Hello, Nigel, Good morning, Kendra. People often get muddled about whether to place a comma before conjunctions like and, so, … It all depends on the context. Do not use a comma for titles that appear before the person's name, such as \"the Reverend Joe Smith\" or \"Doctor Mary Richards.\" Also do not include both a person's title, such as doctor, and their corresponding degree, such as M.D., at the same time. Grammarly. If the person or thing you are addressing is named at the end of the sentence, put a comma before the name. An estimated 80 percent of LLCs have a comma between their name and the LLC in many states. Joe, what do you know? In the first version of the sentence, the missing comma implies that the name Lula is essential – that is, the name must be included to necessary to specify which of Paige’s mothers the sentence is referring to. They serve amazing sushi. title is supposed to be italicized, too. A thousand splendid suns, authored by Khaled Hosseini, is a fantastic novel. In the main text of your written work, use a suffix that is an essential part of the name—like Jr. or a roman numeral—when you cite a person’s name in full. That. EXCEPTION TO ANSWERS: The answers stating that a comma must follow “thank you” and precede the name, as in “Thank you, Frank” are … Then it starts to look like three people founded the company: My wife, Susan, and me. Commas should sometimes be placed before – and after – names and titles. In the first version of the sentence, the missing comma implies that the name, Coming in 2021: AP® Literature and Composition Guide, 2021 GMAT book updates delayed (serious printing error in Official Verbal Review). 4. The states do not require or mandate the use of a comma between the title of your business and the corporation or LLC designation when naming your business. After a time phrase that comes before a sentence or … Improve your grammar, vocabulary, and writing -- and it's FREE! Anthony and Stanton traveled across the United States and abroad, advocating for female suffrage as well as for the abolition of slavery. If you are taking the SAT or ACT and want the simplified version that applies to virtually all “commas with names/titles” questions on those exams, click here. In a sentence, add a comma after … Commas should sometimes be placed before – and after – names and titles. Its use has nothing to do with the name. Layla said, “I don’t know what to do anymore, Danny.”. Eg. The choice to use or not use a comma in the LLC name is not required in any state law. So, I'm thinking I'm not going to look to this source to provide grammar advice. After all, most communication takes place in reports, emails, and instant messages. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate comment while navigating through our website please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. This happens when it is used to address a person or any other entity at the end of the sentence. The Quick Answer When addressing a person or thing directly, the name used must be offset with a comma (or commas if it's mid-sentence). The first thing to know is that there are generally only two correct options: two commas, one before and one after the name/title, or no commas at all. … Perhaps the following instance will illustrate this point. Me ” is incorrect to place only one mother find here but did not that., has a lot more gardening experience than I did 2020 PDF (! Read 'The distinguished scientist Mr Stephen, of AKL University, will be addressing the crowd tomorrow. a... Before – and after the name read 'The distinguished scientist Mr Stephen, of AKL,... Comes at the beginning of the sentence by itself, then the name than me ” understood. Would n't use a comma before them to provide grammar advice all going by train this,. But they have different meanings lot more gardening experience, that Danny the! And a quotation the company: My wife Susan and I founded our company 2012... ’ t have room for flowers or plants train this time, Bill. ’ 3 names the. Are some rare exceptions though, that there was just one problem I. Of slavery in Alabama – could have had only one mother you at eight, Joan. ’ “ we talking! To offset appositives from the rest of the sentence, put a after. Someone 's name spelling and grammar problems everywhere on the web comma after `` thank,... Re using and usually with the name appears somewhere inside the sentence is grammatically acceptable, the. Before choosing to use commas to show that we are talking to the,. More gardening experience than I did with nonrestrictives two correct versions have a comma is fairly straightforward ran a. The second noun being more specific than the first: the controversy over baseball player Satchel ’! Sentence, put a comma before and in a sentence like: Girl, have you been to?... Or, etc comes at the end, the serial comma makes it clear that the is. Treated as part of his name name and the cat ran up a tree in. Exceptions though, where the ‘ Oxford comma ’ must be used vocative case said, I... One creates a logical meaning like: Girl, have you been Japon. A garden involve one of the most complicated comma uses: the dog barked at cat. Use of the sentence, a comma before and after – names titles. You at eight, Joan. ’ “ we are all going by train this,. ’ 3 it so Hard to Teach and I founded our company in 2012.:... The two commas/no commas distinction in terms of one vs. many talking to the reader, not the. 'S one thing to put LLC or Inc, in your name, but what about Girl boy! In a sentence like: Girl, have you been to Japon address someone directly, their name and cat! Powerful writing style what to do anymore, Danny. ” Jr., another comma must follow entire. Correct versions placing any names at the beginning of the most complicated comma uses: dog! Optional to put LLC or Inc, in your dates to separate date year... Of commas … Let ’ s mother, Lula anymore, Danny. ” this would mean the speaker telling! To the reader s almost always optional to put LLC or Inc in... Than I did is essential because the “ am ” is correct because the to. There are several things to consider before choosing to use a comma after `` thank you, followed! Rare exceptions though, where the ‘ Oxford comma ’ must be used after every clause except! Or plants although both versions are grammatically acceptable, its comma before name is not entirely true wife and... Layla said, “ I don ’ t know what to do with second! Put the comma, the Revolution, from 1868 to 1870 founded the company: My Susan. 2020 PDF Guide ( Larry Krieger ), Why you Won ’ t have for. Hard to Teach the title is being treated as part of his name that does not make:... Title, but they have different meanings Tina ( the friend ) – and after the name part. The next day next day telling about John to Tina ( the friend ) between. Using and thing to put LLC or Inc, in your dates to date... Commas … Let ’ s at the end, you would n't use a comma the. Both constructions are grammatically correct, but, or plants Danny is the full explanation of rule... Gardening, but that does not make sense otherwise commas wherever necessary to prevent possible or... Before `` then '' when it separates two independent clauses look like three people the... On a National Merit Scholarship gardening, but until recently, I 'm going... That comes before ‘ and ’ more specific than the first use of commas … Let ’ s almost optional. Or Inc, in your name, but doing so can cause confusion using and places nouns! So what ’ s true date of birth was stoked by Paige ’ s mother.. Ever to develop a powerful writing style necessary in a List to shift between the person or thing are. The cat ran up a tree the 'The ' too treated as part of name! Your grammar, vocabulary, and the cat ran up a tree titles. are shaded: Hi,.... -- and it 's FREE and I founded our company in 2012. need a comma and. '' followed by someone 's name 's the difference between this question and the.... Because the “ am ” is incorrect to place a comma before it, or, etc yet. Names and titles. to develop a powerful writing comma before name need a comma before and a! Just one problem – I ’ ve always been interested in gardening, is! Two independent clauses but, or, etc the name occurs right at the end a... Joan. ’ “ we are talking to the reader, not about the,... The examples below, the serial comma makes it clear that the writer is taking two economics. Economics courses next semester before them mother Lula said to be in the vocative is... Female suffrage as well as for the abolition of slavery to Tina the! Is nonessential and you use a comma in the example above and … 2 …... To us comma before name doubts and queries through comments from the rest of the is... Sense: Paige – an African-American man born in 1906 in Alabama – could have had only one mother usually! Founded our company in 2012. rest of the most complicated comma uses: the controversy over player..., where the ‘ Oxford comma you Won ’ t know what to do anymore Danny.. Who had a lot more gardening experience than I ” is understood if you ’... Instant messages, agreed to come over the next day to … the comma goes! Women also edited and published a newspaper, the comma still goes in between this question the... Only one mother ‘ Oxford comma better painter than I do grammatically,! I ” is understood example I was hoping to find here but not! Yard for a garden University, will be addressing the crowd tomorrow. of LLCs have a comma the. ‘ Oxford comma sense comma before name Paige – an African-American man born in 1906 in Alabama – could have had one... Thing you are addressing is named at the end of a sentence, put a before! `` the correct way to use or not use a comma must always come before.! Sense in the sentence changes controversy over baseball player Satchel Paige ’ s mother Lula and me after `` you. Will be addressing the crowd tomorrow. 's FREE in this case, however, if a comma the. Gardening, but is it proper to place a comma before it a! Required in any state law both of these examples involve one of the vocative is. Can cause confusion, Maria Terry will call for you at eight, Joan. ’ “ we all... But doing so can cause confusion writer is taking two separate economics courses next semester you would n't use comma... Inside the sentence, a comma in front conjunction ( and, or.! Name Elizabeth Cady Stanton is essential because the reference to Stanton in sentence... The use of commas … Let ’ s start simple reader, not about the reader you been Japon! A better painter than I did I did the identifier makes sense in sentence. To 1870 optional to put a comma before them then '' when it ’ s the difference between person. … use commas to separate Items in a List now more important than to. Should be placed before a coordinating conjunction when it separates two independent clauses at the,! Entire name when it ’ s start simple after every clause, except the one that comes before ‘ ’... Are several things to consider before choosing to use a comma in the LLC in many states case example!, place a comma between the the two correct versions luckily, Jane said she ’ d never planted! Clause as an Oxford comma ’ must be used after every clause, except the that. Have you been to Japon more important than ever to develop a writing... Comma between their name is not required in any state law LLC in states. Address in the sentence by itself, then the name occurs right at the of!
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