Historically, Scotland was administered in units of burghs and parishes, however after 1889, counties were introduced alongside large and small burghs and counties of cities. Between 1975 and 1996, Scotland was divided into regions and districts (with separate island areas). At the accession of George II twenty-two sheriffs were hereditary, three were appointed for life and only eight held office at the pleasure of the monarch. In 1970 another change in government control was followed by the publication of a white paper in 1971 implementing the commission's reforms in a modified form. Originally, these counties were established for juridical purposes but beginning in the 17th century, they started to be used for local administration purposes.These boundaries remained in use for local government until 1974, after which they were substantially reformed into regions and since 1996 into council areas. [1], Today, local government in Scotland is based upon council areas, which sometimes incorporate county names, but frequently have vastly different boundaries. There were twelve regions, most divided into between three and nineteen districts, though three (island) regions were not divided. The shires of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Siorrachdan na h-Alba), or counties of Scotland, are historic subdivisions of Scotland established in the Middle Ages and used as administrative divisions until 1975. West Lothian), Perth, Kincairdine, Aberdene, Inverness and Ross, Nairne, Cromarty, Argyle, Fyfe and Kinross, Forfar (i.e. East Lothian), Berwick, Roxburgh, Selkirk, Peebles, Lanerk, Dumfreize, "the sherifdome of Wigtoun and stewartrie of Kirkcudbright", Air, Dumbartan, Bute, Renfrew, Striviling (i.e. In addition, the counties of Ross and Cromarty merged in 1890. The three-letter abbreviations shown on this map are the well-known Chapman County Codes. The shires of the Highlands were completed only in the reign of King Charles I (reigned 1625 to 1649). great. These "counties of cities" were periodically expanded, as their urban areas spread further and further into the surrounding countryside. Search GENUKI pages. Local government was reorganised again under the Local Government etc. Our database currently has a total of 23 Counties in Wales.. Click on the Town link next to each county to view all the towns in that particular county, and click on the Postcode link to view all the Postcodes in that county. [26] Following the unsuccessful Jacobite Rising of 1745 the government took the opportunity of overhauling county government. Under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1929, two pairs of councils were combined with each other to form the "joint county councils" of Perth & Kinross and Moray & Nairn. The areas governed by these councils, referred to as "administrative counties", resembled the traditional shires of Scotland, but not entirely. Cromartyshire's borders, a particularly fragmentary example, were achieved as late as 1685, although at that time the word "county" was not applied to the sheriffdom. Following a change of government, it was announced in 1965 that a "more comprehensive and authoritative" review of local government areas would be undertaken. The remaining shires were formed either by the territorial expansion of the Kingdom of Scotland, or by the subdivision of existing sheriffdoms. Whether you want to let your hair down at a folk music festival, sample oysters at Loch Fyne or seek solitude on a Munro, use our map of Scotland to start planning your trip. Our database currently has a total of 32 Counties in Scotland . [32] The abolition of counties "for local government purposes" was enacted by the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973, with counties playing no part in local government after 16 May 1975, being replaced by regions and districts. In 1305 Edward I of England, who had deposed John Balliol issued an Ordinance for the Government of Scotland. [5] The earliest sheriffdom south of the Forth which we know of for certain is Haddingtonshire, which is named in a charter of 1139 as Hadintunschira[6] and in another of 1141 as Hadintunshire. Scotland is subject to the administration of both the UK Government in Westminster and the Scottish Government in Edinburgh. You can read more about the council areas in this Wikipedia article: subdivisions of Scotland . Counties of England, Wales and Scotland prior to the1974 Boundary Changes. Today, "county" is more commonly used, with "shire" being seen as a more poetic or archaic variant. 4583), Manuscripts in the National Library of Scotland, Local Government etc. County County town Alternative forms and Gaelic name Area (acres) Area (km 2) Population … Following the union of Scotland with England, the government began bringing Scotland's local governance into line with the rest of Great Britain. Scotland. See also. Disclaimer : All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. Originally established for judicial purposes (being the territory over which a sheriff had jurisdiction), from the 17th century they started to be used for local administration purposes as well. The historic counties of Scotland are included in the Index of Place Names (IPN) published by the Office for National Statistics. Exclaves were abolished, with the exception of one exclave of Dunbartonshire. All Rights Reserved, "By clicking OK or by using this Website, you consent to the use of cookies. Lizars, William Home, 1788-1859 Scotland, drawn from a … The eighteenth century county maps of Herman Moll (dated c. 1745), preferred to keep the "Shire" suffix a separate word, as for example "Berwick Shire", "Roxburgh Shire", "the Shire of Selkirk otherwise known as Etterick Forest", and in the north to "Murray" (Moray), "Inverness Shire", "Aberdeen Shire", "Banff Shire", "Ross Shire". Geography. As per 2011 figures, total population of Scotland is 5,295,400. A council area in Scotland is an area made for local government.There is a total of 32 council areas in Scotland. Although each council area has the option to be formally known by its Gaelic name, only Na h-Eileanan Siar (Council of the Western Isles in English, or the Outer Hebrides) has chosen to do so. Hide. ... County maps of Fife and Kinross Shires . From the quiz author. The full machinery of county government was not immediately established, largely due to the fact that the office of sheriff or steward had become hereditary in certain families in the majority of sheriffdoms. Counties continue to be used for land registration,[2] and form the basis of the lieutenancy areas (although the latter are not entirely identical). Scotland's current lieutenancy areas and registration counties are largely based on them. The Heritable Jurisdictions Act 1747 revested the government of the shires in the Crown, compensating those office holders who were displaced. John Adair (maps c. 1682) gives the names of Midlothian, East Lothian, Twaddall and Wast Lothian (the latter also as "Linlithgowshire"[34]). [citation needed]. (Scotland) Act 1994, A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland, List of Local Government Areas in Scotland (1930-75), History of local government in the United Kingdom, List of Scottish counties by highest point, Local government areas of Scotland 1973 to 1996, Land Register Counties & Operational Dates, https://archive.org/details/countydirectoryo1875edin, "Administration: Sheriffs, stewards and bailies", "Act of the convention of estates of the kingdom of Scotland etc. List of UK Counties 2020. [29], In 1966 a Royal Commission on Local Government in Scotland, chaired by Lord Wheatley was appointed. 2067), Report of the Royal Commission on Local Government in Scotland 1966 - 69 (Cmnd.4150), Reform of Local Government in Scotland (Cmnd. Maps of the whole county or region, providing an overview of the physical and human landscape. [27] In 1794 Lord-Lieutenants were appointed to each county, and in 1797 county militia regiments were raised, bringing Scotland into line with England, Wales and Ireland. County names no longer need be used in English addresses, so this table is mainly of historical interest, but might also be useful in decoding old-style addresses, which, although "deprecated", are still widely used. Ross-shire and Cromartyshire were merged into Ross and Cromarty, and four cities - Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh and Glasgow - were made counties in their own right. The counties of Scotland were the principal divisions of Scotland until 1975. The areas used for judicial functions (sheriffdoms) came to diverge from the shires, which ceased to be used for local government purposes after 1975 under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973. What are the Top 10 Countries with the Highest FDI Inflows? Counties of Scotland, 1580s-1940s. The counties of the United Kingdom are subnational divisions of the United Kingdom, used for the purposes of administrative, geographical and political demarcation.The older term, shire is historically equivalent to county.By the Middle Ages, county had become established as the unit of local government, at least in England. The Modernisation of Local Government in Scotland (Cmnd. Several shires have alternative names of long standing. In 1667 Commissioners of Supply were appointed in each sheriffdom to collect the land tax. Many of the new shires had highly irregular boundaries or detached parts as they united the various possessions of the heritable sheriffs. Geneal… The sheriffdoms listed were Edinburgh (i.e. Your personal data will be governed by Mapsofworld. Moray), Orkney and Zetland, Clakmannan. [3], Malcolm III (reigned 1058 to 1093) appears to have introduced sheriffs as part of a policy of replacing previous forms of government with Norman feudal structures. David completed the division of the country into sheriffdoms by the conversion of existing thanedoms. Click on the tags below to find other quizzes on the same subject. 12: County of Argyll 13: County of Bute 14: Ayrshire 15: Renfrewshire 16: Dunbartonshire 17: Stirlingshire 18: Clackmannanshire 19: Kinross-shire 20: County of Fife 21: East Lothian (Haddingtonshire until 1921) 22: Midlothian (County of Edinburgh until 1921) 23: West Lothian (Linlithgowshire until 1921) 24: Lanarkshire 25: Peeblesshire 26: Selkirkshire Up until 1890, there were 34 county councils whose areas had evolved over the centuries from the mormaerdoms, stewartries and sheriffdoms of medieval Scotland. This was to insure the data was reliable and can be compared easily. Note some counties have been known by different names throughout time. A heady mix of wild places and culture, Scotland is more than the sum of its parts: idyllic island beaches; raw and beautiful glens; untamed wildlife; historic cities. These include: In Scotland, as in England and Wales, the terms "shire" and "county" have been used interchangeably, with the latter becoming more common in later usage. Map of the Highlands of Scotland denoting the districts or counties inhabited by the Highland Clans. Regions and Districts of Scotland from 1975 to 1996 From 1975 to 1996 local government in Scotland had a two-tier structure. Click on … Scotland was divided into geographic subdivisions (called counties or shires) during the Middle Ages. Though governed by the same council, each county remained nominally independent from the other. An alphabetical list of places in Scotland, explaining which land register county they are based in. 32 Councils of Scotland Council: Glasgow Council HQ: Glasgow Browse the map of Edinburgh city centre to see if you can spot the iconic Edinburgh Castle or the map of Glasgow city centre to see where some of the most artistic and creative buildings in Scotland are set. hide. 1707 Act of Union and the ending of heritable jurisdictions, Charter by King David to the church of St. Andrews of the church of St. Mary at Haddington, Charter by King David granting Clerchetune to the church of St. Mary of Haddington, Charter by King David granting the church of Clackmannan, etc., to the Abbey of Stirling, Orkney and Zetland (Shetland) were generally treated as a single county, with Orkney being described an ". UK. Hi there! What are the Largest Countries in the World by Area? Administratively, Scotland is divided into 32 Councils (similar to Counties in the US) that are responsible for local governance and development issues in their respective areas. Historically, Scotland was divided into 34 counties or shires. https://www.scotlandspeople.gov.uk/research-guides/counties-cities-and-burghs 1. They are all governed by unitary authorities called "councils". The Sheriffs (Scotland) Act 1747 reduced the office of sheriff principal to a largely ceremonial one, with a sheriff depute or sheriff substitute appointed to each "county, shire or stewartry". The shires of Scotland (Scottish Gaelic: Siorrachdan na h-Alba), or counties of Scotland, are historic subdivisions of Scotland established in the Middle Ages and used as administrative divisions until 1975. For more detailed maps of rural areas, see estate maps or Ordnance Survey maps from the 1840s. You can find out more about these traditional counties on our separate page about them, along with a map and links to pages about each county. Midlothian), Hadingtoun (i.e. Counties (Local Government) Districts & Principal Areas. The heritable sheriffdoms were Argyll, Bute, Banff, Caithness, Clackmannan, Cromarty, Dumbarton, Dumfries, Elgin, Fife, Kinross, Kirkcudbright, Linlithgow, Nairn, Orkney & Zetland, Peebles, Renfrew, Roxburgh, Selkirk, Sutherland, Stirling and Wigtown; those appointed for life were Perth, Forfar and Ayr; those held at pleasure were Aberdeen, Berwick, Edinburgh, Haddington, Inverness, Kincardine, Lanark and Ross. [4] This policy was continued by Edgar (reigned 1097 to 1107), Alexander I (reigned 1107 to 1124), and in particular David I (reigned 1124 to 1153). (Scotland) Act 1994, with the regions and districts being replaced by the currently existing council areas. Media in category "Maps of traditional counties of Scotland" The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total. The latter was more common in general usage. This is an online quiz called Counties of Scotland. In 1858 police forces were established in each shire under the Police (Scotland) Act 1857. [30] The commission's report in 1969 recommended the replacement of the counties with larger regions.[31]. The map depicts a large number of exclaves physically detached from the county that they were politically deemed to be part of. [7] Stirlingshire appears in a charter of 1150 under the name Striuelinschire.[8]. Banff), Sutherland, Caithnes, Elgine (i.e. The document listed the twenty-three shires then existing and either appointed new sheriffs or continued heritable sheriffs in office.[5]. The first accurate county maps of Scotland appear in the late seventeenth century and contain a first-hand record of shire names. However Compare Infobase Limited, its directors and employees do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same. Although these no longer have any administrative function, they are still used to some extent in Scotland for cultural and geographical purposes, and some of the current council areas are named with reference to them. Below is a massive list of counties of scotland words - that is, words related to counties of scotland. 1801 Cary Map of Scotland (4 Sheets) - Geographicus - Scotland-cary-1801.jpg 7,000 × 6,322; 13.91 MB. [35] The map of Boswell's and Johnson's A Journey to the Western Islands of Scotland (1773) gives "Shire" to every one shown, including "Angus Shire" and "Fife Shire". A current list of counties in the UK including: List of English Counties, List of Welsh Counties, Scotland and Northern Ireland. for a new and voluntary offer to his Majesty of seventy-two thousand pounds monthly for the space of twelve months", The National Library of Scotland: Maps of Scotland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shires_of_Scotland&oldid=989160152, Articles containing Scottish Gaelic-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 11:33. Stirlingshire), Linlithgow (i.e. Originally established for judicial purposes (being the territory over which a sheriff had jurisdiction), from the 17th century they started to be used for local administration purposes as well. UK consists of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland four counties. In general, they were still considered part of the wider geographical county; for instance, Glasgow was still reckoned part of Lanarkshire, though it was no longer within the jurisdiction of Lanark County Council. APPENDIX I: COUNTIES OF ENGLAND, WALES, AND SCOTLAND [ Main Postal Page] The counties of England, including recent changes. This Scottish counties map, based on one from FamilySearch, displays the 34 historical counties of Scotland as they appeared in 1890. For more detailed maps of rural areas, see estate maps or Ordnance Survey maps from the 1840s. In 1963 the Government published a white paper which proposed a reduction in the number of counties from thirty-three to between ten and fifteen. Counties in Wales. ) Act 1994, with `` shire '' being seen as a more poetic or archaic variant ( with island. Shire under the police ( Scotland ) Act 1857 counties of scotland Largest Countries in reign! 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Urban areas spread further and further into the surrounding countryside [ 29 ], in a... Irregular boundaries or detached parts as they united the various possessions of the shires ( )... And employees do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the Kingdom Scotland... And human landscape the Highlands of Scotland with England, the counties of ''! The currently existing council areas were created on 1 April 1996, under the provisions of whole. County remained nominally independent from the 1840s Sheets ) - Geographicus - Scotland-cary-1801.jpg ×... They were politically deemed to be used for Local administration apart from judicial functions map are the Countries... White paper which proposed a reduction in the National Library of Scotland appear in the Government! Alphabetical list of Welsh counties, list of Welsh counties, Scotland was divided between! Rights Reserved, `` by clicking OK or by the Highland Clans Britain... Sheriffs or continued heritable sheriffs total population of Scotland from 1975 to from... Website, you consent to the use of cookies own any responsibility for the Government began bringing 's...
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