But after World War II historians began to question if Ceasar's claims stood up. (4) and there is not wanting a suspicion, as the Helvetii think, of his having committed suicide. Tandem dat Cotta permotus manus: superat sententia Sabini. (1) Aquītānia ā Garumnā flūmine ad Pȳrēnaeōs mōntēs et eam partem Ōceanī quae est ad Hispāniam pertinet; spectat inter occāsum sōlis et septentriōnēs. (6) the other, through our Province, much easier and freer from obstacles, because the Rhone flows between the boundaries of the Helvetii and those of the Allobroges, who had lately been subdued, and is in some places crossed by a ford. (4) cum cīvitās ob eam rem incitāta armīs iūs suum exsequī cōnārētur. (3) Hāc ōrātiōne adductī inter sē fidem et iūs iūrandum dant. (3) sēmentēs quam māximās facere ut in itinere cōpia frūmentī suppeteret, (3) to make their sowings as large as possible, so that on their march plenty of corn might be in store -. (5) trium mēnsum molita cibāria sibi quemque domō efferre iubent. (6) Allobrogibus sēsē vel persuāsūrōs, quod nōndum bonō animō in populum Rōmānum vidērentur, exīstimābant vel vī coāctūrōs ut per suōs fīnēs eōs īre paterentur. (6) ūnum per Sēquanōs, angustum et difficile, inter mōntem Iūram et flūmen Rhodanum, vix quā singulī carrī dūcerentur; (6) one through the Sequani narrow and difficult, between Mount Jura and the river Rhone (by which scarcely one wagon at a time could be led; (6) mōns autem altissimus impendēbat, ut facile perpaucī prohibēre possent: (6) there was, moreover, a very high mountain overhanging, so that a very few might easily intercept them; (6) alterum per prōvinciam nostram, multō facilius atque expedītius, proptereā quod inter fīnēs Helvētiōrum et Allobrogum, quī nūper pācātī erant, Rhodanus fluit, isque nōn nūllīs locīs vadō trānsītur. C. Julius Caesar. It is announced that they would journey at dawn. In this video, we'll go through and translate lines 1 through 4 of Book 1, Chapter 1 of Caesaris De Bello Gallico (Caesar's "On the Gallic War"). The completed draft of Caesar’s De Bello Gallico Book 1 is being completely revised and reformatted to produce a 2017 edition of Caesar’s Helvetian Campaign.New revisions of the Helvetian Campaign will appear throughout the Fall of 2017. Suam sententiam in utramque partem esse tutam: si nihil esset durius, nullo cum periculo ad proximam legionem perventuros; si Gallia omnis cum Germanis consentiret, unam esse in celeritate positam salutem. (7) et quam māximīs potest itineribus in Galliam ūlteriōrem contendit, et ad Genāvam pervenit. Interim, dum de condicionibus inter se agunt longiorque consulto ab Ambiorige instituitur sermo. and Grove, E. D. Caesar de bello Gallico. (4) and the magistrates were mustering a large body of men from the country. Reliqui se in castra recipiunt unde erant egressi. Quick-Find a Translation. Against these things, Titurius kept shouting that they would do this too late when larger bands of enemies had come together with the Germans having been thrown in or when some disaster had been received in the nearest camp. Significant Events: Pompey grants a levy 0:51 Caesar invades … The following seven pages includes all 335 words in the Book 1 of Julius Caesar’s De Bello Gallico that occur five or more times arranged in a running vocabulary list. Finally, Cotta, having been overpowered, gives up: Sabinus's opinion conquers. he sends his interpreter Pompeius to him to ask that he spare him and his soldiers. New York. Cum propter longitudinem agminis minus facile omnia per se obire et, quid quoque loco faciendum esset, providere possent, iusserunt pronuntiare, ut impedimenta relinquerent atque in orbem consisterent. Commentary: Caesar’s Helvetian Campaign (2.7 mb pdf, 7 x 10 inch, beta ed. Sabinus quos in praesentia tribunos militum circum se habebat et primorum ordinum centuriones se sequi iubet et. For modern students of Latin, De bello Gallico is usually the first piece of real, continuous Latin prose. (2) et cīvitātī persuāsit ut dē fīnibus suīs cum omnibus cōpiīs exīrent: (2) and persuaded the people to go forth from their territories with all their possessions. (2) [saying] that it would be very easy, since they excelled all in valor, to acquire the supremacy of the whole of Gaul. (2) perfacile esse, cum virtūte omnibus praestārent, tōtīus Galliae imperiō potīrī. (5) persuādent Rauracīs et Tulingīs et Latobrīgīs fīnitimīs suīs utī eōdem ūsī cōnsiliō, oppidīs suīs vīcīsque exūstīs, ūnā cum eīs proficīscantur. Hide browse bar Your current position in the text is marked in blue. on the other hand they saw no security in disagreement. Is there the book, "Commentarii de Bello Gallico" with the Latin text on one side, and English translation on the other available to purchase? Praeterea accidit, quod fieri necesse erat, ut vulgo milites ab signis discederent, quae quisque eorum carissima haberet, ab impedimentis petere atque arripere properaret, clamore et fletu omnia complerentur. (3) and hope that, when they have seized the sovereignty, they will, by means of the three most powerful and valiant nations, be enabled to obtain possession of the whole of Gaul. (3) they fix by decree their departure for the third year. (4) it was the law that the penalty of being burned by fire should await him if condemned. when he had approached nearer to Ambiorix, having been ordered to throw down his arms, he carries out the command and orders his men to do the same. De Bello Gallico Translation: 5.29, 5.30, 5.31, 5.32, 5.33, 5.34, 5.35,5.36, 5.37, 5.38 (5) They order every one to carry forth from home for himself provisions for three months, ready ground. It includes all the required English and Latin selections from Caesar's De Bello Gallico for the 2012-2013 AP* Curriculum. Postremo quis hoc sibi persuaderet, sine certa re Ambiorigem ad eiusmodi consilium descendisse? (6) ex eō oppidō pōns ad Helvētiōs pertinet. Ceasar's account was largely taken as truthful and accurate until the 20th century. With which order, having been observed by them most diligently, when any cohort had left the circle and had made an attack, the enemies fled back very quickly. (1) Eōrum ūna pars, quam Gallōs obtinēre dictum est, initium capit ā flūmine Rhodanō; (1) One part of these, which it has been said that the Gauls occupy, takes its beginning at the river Rhone; (1) continētur Garumnā flūmine, Ōceanō, fīnibus Belgārum; (1) it is bounded by the river Garonne, the ocean, and the territories of the Belgae; (1) attingit etiam ab Sēquanīs et Helvētiīs flūmen Rhēnum; vergit ad septentriōnēs. (5) and they admit to their party and unite to themselves as confederates the Boii, who had dwelt on the other side of the Rhine, and had crossed over into the Norican territory, and assaulted Noreia. Pauci ex proelio elapsi incertis itineribus per silvas ad T. Labienum legatum in hiberna perveniunt atque eum de rebus gestis certiorem faciunt. Gaius Iulius Caesar (Gaius Iulius Caesar) Commentarii de bello gallico. W. A. McDevitte. (5) They persuade the Rauraci, and the Tulingi, and the Latobrigi, their neighbors, to adopt the same plan, and after burning down their towns and villages, to set out with them: (5) Boiōsque, quī trāns Rhēnum incoluerant et in agrum Nōricum trānsierant Nōrēiamque oppūgnārant, receptōs ad sē sociōs sibi ascīscunt. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. Translating Caesar's Gallic Wars, Book 5.: À traduire La guerre des Gaules, livre 5 de César. (3) he assures them that he will, with his own forces and his own army, acquire the sovereignty for them. Tum vero suo more victoriam conclamant atque ululatum tollunt impetuque in nostros facto ordines perturbant. (1) Hōrum omnium fortissimī sunt Belgae, proptereā quod ā cultū atque hūmānitāte prōvinciae longissimē absunt. (7) if they wanted any thing, they might return on the day before the ides of April [on April 12th]. Aprīl. Commentarii de Bello Gallico Latin/English bilingual version? levitate armorum et cotidiana exercitatione nihil eis noceri posse), rursus se ad signa recipientes insequantur. interpretem suum Cn Pompeium ad eum mittit rogatum ut sibi militibusque parcat. with this speech he easily persuades the nervii. Consumitur vigiliis reliqua pars noctis, cum sua quisque miles circumspiceret, quid secum portare posset, quid ex instrumento hibernorum relinquere cogeretur. The affair is drawn out in dispute until the middle of the night. 1st Edition. (2) prō multitūdine autem hominum et prō glōriā bellī atque fortitūdinis angustōs sē fīnēs habēre arbitrābantur, quī in longitūdinem mīlia passuum CCXL, in lātitūdinem CLXXX patēbant. The number in the right column indicates the lesson in which the core word first occurs. he offered himself as a helper for this matter. (6) extrēmum oppidum Allobrogum est proximumque Helvētiōrum fīnibus Genāva. This argument having been held on either side, when it was being fought against bitterly by Cotta and the first ranks, "Win," Sabinus said, "if thus you wish," and this with a louder voice, in order that a large part of the soldiers would hear; 'neque is sum,' inquit, 'qui gravissime ex vobis mortis periculo terrear:(5.30.-5). : D'autres disent qu'il a guidé Jules César durant la guerre des Gaules. and when a greater part of the battle line had come down into the large valley, from each side of that valley suddenly they showed themselves and began to press the last ones and prohibit the first ones from climbing up and start the battle in a place most unfair to our men. (1) Of all these, the Belgae are the bravest, because they are furthest from the civilization and refinement of [our] Province, (1) minimēque ad eōs mercātōrēs saepe commeant. In which, if present danger ought not be feared, yet certainly was not famine from a long seige to be feared? (3) itemque Dumnorīgī Aeduō frātrī Dīviciācī, quī eō tempore prīncipātum in cīvitāte obtinēbat āc māximē plēbī acceptus erat, ut idem cōnārētur persuādet, eīque fīliam suam in mātrimōnium dat. (3) cum proximīs cīvitātibus pācem et amīcitiam cōnfīrmāre. A few having escaped from the battle, by uncertain routes through the woods, arrive at the winter camp of Labienus and inform him about him about the things that were done. Book 1 to 3 : an interlinear translation designed as an aid to self-instruction in the Latin language / by E.D. (3) Ad eās rēs cōnficiendās biennium sibi satis esse dūxērunt: (3) They reckoned that a term of two years would be sufficient for them to execute their designs; (3) in tertium annum profectiōnem lēge cōnfīrmant. (1) it borders, too, on the side of the Sequani and the Helvetii, upon the river Rhine, and stretches toward the north. Then finally Titurius, who had seen nothing before hand, fears and runs around and scatters his cohorts, however, [he does] these things fearful and does them so that all things seem to fail him; which most often is accustomed to happen to those people who are forced to take a plan in the business itself. (1) Hī omnēs linguā, īnstitūtīs, lēgibus inter sē differunt. He wrote Commentaries (seven volumes), De De Bello Gallico (of its campaign against France and England), and De De Bello Civili (on the civil war between him and Pompeii). (6) omnibus rēbus ad profectiōnem comparātīs, diem dicunt, quā diē ad rīpam Rhodanī omnēs conveniant. se ad eam rem profitetur adiutorem. (1) Gallōs ab Aquītānīs Garumna flūmen, ā Belgīs Mātrona et Sēquana dīvidit. That he thought that Caesar had set out into Italy; nor otherwise had the Carnutes been about to take up the plan of Tasgetius nor the Eburones, if that man had been present, were going to come into our camp with such great contempt. Ambiorix elated by this victory at once set out with his cavalry to the Aduatuci who were the neighbors to his kingdom; he stopped neither night nor day, he ordered the foot soldiers to follow. Sabinus orders the military tribunes whom he had around him at that moment and the centurions of the first rank to follow him and. : Author Kate Gilliver describes Caesar's Gallic Wars, based on his work de bello gallico and other written and archaeological sources. (1) Gallia est omnis dīvīsa in partēs trēs, quārum ūnam incolunt Belgae, aliam Aquītānī, tertiam quī ipsōrum linguā Celtae, nostrā Gallī appellantur. surrounded little by little he (Sabinus) is killed. He says that nothing is able to be harmed for them by the lightness if their arms and their daily exercise to follow [the Romans] who are taking themselves back to their standards. To select a specific edition, see below. (7) nor was he of opinion that men of hostile disposition, if an opportunity of marching through the Province were given them, would abstain from outrage and mischief. Res disputatione ad mediam noctem perducitur. aquilam intra vallum proiecit; ipse pro castris fortissime pugnans occiditur. (3) and to establish peace and friendship with the neighboring states. (2) apud Helvētiōs longē nōbilissimus fuit et dītissimus Orgetorīx. (3) and he likewise persuades Dumnorix, an Aeduan, the brother of Divitiacus, who at that time possessed the chief authority in the state, and was exceedingly beloved by the people, to attempt the same, and gives him his daughter in marriage. (5.29.18-20). MLA Citation. (3) Ad eās rēs cōnficiendās Orgetorīx dēligitur. ex utraque parte eius vallis subito se ostenderunt novissimosque premere et primos prohibere ascensu atque iniquissimo nostris loco proelium committerecoeperunt. Rursus cum in eum locum unde erant egressi reverti coeperant, et ab eis qui cesserant et ab eis qui proximi steterant circumveniebantur; Again when they had begun to turn back into that place from where they had left, they were surrounded both by those who had yielded and by those who had stood close by; But if however they wanted to hold he place, there was niether a place left courage nor were they able to avoid the spears having been thrown together by such a large crowd, they having been bunched together. They (the Roman survivors) with difficulty withstand the attack until night; during the night, safety having been despaired of, all to a man kill themselves. (2) id hōc facilius iīs persuāsit, quod undique locī nātūrā Helvētiī continentur: (2) To this he the more easily persuaded them, because the Helvetii, are confined on every side by the nature of their situation; (2) ūnā ex parte flūmine Rhēnō lātissimō atque altissimō, quī agrum Helvētium ā Germānīs dīvidit; (2) on one side by the Rhine, a very broad and deep river, which separates the Helvetian territory from the Germans; (2) alterā ex parte mōnte Iūrā altissimō, quī est inter Sēquanōs et Helvētiōs; (2) on a second side by the Jura, a very high mountain, which is [situated] between the Sequani and the Helvetii; (2) tertiā lacū Lemannō et flūmine Rhodanō, quī prōvinciam nostram ab Helvētiīs dīvidit. Features: GALLIC WAR Caesar BOOK 1 - English translation . 6:1 Caesar, expecting for many reasons a greater commotion in Gaul, resolves to hold a levy by the means of M. Silanus C. Antistius Reginus, and T. Sextius, his lieutenants: at the same time he requested Cn. (3) He took upon himself the office of embassador to the states: (3) In eō itinere persuādet Casticō, Catamantāloedis fīliō Sēquanō, cūius pater rēgnum in Sēquanīs multōs annōs obtinuerat et ā senātū populī Rōmānī amīcus appellātus erat, ut rēgnum in cīvitāte suā occupāret, quod pater ante habuerat; (3) on this journey he persuades Casticus, the son of Catamantaledes (one of the Sequani, whose father had possessed the sovereignty among the people for many years, and had been styled "friend" by the senate of the Roman people), to seize upon the sovereignty in his own state, which his father had held before him. (3) Hīs rēbus adductī et auctōritāte Orgetorīgis permōtī, cōnstituērunt ea quae ad proficīscendum pertinērent comparāre, (3) Induced by these considerations, and influenced by the authority of Orgetorix, they determined to provide such things as were necessary for their expedition -. (2) hīs rēbus fīēbat ut et minus lātē vagārentur et minus facile fīnitimīs bellum īnferre possent: (2) From these circumstances it resulted, that they could range less widely, and could less easily make war upon their neighbors; (2) quā ex parte hominēs bellandī cupidī māgnō dolōre adficiēbantur. (7) Caesar, quod memoriā tenēbat L. Cassium cōnsulem occīsum exercitumque ēius ab Helvētiīs pulsum et sub iugum mīssum, concēdendum nōn putābat; (7) Caesar, inasmuch as he kept in remembrance that Lucius Cassius, the consul, had been slain, and his army routed and made to pass under the yoke by the Helvetii, did not think that [their request] ought to be granted: (7) neque hominēs inimīcō animō, datā facultāte per prōvinciam itineris faciendī, temperātūrōs ab iniūriā et maleficiō exīstimābat. There Cotta fighting is killed with the greatest part of the soldiers. (7) he orders the bridge at Geneva to be broken down. Quick-Find an Edition. Commentarii de bello Gallico, libri I-VII: from the text of Schneider, carefully revised, with various readings from the best extant editions, comprising those of Oudendorp, Herzog, Nipperdey, Elberling, Kraner, and others; a vocabulary of all the words in the text, and explanations of difficult idioms and constructions, forming a complete dictionary to Caesar When they were able to foresee because of the length of the battle line that all things less easily attended to personally, and what must be done in each place, they ordered [the centurions] to announce to leave behind the baggage and stand together in the defensive circle. (7) Ubi dē ēius adventū Helvētiī certiōrēs factī sunt, lēgātōs ad eum mittunt nōbilissimōs cīvitātis, cūius lēgātiōnis Nammēius et Verucloetius prīncipem locum obtinēbant. (6) The furthest town of the Allobroges, and the nearest to the territories of the Helvetii, is Geneva. For their leaders ordered [the soldiers] to announce in their whole battle line, so that nobody leave from his place: that the booty are theirs and whatever the Romans had left behind is reserved for them: they immediately thought that everything was placed on victory. C. IVLI CAESARIS COMMENTARIORVM DE BELLO GALLICO LIBER PRIMVS. cum propius Ambiorigem accessisset, iussus arma abicere imperatum facit suisque ut idem faciant imperat. de bello gallico liber IV (55 B.C.) The number at … (1) All these differ from each other in language, customs and laws. Caesar's Gallic War. This student-friendly text is designed for use in college classes and high school Advanced Placement courses. (4) multitūdinemque hominum ex agrīs magistrātūs cōgerent. (4) ea rēs est Helvētiīs per indicium ēnūntiāta. This match of one book to one year contributed to the long-lasting belief that De Bello Gallico was written continuously throughout the war. Meanwhile, while they are dealing with each other concerning the conditions and a deliberately longer speech is constructed by Ambiorix. This text provides unadapted Latin passages from the Commentarii De Bello Gallico: Book 1.1-7; Book 4.24-35 and the first sentence of Chapter 36; Book 5.24-48; Book 6.13-20 and the English of Books 1, 6, and 7. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Gallic Wars (lllustrated). (1) Hī omnēs linguā, īnstitūtīs, lēgibus inter sē differunt. The Gallic Wars (lllustrated) - Kindle edition by Caesar, Julius, Holmes, Thomas. (5) they burn up all the corn, except what they intend to carry with them; (5) ut domum reditiōnis spē sublātā parātiōrēs ad omnia perīcula subeunda essent; (5) that after destroying the hope of a return home, they might be the more ready for undergoing all dangers. 1869. (3) Incited by this speech, they give a pledge and oath to one another. The Gallic Wars by Julius Caesar, part of the Internet Classics Archive (1) for which reason the Helvetii also surpass the rest of the Gauls in valor, as they contend with the Germans in almost daily battles, when they either repel them from their own territories, or themselves wage war on their frontiers. (3) He proves to them that to accomplish their attempts was a thing very easy to be done. But a plan was not lacking to the barbarians. (1) All these differ from each other in language, customs and laws. an interlinear translation designed as an aid to self-instruction in the Latin language. (5.29.1-3). (6) Having provided every thing for the expedition, they appoint a day, on which they should all meet on the bank of the Rhone. DE BELLO GALLICO LIBRO 1 - GALLIC WAR I Caesar English translation. (6) is diēs erat a. d. V. Kal. That the opportunity of taking counsel was short. J. Re demonstrata Aduatucisque concitatis postero die in Nervios pervenit hortaturque, ne sui in perpetuum liberandi atque ulciscendi Romanos pro eis quas acceperint iniuriis occasionem dimittant: The thing having been explained and the aduatuci having been excited on the following day arrives at the nervii and urged that they not lose the opportunity of freeing themselves forever and taking revenge on the Romans for the injuries which they received; interfectos esse legatos duos magnamque partem exercitus interisse demonstrat; nihil esse negoti subito oppressam legionem quae cum Cicerone hiemet interfici; that two legates having been killed and a great part of the army destroyed that it was nothing of difficulty to suddenly kill the overwhelmed legion which was wintering with cicero. Translator. Caesar, Julius. His rebus permotus Q. Titurius, cum procul Ambiorigem suos cohortem conspexisset. (5) After his death, the Helvetii nevertheless attempt to do that which they had resolved on, namely, to go forth from their territories. In quo si non praesens periculum, at certe longinqua obsidione fames esset timenda? Tum demum Titurius, qui nihil ante providisset, trepidare et concursare cohortesque disponere, haec tamen ipsa timide atque ut eum omnia deficere viderentur; quod plerumque eis accidere consuevit, qui in ipso negotio consilium capere coguntur. (5.29.4-7). Nam duces eorum tota acie pronuntiare iusserunt, ne quis ab loco discederet: illorum esse praedam atque illis reservari quaecumque Romani reliquissent: proinde omnia in victoria posita existimarent. : Others say he guided Julius Caesar through the Gallic Wars. ], De bello Gallico. (2) is, M. Messālā et M. Pupio Pīsōne cōnsulibus, rēgnī cupiditāte inductus coniūrātiōnem nōbilitātis fēcit. Cottae quidem atque eorum, qui dissentirent, consilium quem habere exitum? (6) They thought that they should either persuade the Allobroges, because they did not seem as yet well-affected toward the Roman people, or compel them by force to allow them to pass through their territories. Of these Petrosidius the eagle-bearer, when he was being pressed by a large number of the enemy. There is also an 8th book, written by Aulus Hirtius. With which thing noticed, Ambiorix orders [it] to be announced that they throw their spears from far away and not to approach nearer and yield in which part the Romans will have made their attack. v / Caesar ; a translation by A.A. Irwin Nesbitt University Tutorial Press London Wikipedia Citation Please see Wikipedia's template documentation for … At barbaris consilium non defuit. Grove Ferguson Sydney 1870 58.]. E Wikisource. reverterentur. What result, indeed, does the plan of Cotta and those who disagreed have? (4) neque abest suspīciō, ut Helvētiī arbitrantur, quīn ipse sibi mortem cōnscīverit. (3) proptereā quod ipse suae cīvitātis imperium obtentūrus esset: (3) because he himself would obtain the government of his own state; (3) nōn esse dubium quīn tōtīus Galliae plūrimum Helvētiī possent; (3) that there was no doubt that the Helvetii were the most powerful of the whole of Gaul; (3) sē suīs cōpiīs suōque exercitū illīs rēgna conciliātūrum cōnfīrmat. Caesar recounts the sixth year of his campaigns in Gaul and Britain AUC 701 (53 BC). he threw the eagle forward inside the stockade; he himself fighting very bravely in front of the camp is killed. Qua de causa Helvetii quoque reliquos Gallos virtute praecedunt, quod fere cotidianis proeliis cum Germanis contendunt, cum aut suis finibus eos prohibent aut ipsi in eorum finibus bellum gerunt. the 28th of March], in the consulship of Lucius Piso and Aulus Gabinius [B.C. Sydney : Ferguson. (1) All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, the third those who in their own language are called Celts, in ours, Gauls. (3) et rēgnō occupātō per trēs potentissimōs āc fīrmissimōs populōs tōtīus Galliae sēsē potīrī posse spērant. Hac victoria sublatus Ambiorix statim cum equitatu in Aduatucos, qui erant eius regno finitimi, proficiscitur; neque noctem neque diem intermittit pedita tumque subsequi iubet. In addition to being a great military leader, he was a talented writer. (2) on a third by the Lake of Geneva, and by the river Rhone, which separates our Province from the Helvetii. (1) The river Garonne separates the Gauls from the Aquitani; the Marne and the Seine separate them from the Belgae. Commentarii de Bello Gallico (English: Commentaries on the Gallic War) is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative.In it Caesar describes the battles and intrigues that took place in the nine years he spent fighting local armies in Gaul that opposed Roman domination.. Quo praecepto ab eis diligentissime observato, cum quaepiam cohors ex orbe excesserat atque impetum fecerat, hostes velocissime refugiebant. Erant et virtute et studio pugnandi pares; nostri, tametsi ab duce et a fortuna deserebantur, tamen omnem spem salutis in virtute ponebant, et quotiens quaeque cohors procurrerat, ab ea parte magnus numerus hostium cadebat. However, our other two classical texts each have a memorable first line too. Not all translations are grammatically faithful to the original. (5) and to the private dwellings that remained; (5) frūmentum omne, praeterquam quod sēcum portātūrī erant, combūrunt. (1) The Belgae rises from the extreme frontier of Gaul, extend to the lower part of the river Rhine; and look toward the north and the rising sun. Translator. (7) Tamen, ut spatium intercēdere posset dum mīlitēs quōs imperāverat convenīrent, lēgātīs respondit diem sē ad dēlīberandum sūmptūrum: (7) Yet, in order that a period might intervene, until the soldiers whom he had ordered [to be furnished] should assemble, he replied to the ambassadors, that he would take time to deliberate; (7) sī quid vellent, ad Īd. (7) When it was reported to Caesar that they were attempting to make their route through our Province he hastens to set out from the city. (5) ubi iam sē ad eam rem parātōs esse arbitrātī sunt, oppida sua omnia, numerō ad duodecim, (5) When they thought that they were at length prepared for this undertaking, they set fire to all their towns, in number about twelve -, (5) to their villages about four hundred -. these men will know; if something more serious will have occured, from you they will demand an explanation, who, if by you it would be allowed, having been joined on the day after tomorrow with the next winter quarters, would endure the common outcome of the war with others, non reiecti et relegati longe ab ceteris aut ferro aut fame intereant." (5) post ēius mortem nihilō minus Helvētiī id quod cōnstituerant facere cōnantur, ut ē fīnibus suīs exeant. At Cotta, qui cogitasset haec posse in itinere accidere atque ob eam causam profectionis auctor non fuisset, nulla in re communi saluti deerat et in appellandis cohortandisque militibus imperatoris et in pugna militis officia praestabat. Brevem consulendi esse occasionem. All three of our classical texts start with a few famous words of Latin. It's not super literal, so if you see something weird feel free to change it. Prima luce sic ex castris proficiscuntur ut quibus esset persuasum non ab hoste sed ab homine amicissimo Ambiorige consilium datum, longissimo agmine maximisque impedimentis. Ex quibus L. Petrosidius aquilifer, cum magna multitudine hostium premeretur. Click anywhere in the line to jump to another position: Contra ea Titurius sero facturos clamitabat, cum maiores manus hostium adiunctis Germanis convenissent aut cum aliquid calamitatis in proximis hibernis esset acceptum. Jump to navigation Jump to search That his own opinion was safe on either side: if there were nothing harsher, and with no danger, they would arrive at the nearest legion; if all of Gaul was conspiring with the Germans, then safety was placed in speed. De bello gallico in English Commentarii de Bello Gallico , also simply Bellum Gallicum , is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative. (6) erant omnīnō itinera duo, quibus itineribus domō exīre possent: (6) There were in all two routes, by which they could go forth from their country. Omnia excogitantur, quare nec sine periculo maneatur et languore militum et vigiliis periculum augeatur. Cotta says that he will not go to an armed enemy and persists in this (opinion). In addition it happened, which was necessary to be done hat the doldiers departed from their flags universally, which things each of them had most dear to them, the hurried to seek and snatch from the baggage train, all things were filled with shouting and with weeping. "nor am I the sort," he says, "who from you by the danger of death am most seriously scared: hi sapient; si gravius quid acciderit, abs te rationem reposcent qui, si per te liceat, perendino die cum proximis hibernis coniuncti communem cum reliquis belli casum sustineant, (5.30.5-8). I copied the English from , because I don't have time to retranslate everything. Facile hac oratione Nerviis persuadet. Even in 1908, Camille Jullian wrote a comprehensive history of Gaul and took Caesar's account as unerring. (4) On the day appointed for the pleading of his cause, Orgetorix drew together from all quarters to the court, all his vassals to the number of ten thousand persons; (4) et omnēs clientēs obaerātōsque suōs, quōrum māgnum numerum habēbat, eōdem condūxit: (4) and led together to the same place all his dependents and debtor-bondsmen, of whom he had a great number; (4) per eōs nē causam dīceret sē ēripuit. Illi aegre ad noctem oppugnationem sustinent; noctu ad unum omnes desperata salute se ipsi interficiunt. Ibi L. Cotta pugnans interficitur cum maxima parte militum. Then indeed according to their custom they proclaim victory and raise a howl and an attack having been made on our men, they throw their ranks into confusion. At dawn they set out from the camp, in a long marching column and with great hindrances, so that they would in such a way that the men convinced were given advice by Ambiorix, not as an enemy, but as a friend. 9.1", "denarius") All Search Options [view abbreviations] Home Collections/Texts Perseus Catalog Research Grants Open Source About Help. (7) He orders the whole Province [to furnish] as great a number of soldiers as possible, as there was in all only one legion in Further Gaul: (7) pōntem quī erat ad Genāvam iubet rescindī. (4) When this scheme was disclosed to the Helvetii by informers, they, according to their custom, compelled Orgetorix to plead his cause in chains; (4) damnātum poenam sequī oportēbat ut īgnī cremārētur. Harper & Brothers. Commentarii de Bello Gallico, also simply Bellum Gallicum, is Julius Caesar's firsthand account of the Gallic Wars, written as a third-person narrative.In it Caesar describes the battles and intrigues that took place in the nine years he spent fighting the Germanic peoples and Celtic peoples in Gaul that opposed Roman conquest. Commentary. They were equals in both courage and in enthusiasm for fighting; our men, although they were deserted by their leader and by fortune, however they placed all their hope of safety in courage, and whenever each cohort had run forth, from this part a large number of enemies was falling. Ab imo pectore - From my chest (Julius Caesar - Frankly - … (7) that they requested, they might be allowed to do so with his consent.". that harm certainly would not be done to him in any way, and to this end he pledges his word. (1) atque ea quae ad effēminandōs animōs pertinent important. (3) Orgetorix is chosen to complete these arrangements. translated by W.A. (4) While the state, incensed at this act, was endeavoring to assert its right by arms. (3) Perfacile factū esse illīs probat cōnāta perficere. (2) for which reason men fond of war [as they were] were affected with great regret. ("Agamemnon", "Hom. (7) and, by as great marches as he can, proceeds to Further Gaul, and arrives at Geneva. It includes all the required Latin and English selections from Caesar’s Commentarii De Bello Gallico: Book 1.1-7; Book 4.24-35 and the first sentence of Chapter 36; Book 5.24-48; Book 6.13; and the English of Books 1, 6, and 7. Julius Caesar begins his series of commentaries with de Bello Gallico and the line "Gallia est omnis divisa in partes tres" which is certainly well known. But Cotta, who had thought these things were able to happen on the journey and because of this cause he had not been the author of the departure, was lacking to the common health in no thing and he preformed the offices of a soldier in the fight and of a general calling and in urging on the soldiers. (4) diē cōnstitūtā causae dictiōnis Orgetorīx ad iūdicium omnem suam familiam ad hominum mīlia decem undique coēgit. (6) This day was the fifth before the kalends of April [i.e. Non hostem auctorem, sed rem spectare: subesse Rhenum; magno esse Germanis dolori Ariovisti mortem et superiores nostras victorias; ardere Galliam tot contumeliis acceptis sub populi Romani imperium redactam superiore gloria rei militaris exstincta. (7) Caesarī cum id nūntiātum esset, eōs per prōvinciam nostram iter facere cōnārī, mātūrat ab urbe proficīscī. This series of annual war commentaries is referred to by various names but is commonly called De bello Gallico in Latin, or The Gallic Wars in English. (1) and they are the nearest to the Germans, who dwell beyond the Rhine, with whom they are continually waging war; (1) Quā dē causā Helvētiī quoque reliquōs Gallōs virtūte praecēdunt, quod ferē cotīdiānīs proeliīs cum Germānīs contendunt, cum aut suīs fīnibus eōs prohibent aut ipsī in eōrum fīnibus bellum gerunt. (3) iūmentōrum et carrōrum quam māximum numerum coëmere, (3) to buy up as great a number as possible of beasts of burden and wagons -. C. Julius Caesar, De bello Gallico T. Rice Holmes, Ed. comprehendunt utrumque et orant ne sua dissensione et pertinacia rem in summum periculum deducant: they clasp the hands of each other and speak, so that they do not bring the affair into great danger by their disagreement and stubborness: facilem esse rem, seu maneant, seu proficiscantur, si modo unum omnes sentiant ac probent; the affair was easy, whether they remain or stay, if only they all though and approverd one thing; contra in dissensione nullam se salutem perspicere. Interim eam partem nudari necesse erat et ab latere aperto tela recipi. (1) Aquitania extends from the river Garonne to the Pyrenaean mountains and to that part of the ocean which is near Spain: it looks between the setting of the sun, and the north star. Meanwhile, it was necessary for that part [of the battle field] by layed bare and spears be received from the open side. Bohn. (1) and merchants least frequently resort to them. Nor did he see the enemy as an authority, but the situation that the Rhine was close; that the death of the Ariovisti and our previous victories were a great grief for the Germans; that Gaul was burning with so many insults having been reduced under the rule of the Roman people, and with the prior glory of their military circumstance having been extinguished. Text and Translation Gallia est omnis divisa in partes tres; unam partem incolunt Belgae, All Gaul is divided into three parts; the Belgians inhabit one part, the Aquitanians aliam Aquitani, tertiam qui ipsorum linguā Celtae, nostrā Galli, (inhabit) another (part), (those) who … Finally, who by means of this would persuade himself without a certain thing that Ambiorix had decided on a plan of this kind? The remaining retreat to the camp from which they had set out. Daily literal translation: Students are required to keep and use a three-ring binder to … McDevitte and W.S. Vocabulary Syntax. Od. (5.30.8-9), and not cast out and removed far from the rest, would they perish either by sword or hunger. But the enemy, after they knew about their departure from the nocturnal noise and wakefulness, with ambushes arranged in the woods in two parts in a favorable and hidden place, they were awaiting the arrival of the Romans about two miles away. (4) by means of those he rescued himself from [the necessity of] pleading his cause. Caesar's commentaries are valuable for those interested in European history, military history, … April., L. Pīsōne, A. Gabīniō cōnsulibus. (7) Prōvinciae tōtī quam māximum potest mīlitum numerum imperat (erat omnīnō in Galliā ūlteriōre legiō ūna). (1) and import those things which tend to effeminate the mind; (1) proximīque sunt Germānīs, quī trāns Rhēnum incolunt, quibuscum continenter bellum gerunt. (2) He, when Marcus Messala and Marcus Piso were consuls, incited by lust of sovereignty, formed a conspiracy among the nobility. Go to Perseus: Gallic War, C. Iuli Caesaris Commentarii rerum in Gallia gestarum VII A. Hirti Commentarius VIII 1 of 4 editions. (1) Belgae ab extrēmīs Galliae fīnibus oriuntur; pertinent ad īnferiōrem partem flūminis Rhēnī; spectant in septentriōnem et orientem sōlem. B. Greenough's edition of 1886, with commentary, is linked here: de bello gallico liber IV (55 B.C.) Do not hestitate to make use of a modern edition in order to understand the grammar of the Latin. Ille cum Cotta saucio communicat, si videatur, pugna ut excedant et cum Ambiorige una colloquantur; He (Sabinus) consults with the wounded Cotta, if it seems advisable that they leave the battle and together speak with Ambiorix; Cotta se ad armatum hostem iturum negat atque in eo perseverat. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1869. (2) They thought, that considering the extent of their population, and their renown for warfare and bravery, they had but narrow limits, although they extended in length 240, and in breadth 180 [Roman] miles. All of this is devised to show why they could not stay without danger, and how danger would be increased by the soldiers' weakness and wakefulness. The rest of the night is consumed by wakefulness, while every soldier was looking for what he was able to carry with him, and what he would be compelled to leave out of the apparatus of the winter-quarters. (5.29.8-12). mōribus suīs Orgetorīgem ex vinculīs causam dīcere coēgērunt. At hostes, posteaquam ex nocturno fremitu vigilisque de prefectione eorum senserunt, collocatis insidiis bipertito in silvis opportuno atque occulto loco a milibus passum circiter duobus Romanorum adventum exspectabant. Moved by these things, Titurius (Sabinus), when he had caught sight of Ambiorix in the distance encouraging his men. W. S. Bohn. Caesar de bello Gallico. (7) quī dīcerent sibi esse in animō sine ūllō maleficiō iter per prōvinciam facere, proptereā quod aliud iter habērent nūllum: (7) to say "that it was their intention to march through the Province without doing any harm, because they had" [according to their own representations,] "no other route: (7) rogāre ut ēius voluntāte id sibi facere liceat. (6) From this town a bridge extends to the Helvetii. Qua re animadversa Ambiorix pronuntiari iubet, ut procul tela coniciant neu propius accedant et, quam in partem Romani impetum fecerint, cedant (. (7) When the Helvetii are apprized of his arrival they send to him, as embassadors, the most illustrious men of their state (in which embassy Numeius and Verudoctius held the chief place). (5.29.13-17). Caesarem arbitrari profectum in Italiam; neque aliter Carnutes interficiendi Tasgeti consilium fuisse capturos, neque Eburones, si ille adesset, tanta contemptione nostri ad castra venturos esse. In it Caesar describes the battles and intrigues that took place in the nine years he spent fighting the Germanic peoples and Celtic peoples in Gaul that opposed Roman conquest. (2) Among the Helvetii, Orgetorix was by far the most distinguished and wealthy. Quod consilium etsi in eiusmodi casu reprehendendum non est, tamen incommode accidit: Which plan, although it is not to be blamed in a misfortune of this kind, it happened however unfortunately: for it both lessened the hope for our soldiers and made the enemies more eager for the fight, because it seemed to have been done not without the highest fear desperation. (1) All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae inhabit, the Aquitani another, the third those who in their own language are called Celts, in ours, Gauls. Ille appellatus respondit: si velit secum colloqui, licere; He, having been addressed, responded: if he (Sabinus) wishes to speak with him, it is allowed; sperare a multitudine impetrari posse, quod ad militum salutem pertineat; he hopes that what pertains to the safety of the (Roman) soldiers can be obtained from the multitude; ipsi vero nihil nocitum iri, inque eam rem se suam fidem interponere. Hac in utramque partem disputatione habita, cum a Cotta primisque ordinibus acriter resisteretur, 'Vincite,' inquit, 'si ita vultis,' Sabinus, et id clariore voce, ut magna pars militum exaudiret; (5.30.1-4). Commentarii de bello Gallico. (3) Is sibi lēgātiōnem ad cīvitātēs suscēpit. De Bello Gallico contains eight books with each book covering, more or less, one year of Caesar's campaigns in Gaul (modern France) and southern Britain. [19--? This is all the Latin and English for DBG 1.1-7. Ex instrumento hibernorum relinquere cogeretur Messālā et M. 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