It comes in silver and many kit options at Adorama, at Amazon, at B&H and at Crutchfield. Meaning, if parts of the scene are super-bright and washed out, it will underexpose the scene to keep the bright areas from appearing pure white. This then makes the dr200% file look 1 stop underexposed and the dr400% file will be underexposed by stops. maybe I am a bit dull here….but this seems a bit complicated and takes joy out of capturing the images. Yeah so if you’re in manual ISO the camera won’t override that ISO to give you a higher DR. The Fujifilm X-T3 is a mirrorless interchangeable-lens digital camera announced on September 6, 2018. Subscribe to learn even more about your Fujifilm via email. D Range Optimizer in AUTO does add Highlight and Shadow adjustments … not just DR changes. Any other Base Characteristics Curve ignores it an there’s no way to just apply the DR setting. Yes, I thought only the X-T3 and 30 offered D Range Priority? But to hear some people talk about it – they get very excited. Every camera manufacturer has one – it’s known as DRO in Sony cameras, ALO (Auto Lighting Optimizer) in Canon cameras, Active D-Lighting in Nikon, and simply Dynamic Range (D-Rng) in Fujifilm cameras. Hi Russell, I’m on the road for a few weeks and that’s quite a monumental task to go through the dozens of RAW converters out there. In a recent video from Kinotika, Zach Mayfield discusses the differences between the Fujifilm X-T3 and the X-T4. if you reply…..so what is the advantage of using DR when capturing in RAW, in M or using EC with A or S priority exposure mode. But the thing is, the whole point of the DR200% mode is to preserve highlights that have been blowed in my first picture at DR100%. In most cases, you should expose for the shadows (“to the right”) when using D-Rng. As the third iteration of the X-T series cameras, the Fuji X-T3 is the most advanced and refined camera. The predecessor X-T2 also showed a peak in dynamic range at ISO 1600, and slightly better (10.3 f-stops). It seems it’s not applicable for scene with fast moving objects. But I wonder what I should be shooting at when taking street shots and do not have the time to make these adjustments ‘on the fly’. The Canon EOS R also does well. Dynamic range. Some high contrast scenes are to high to capture all w/o going to HDR. Some RAW converters will apply the DR settings written to the metadata while others will not. Price: $500; The Cameras with the Best Dynamic Range at Base ISO #1 Leica CL. When you save it as a high quality TIFF, it’s still 8bit, All exposed the same, to protect the highlights, All exposed the same, 2-stops to the right (like we do with S-LOG 2 on Sony’s cameras), 10bit HDMI clips from EOS R and Nikon Z7 N-LOG (as N-LOG is HDMI only). Post-processing programs will always have more capabilities than what the camera can do, but sometimes what the camera can do is more than adequate for many photographers. Does dual native ISO on the Panasonic S5 beat the Sony A7S III in low light? First, you say: «The RAW file is underexposed by either one (DR200%) or two (DR400%) stops. The post as a whole is well researched and well written! And, it looks like ISO Auto is not the way to go. It’s important to have a basic, simple understanding of how D-Rng works in order to use it properly. These tests can have a lot of variables. I saw a video in YouTube that someone was using AE Bracketing and the output is great but I have concern. I forgot to change the DR setting from auto to 100 and wondered why my rafs have a ISO 320. I’ve used numerous RAW converters that present the RAW file differently based on the in-camera D-Rng setting. S-LOG 2 for example has less banding than S-lOG 3 in 8bit. #23 Fujifilm X-T100. Highlights are darkened, shadows are darkened even more.», «The RAW file is the RAW file, as read out by the sensor before processing. You’re welcome! Sporting a fast quad-core processor capable of recording high-quality 4K videos, a high-resolution 26.1 MP APS-C X-Trans BSI CMOS sensor, a fast and accurate autofocus system, and superb ergonomics, the X-T3 has become a very popular camera among photographers. RAW is electronic information (maybe a better term out there) written to the sensor. I should be getting an underexposed RAW file right ? He laughed at me and said “the RAW file is the RAW file, the dynamic range isn’t affected,” like I was some kind of idiot for asking the question. Price: $3,995 # 2 Canon EOS M50. Since my Fujifilm X-T30 arrived last week, I have been trying out all of the different new features, and over the coming days I will be sharing with you my findings. May I just need to practice a lot more. The Nikon Z7 seems to lock the exposure during 10bit HDMI recording (although not in HDMI standby mode) and it seemed a little buggy. The Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K unboxed and first impressions – Best indie RAW camera yet? 16 million colours is a very wide colour gamut. The Fujifilm X-T200 is a viable entry-level option that makes us wonder if the extra $300 for the popular enthusiast-level X-T30 is worthwhile. Yes, just the problem for many photographers is that the RAW processors that do apply the processing don’t really advertise that they’re doing it, and there’s no way to make direct inputs to how the gain is applied in post. At one point I noticed a shimmering and flickering in the blacks. The camera's 'DR' modes make it easy to exploit up to 2EV more of this dynamic range… The brightest area of the image is the synth lit by the Icelight 2 and the bulb in the left-side box. The X-T3 is capable of recording video in 4K resolution up to 60 fps. People advocate this with Expose To The Left. Thanks, John, for this and some other interesting pieces you have written on the Fuji settings for optimising dynamic range. Right now, the biggest difference is the price point. So the raw file is still the same, it just has digital gain applied in software. Sample Images Intro Specifications Accessories Performance Compared User's Guide Recommendations More Fujifilm X-T3 (APS-C, 18.8 oz./534g with battery and card, two SD slots, about $1,299). Read the Leica CL review. DR400 is a little too flat for me – I prefer more contrast. The FUJIFILM X-T3 features a 3.69-million-dot high resolution EVF with a high magnification ratio of 0.75x. Nikon facing serious crisis in chipmaking – as well as camera business, Pro camcorder ergonomics are overdue a big change. It affects your in-camera histogram that you might be using to calculate your RAW exposure, and some RAW converters will read the DR setting written to the RAW file. With the Film Simulation modes and these additional tonal adjustments you can create in-camera JPEGs which are very close to an optimum raw file conversion. Let's explore what these setting are and what it means for your pictures. Key takeaways: The X-T3 shows excellent dynamic range, with a 1/3EV improvement over its predecessor. the one that is fine for the shadows). As I understand it, and that’s not claiming much, the lower the ISO the better the dynamic range. I’ve taken pictures in high-contrast forests, protecting the highlights, and then pushing dark areas of the photo up a few stops, going from what I thought was pitch black to bright greens. Download an original 700MB file at Vimeo (Plus or Pro membership required). Please note that these photos use Lightroom to simulate DR400 processing, to illustrate the steps that the camera processor takes. Dynamic range is still good on the X-T3, it hasn’t changed much from the X-T2, just better at ISO 160, but nothing you would notice in most situations. Something I do not understand : let’s say I only use manual ISO on a bright day and the value is set at ISO 160, do you confirm that the DRange AUTO will not work ? How Accurate are Fujifilm’s Film Simulations? I assume the simple process would be to set a desired shutter and aperture, leave the ISO in Auto, and use the exposure compensation dial to knock it down. The process can be equated to decreasing the Exposure slider and increasing the Shadow slider in Photoshop, Lightroom, Capture One, and many other photo processing programs. I’m a Big Fan of DRP, and push it all of the time, especially when I see landscapes with burned out Sun areas! Hi Richard, thanks for the feedback. I can tell you that with both Lightroom Classic and Lightroom CC, the DR settings are applied (without any ability for you to control it) whenever you use the “AUTO” global correction, which some people enable upon import. It’s an immediate solution to dealing with a high-contrast scene, and it does work well in many situations. Fuji Dynamic Range in Lightroom and Capture One, http://fujifilm-dsc.com/en/manual/x-t30/menu_shooting/image_quality_setting/index.html#dynamic_range, Fujifilm Tethering Workarounds for Lightroom Classic and Capture One, Kneecapped by the Mythical Fear of High ISO Noise. Dynamic Range Priority is a completely different setting found only in the X-H1 and X-T3/30. I actually didn’t bring up Dynamic Range Priority at all in this article. This is the image that reaches the sensor, with the aperture, shutter, and ISO settings that are set on the camera. S-LOG 3 offers a good example of that. BTW do you happen to know Martin Gollery in Tahoe…https://www.facebook.com/marty.gollery. It is weather-resistant, has a backside-illuminated X-Trans CMOS 4 APS-C sensor and an X-Processor 4 quad core processor. Internally to XQD card you have to use the Flat profile. use more conventional sensors with a single photosite per pixel position. In LOG two shades of similar brightness and colour are being squeezed closer and closer together. Using the histogram to expose by so you protect your shadows/highlight? Sorry, I see contradiction in this article. Now, by increasing the ISO from 200 to 800 the „original“ exposure (for the shadows) would no longer be 1/125 but 1/500. Adventures with the donut lens – Xenon 17mm F0.95. It is NOT the same as colour gamut. I found no shortcoming with V-LOG on the GH5S at all by comparison, but with the X-T3 in DaVinci Resolve with H.265 I found the highlights to clip a bit sooner and the blacks crush more. Some will start the blacks up around 16 or even 35 on the 8bit 256 RGB range. I'd also get it at Adorama, at Amazon or at Crutchfield. X-T3 + XF10-24mmF4 R OIS @ 16.6mm, ISO 160, 1/10, f/8.0 ISO Performance and Dynamic Range. In an extremely high-contrast scene like this, I would prefer to process it in a RAW converter. Happy shooting! Now adjust your exposure until the highlights come off of the right wall. For the cameras that don’t shoot 10bit internally, I took the fight outside! 3. The dr200% raw file is digitally pushed by 2 stop in most raw software. If this is right, it is never really possible, once you shot a picture at DR200%, to really undo that and go back to the exposure that would have been obtained by shooting at DR100%…. Finally yes bit-depth does matter a bit but usually I can’t tell the difference. I do capture RAW+jpg and the reasons are so I can view at 100% when reviewing and having a RAW backup in case of card failure. It’s unfortunate that their names are so similar because that adds confusion. 6000 x 4000 Sensor photo detectors (Mpix) 24 : Sensor size (mm) 15.6 x 23.6 : Color filter array: New 6x6 RGB : Pixel pitch (µm) Bits per pixel : Focal length multiplier: 1.53 : Aspect Ratio: 3:2 : ISO latitude 100 - 51200 : Shutter type: Electronic/Mechanical : Fastest - Slowest speed (s) 1/32000 - … The A6600 features 5-axis stabilisation just like its predecessor the A6500. Just choose which one is more important to you (shadows or highlights) and expose for that. Photoshop opens all your RAW photos files by default in 8bit format. You think you’re looking at a 14bit RAW photo but it’s 8bit! In Capture One, any Curve other than “Auto” will not apply the Dynamic Range settings. The camera processor then “pushes” the exposure back up to where it should have been, but minimizes the push in the highlights area. So am I correct to assume that, by switching from DR100% to DR200%, the exposure (only the aperture/speed parameters) of my RAW file will be affected ? An image should be exposed as the camera sensor and LOG profile prefers. On the Nikon Z7 they made sure we saw a difference. Some raw software does not apply the gain. Is DR100 the reference to your ‘high contrast’ comment? Fujifilm X cameras, including the X100F that I own, have three Dynamic Range settings: DR100, DR200 and DR400. I don’t know Martin personally, but most people in Tahoe know of him! In these cases where you want the most dynamic range out of a high-contrast scene in just a single photo, then yes, exposing to the left is, at least with Fujifilm cameras, a great way to do it. Feel free to grade it yourself and to pixel peep the shadows. Hell, I can’t even see that. 10bit can help to avoid that. Have a great trip to Africa! As for the ISO values, those are new with the latest generation of cameras and I’ve made a note of it. Apple M1 crushes Intel – beats $6000 Mac Pro 2019 and 10 core Intel i9 MacBook Pro 16″, Down the rabbit hole – View the YouTube front page as others do, Shooter's Guides / LUTs / Colour Profiles, Up to 16 million colours on screen at once. Sample Images Introduction Specifications Accessories Unboxing Performance Compared User's Guide Recommendations More Fujifilm X-Pro3 (17.4 oz./494g with battery and one SD card, has two SD slots, $1,799 in black as shown here or $1,999 in optional Duratect "Dura" black or $1,999 in optional Duratect "Dura" silver) and XF 35mm f/2 WR. This camera has to compete with a range of cameras that not just have internal 10bit codecs – they are less than half the price. This new feature first appeared on the X-H1, then the X-T3, and now the X-T30. It’s now included in newer Fujifilm cameras like the X-T3, X-T30, X-Pro3, X100V, and X-T4. If a processing program’s one-click image recover tool can normalise the exposure, then I assume you get a pretty good result having used your desired shutter speed and aperture and letting the supposedly invariant sensor with its low noise bear the brunt. I am finally getting my Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K next week after finding one in stock in Berlin. No one looking at your photos is going to notice an increase in noise from 160 to 320. From first looks with DPreview comparing the X-T2 to the X-T3, there was a pretty significant difference in the low light performance. Is this correct or do I miss something here? It was always going to be hard for Fujifilm to follow a well-reviewed camera like like the X-T3, especially when rumor sites have been creating unrealistic expectations. Does that sound right and make sense as a simple approach likely to extend dynamic range without unnecessary noise? I love the Canon LOG profile. So if you’re only capturing RAW, using a high DR setting can help give you an idea of how much you’ll be able to recover in post-processing. We’re going to look at all the visible dynamic range in each file. Other things matter more, like overall codec performance and compression. I’ve been blown away with the “ISO invariant” sensor. With RAW you’re manipulating the sensor data directly – you become the image processor. If one or two stops of aperture or shutter speed change matter that much to your creative intent, you can try offsetting it by adjusting your “other” variable (stopping down your aperture to regain a slower shutter speed, etc). So no, it doesn’t affect the RAW file, but yes, it can affect how the RAW converter processes the file, depending on the converter. Start with DR100%, which turns the dynamic range optimizations off. Just to confirm. Try it in Photoshop with a photo – you’ll be surprised how far that measly 256 colours get you (and that’s the entire gamut). The Sony A7 III S-LOG 2 is pretty impressive. Download at Vimeo (Plus or Pro membership required). However, the DR settings are written to the metadata and some RAW converters apply this setting automatically. I’m perfectly happy using DR AUTO, letting the camera decide between Off and DR200. If your habit is to always shoot at a low ISO with a histogram bunched up on the left, planning to push it in post-processing, you’re not giving LR/PS much data to work with. The short answer is that they do process them differently depending on which base characteristics & profiles you’re using in each RAW converter. 100 fps ensure smooth display of motions, allowing you to precisely identify subject movements and focus positions. Thanks. Photoshop doesn’t enable it at all. For those cameras that don’t shoot 10bit at all (*cough* A7 III) I didn’t bother with the HDMI output. Well, I now have a little better understanding. Boasting a resolution of 26.1MP, the sensor uses a unique color filter array, synonymous to X-Trans CMOS sensors, to control moire and false color without the use of an optical low-pass filter. Fujifilm Dynamic Range uses only one single photo and is a much simpler process. You can kind of change the D-Rng setting using the Q button in playback mode. Borderline broken, I would say. I am heading to Africa this summer for a Christian mission project as the principal photographer so i might dig deeper into your suggestions. I just called Fuji tech in NJ to ask if DRO has ANY effect on RAW files…the answer is NO. I’ve been using D Range Optimizer lately with my XT3 … often with the Velvia sim. Thanks. We investigate. May 2019: feedback about firmware 3.0 (improved face and eye detection) for the X-T3 and firmware 3.0 for the A7 III (EyeAF for animals) 2. If this is correct then one could say that using the DR funtion does not come totally for free but at the cost of a faster shutter speed, which in some cases could be an unwanted side effect, but again, I‘m not sure if my understanding is correct. “Most” articles recommend not to use these settings because “most” articles assume that people are shooting in RAW. Read the Fujifilm X-T100 review. You could always stop down to compensate, if possible. The FUJIFILM X-T3’s 10bit color depth has 64 times the color information versus an 8bit depth system. The highlights are an interesting area to look at on this test. The RAW file is underexposed by either one (DR200%) or two (DR400%) stops. I’ve done some more testing with every RAW converter I can find and have found that some apply the settings and some don’t. Do you think if you give such programs a Fuji RAF file that has been exposed normally as determined by the camera that these programs will have enough latitude within the raw file that they produce similar or better results automatically? Revolving around a newly developed image sensor and processor, both high-resolution stills and 4K video can be recorded while an apt autofocus system delivers quick and … *Edit – this answer appears to be based on the RAW converter. DR400 can look a little flat for me at times, so experiment with it to see if it matches your taste. Use code "blog20" at checkout for a reader-only 20% discount! Onto an external recorder. And without much noise at all. The new camera is making the cover of many websites, magazines and blogs. ISO 160 showed a dynamic range of 9.1 f-stops, and ISO 3200 also measured over 9, at 9.5 f-stops. Get more Fujifilm tips, inspiration, and discounts on upcoming courses delivered to your email.Click here to subscribe. Thanks in advance. But I got DR 200 to work! The Fuji X-T3, Panasonic GH5, GH5S and Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4K. Some have mentioned I should just leave DR set to 200 as 100 is basically no change. You can only get your camera’s D-Rng setting applied if you hit “Auto” for the tonal adjustments. Highlights are darkened, shadows are darkened even more. That would make things easier. That’s despite XQD cards being capable of 500MB/s write speeds, enough for uncompressed 4K RAW. You can’t apply the camera’s D-Rng setting manually. This is a good way to get some blue back in an otherwise bright sky, for example. But the metadata written to the file affects how different RAW converters treat the file when they process it. Some of the less extreme LOG profiles like Canon LOG or even a “normal” Flat profiles work fine in 8bit. The X-T3 isn't going to touch the 850 in dynamic range or noise, but it's a fantastic camera that's fun to use and has excellent IQ (provided you get your exposure pretty tight). The photographic result doesn’t degrade by the margin implied by the numbers. My answer now is “both,” and it all depends on the RAW converter you use. I was wondering if you have an opinion on trying to optimise your dynamic range in-camera versus using features such as auto adjustments, magic wand, AI tool, etc, that various processing programs now offer. It seems to be something of a tricky subject. Capture One is the same – when you have AUTO in the Base Characteristics, it applies the DR setting. Electronic shutter imposes a slight cost in DR at low ISOs and in visible noise at higher ISOs. If you’re counting nine clicks – which is three stops – the scene has too much contrast to properly expose both highlights and shadows. In this case, I would then have to set the DR to 400% and the ISO to at least 800, and the photo shall be taken at the original exposure (i.e. It CAN be too flat sometimes, but it’s easier to add Contrast and Black in post then take it away. But for those who really want to take advantage of this feature, I hope this article helps. This 100% all-content, junk-free website's biggest source of support is when you use those or any of these links to my personally-approved source… LOG tries to give you that freedom as well, but you are pulling around data that has already been processed and compressed into a smaller dynamic range. D-Rng isn’t intended to fix all contrasty scenes, but you should be familiar with this great tool when shooting Fujifilm X cameras! Finally, how’s your grading expertise? I decided to give you the images straight… No grading, otherwise this would end up being a review of Andrew Reid’s grading skills and not the real camera performance. The FUJIFILM X-T3 features a newly-developed back-illuminated X-Trans CMOS 4 sensor, the fourth generation to feature in the X Series. So when the camera is going to switch to DR200% ISO 400, my speed should also be increased (to lower my exposure, preserve my highlights and apply the ISO 400 only to the darker parts afterwards). Because the ISO output is lowered, you’ll need a higher ISO when using Fujifilm’s Dynamic Range. Delivers 13.6 stops of dynamic range. 100fps* ensure smooth display and allows you to precisely identify subject movements … Yeah there’s definitely something to be said about just trying all the settings out for yourself and seeing how they work with your own genres and styles, rather than relying on test shots from other people. That’s a little hard to believe. Even on the now-ancient X-T1. It is a much more complex process to merge dark, bright, and middle exposures to come up with one final photo with low contrast and increased tonal range. Really, I’d say all the cameras give VERY similar dynamic range when shooting in the real world. When pixel peeping the resolution of the EOS R file it falls short but it’s 4K so when viewed normally it will be more than enough detailed. In the range of ISO 160 to 800 I think it’s not a big deal because of iso invariance. There just seems to be more information in there to bring out. It’s always left me puzzled and I have mostly seen articles where it’s suggested not to use the DR settings. Image stabilisation. . Sorry for the confusion, the final RAW file written to your memory card – the actual light & color value of the pixels recorded – doesn’t change. But then you have to be careful with how your RAW converter treats the file. Thus, they don't perform Dynamic Range changes. You can see the internal Nikon flat profile has quite a bit more contrast than real LOG… And less dynamic range, but it is easier to grade. How does the Fuji X-T3 compare in F-LOG at 10bit internally? You can use the Highlight and Shadow tones options for further curve adjustments. I don’t intend to bother you but the subject is actually extremely interesting and I really appreciated your detailed and documented explainations and would love to have your point of view on this : In my understanding, DR modes affect the RAW because the exposure (speed/aperture, ISO excluded) should not be the same at DR100% and DR 200% : lets say I shoot 2 pictures with the following settings : Aperture fixed at f/t2, auto speed, auto ISO : -First picture shot at ISO 200, DR100%: I manage to get a correct exposure (no exposure to the right at all, just an average exposure to get good shadows and not to blown highlights), I am getting a correctly exposed RAW file. However, the DR settings are written to the metadata and some RAW converters apply this setting automatically.». You can get it in all three colors at those links; just click the opt… I'd get mine at Adorama, at Amazon, at B&H, at Crutchfield or at eBay if you know How to Win at eBay. Regular “Dynamic Range” doesn’t touch the Highlight & Shadow settings, only “Dynamic Range Priority” does. Yes, I think DR100 should really just be called DR OFF. I didn’t see whether the author mentioned that D Range Priority, in Auto, adds the separate Highlight and Shadow controls to the mix. It uses the Fujifilm X-mount.. Fujifilm X-T3 : Tests and Reviews Specifications COMPARISON SELECTION (3 selected items max.) -I then decide to switch to DR200% : my ISO is bumped up to ISO400, and as I understand it, my RAW file will still be shot at ISO200, only the darker parts will be affected during the processing of the RAW file (and pushed to ISO400). Hi John and thanks for the usefull information. I do not shoot in .jpg or simulations unless who I shoot for asks me to…..so it has no value to me. It is fairly complicated and is definitely more along the lines of “personal style” and taste. . With the wide dynamic range of 400% (approx. These adjustments are burned into the JPEG file. The RAW file is the raw data from the sensor. No. If you go into the main menu and select “BKT/Adv. The first step in optimizing D-Rng is knowing which setting you should use. Might be fixable… will need to test more. March 2019: added feedback and example about the Enhance Details function of Lightroom Classic CC 3. The X-T3 and GH5S are closest to S-LOG 2 in the overall look. So, is RAW files really underexposed (if I shoot RAWs, not JPEGs) or RAW data is not affected by these settings? The other options are to use Affinity Photo, Capture One Express Fujifilm, or RAW Therapee, all of which do a great job processing X-Trans files. These are 1:1 crops of the 10bit and 8bit 4K side by side from the EOS R. 8bit JPEG 16m colours vs GIF. It’s not, however, as powerful as those sliders. When shooting in standard (Rec.709) color profiles in 10-bit, the camera went down to 10 stops of dynamic range. The RAW file is the RAW file, as read out by the sensor before processing. Are you referring to the new Dynamic Range Priority setting available in the X-T3 & 30? The display time lag of just 0.005 seconds and refresh rate of approx. Cheers. “Does D-Rng affect the RAW file? The FUJIFILM X-T3 features a 3.69-million-dot high resolution EVF with a high magnification ratio of 0.75x. You didn’t mention that in Auto, DRP adds the separate Highlight and Shadow controls to the mix. The darkest area is the C500 on the left and the Pink Floyd album cover in the box on the right. The cameras in this test seem to take quite a varying approach to their 4K LOG images. Designed for videographers and action photographers alike, the black Fujifilm X-T3 is a versatile mirrorless camera characterized by its high-speed performance, more-than-capable imaging, and multimedia flexibility. 🙂 But this should not hide what the camera is doing in the original file. But I saw a big difference in details with ISO 320 in portrait details together with the 56mm. If DR200 appeared too flat for you (unlikely), you can pull it down to DR100 in the Q menu. The Blackmagic offers the strongest codec of the lot because of RAW. You can download the original shootout file at a high bitrate from Vimeo (provided they don’t DMCA me) whilst it lasts. Your RAW converter may or may not read the camera settings metadata and apply corrections on import. The Canon EOS R rather more wisely does offer C-LOG internally but the 10bit is externally only – I failed to tell any difference in the image! 1. Delivers 13.4 stops of dynamic range. bigger. And this is why I love mirrorless cameras with a histogram in the viewfinder. Thanks for the reply, John. It … Nikon have avoided any serious moire and the aliasing is only just visible when pixel peeping – in normal viewing situation it vanishes. Shooting F-log in 10-bit, the X-T4 can capture 14 stops of dynamic range. Check the official manual from fuji or try it for yourself with the setting: http://fujifilm-dsc.com/en/manual/x-t30/menu_shooting/image_quality_setting/index.html#dynamic_range. It reduces the exposure in the bright areas and spits out a JPG with preserved highlights – to a point. Hello Viktor, I’m sorry but I’ve been too busy to run some experiments for you to illustrate this. 1. Dynamic Range The dynamic range of the X-T3 is decent, with the maximum measured at ISO 1600 (9.7 f-stops). Regular “Dynamic Range” doesn’t touch the Highlight & Shadow settings, only “Dynamic Range Priority” does. Dynamic Range Priority was first introduced in the X-H1. Can the new X-T4 improve on what was already an outstanding camera? The highlights will probably be stacked up to the right. The end result in terms of colour and how easy it is to grade matters more for me, and that is the subject of another test. Then adjust your exposure until the bulk of the shadows are in the left 1/3 to 1/4 of the histogram, not stacked up on the left wall. But if you’re processing a RAW file, you’re probably better off doing all of this using other tools like Highlight and Shadow. Compared to the Fuji X-T2, the X-T3 produces slightly superior results in terms of ISO performance (at identical print size), because it is a back-illuminated (BSI) sensor. The differences are subtle, so I’ve included the histograms. Unfortunately, you cannot bump the dynamic range up, only down. Hope that helps! Beware how you have your Import settings in these programs. I’d rather do that than bracketing for blending later on. * Thank you, I had actually received that information from someone who has worked with (not at) Fuji for years because the manual doesn’t specifically mention the RAW readout. If you are shooting with a standard picture profile straight out of camera – 8bit is enough. However, remember that the right side of the histogram contains more tonal information than the left side. This tactic gives a creamy look to the files, preventing detail in the very darkest areas of the picture crushing to black and falling victim to heavier H.264 or H.265 compression down low. For over a year I’ve said “no.”  I recently changed that to “yes” after a reader pointed out something else. But if you don’t mess around with RAW files, or if you need a photo straight out of camera now, D-Rng is great for high-contrast scenes. The dr400% raw file is digitally pushed by 2 stops in most raw software. If you want some more evenly toned photos, you could just leave both DR and ISO in Auto. Much nicer there than S-LOG and F-LOG pre-grade. These settings are mostly for people who don’t want to mess around with post-processing. But there is no slider or adjustment to let you know that this happened. Delivers 8.8 stops of dynamic range at ISO 6400. Pay attention to these areas of the frame. As a bonus feature, you can also see which camera delivers the most resolution on the chart in the centre of the shot. The Dynamic Range setting is not the same as Dynamic Range Priority found in the X-H1 and X-T3/30. So no, the RAW file isn’t affected, but how the RAW converter processes the file will vary. So, using “DRO” I can completely concentrate on subject matter and timing, knowing I’m Safe. Finally, go back to your original exposure (do the clicky thing in the opposite direction), and then set DR200% or DR400%. The Nikon Z7 Flat profile sadly gives away quite a lot of dynamic range to the others. I’d rather have Canon LOG internally. This has an impact on the bitrate needed to support each frame (lower in IPB, while ALL-I needs to be higher to maintain image quality) and the motion cadence. The jpg had digital gain applied in the hardware of the camera. The underexposure refers to how the in-camera JPG is made. This histogram has some dark shadows but still contains plenty of data. HDR – High Dynamic Range – blends multiple photos of different exposures. The problem for shooting that way I assume is that the image would appear dark in the viewfinder, but Fuji has a setting that lets you view images clearly without seeing the exposure imposed, so you could have the advantage of visible images and put your trust in recovering the exposure. You could also create some custom modes for different looks/shooting conditions. Just following up a bit more on my question if you get time and have interest in answering it, I was wanting to add to the mix the issue of Fuji’s ISO invariant sensor. If you like high contrast then you don’t need it at all. Then the type of compression also matters a lot – ALL-I with every frame stored individually or IPB where only key-frames are stored individual every X number of synthesised frames. The Fujifilm X-T4 is the successor to the very popular X-T3, which was released in 2018, principally adding in-body image stabilisation, greatly improved battery life, a quicker and quieter mechanical shutter, enhanced continuous AF and a number of design tweaks. In 8bit LOG recordings you sometimes see false colour banding in an area like a blue sky which has a large spread of very similar shades of one colour. I would suggest comparing some photos with different DR settings, importing them into each program with different profiles & base characteristics to see what the differences are for each. The display time lag of just 0.005 seconds and refresh rate of approx. How would you address this scenario? D-Rng adjusts the exposure in an attempt to protect the highlights. It’s easiest to see how Fujifilm Dynamic Range works by looking at photos. I prefer the Canon LOG approach, because you can’t pull out trash in the shadows – it is nice and smooth. All I meant by saying “the RAW file isn’t affected” is that there’s no special processing applied. All the questions and more I set out to answer here…. The internal codecs were set to their highest quality offered by each model… they range quite a bit on the codec side from a mammoth 10bit ALL-I 400Mbit H265 on the X-T3 to just 8bit IPB 100Mbit on the Sony A7 III. Bitrate matters more than bit-depth as anyone who has shot 4K at a measly 60Mbit on a Mavic Pro will tell you. Hi! I’d give the highlight retention award to the A7 III…Yet the EOS R has the nicer overall result for me. Two stops (six clicks) – use DR400%. Canon LOG, Panasonic V-LOG and Nikon N-LOG take this approach whereas the Fuji X-T3 in F-LOG and Sony A7 III in S-LOG 2 appear to let the shadows crush a bit more and there’s more noise down there. The independent voice on cameras for filmmakers and photographers, by Andrew Reid. The Nikon Z7 and EOS R are only 10bit over HDMI and the Z7 only shoots N-LOG this way. VIEW COMPARISON ADD MORE. A rather important detail. They can blend into one shade especially with heavy compression on top. For the record I am very good at grading and matching the look between different cameras!! If I’m in high-contrast lighting and want DR Auto to work, I’ll just bump up my ISO to 320. Read this post for the differences between Dynamic Range and Dynamic Range Priority. And it meets OP's needs for a smaller / lighter travel camera. You can also bracket the D-Rng settings. In a GIF the ENTIRE PALETTE is just 256 colours instead of the 16 million an 8bit JPEG gives you. bigger. Switch the drive mode into BKT and hold down the shutter. Codecs prioritise brighter and more detailed areas of the image. Look what it does to Kate Bush 🙂. SETTING”, then “BKT SELECT”, choose “DYNAMIC RANGE BKT”. 09/07/2016 By Mathieu 15 Comments. Bit depth is NOT the be and end of all of codec quality. A lot of it depends on how you have yours set up. Unless you’re in the brightest of scenes, the camera will use an ISO setting that will give you either DR200 or 400. Hi John, first of all thank you for this explanation. Hello everyone,Today in this video I am going to talk about the dynamic range setting on Fujifilm X-T2. It doesn’t look as good as a JPEG obviously – but it proves my point – can we really tell a significant difference between 16 million colours (8bit) and 1 billion (10bit)? Is there a step up from the Canon EOS R when you record 10bit externally? RAW I think is well understood, as even the most basic photography gives people a lot of prior experience of JPEG vs RAW, but when it comes to the merits of 8bit and 10bit video there’s a LOT of confusion. There has been a lot of discussion around the Fujifilm X-T2 vs the Fujifilm X-T3 regarding low light performance and dynamic range. I just leave it in Auto for my JPGs, which I keep as RAW backups and for sending out on-the-fly. If you’re using another RAW converter, all I can say is experiment with it. They’ll look exactly the same if no DR settings are applied, and different when the DR setting is applied. So whatever lobbying from the external recorder companies went on there, Nikon have shot themselves in the foot and they’d be wise to unlock *at the very least* 8bit N-LOG internally, because the Flat profile puts it last in the test for dynamic range. It is the successor to 2016's Fujifilm X-T2. I “normally” do not do anything with the .jpg unless I send one from the camera to a friend who wants it for some reason. But the RAW file itself is as the sensor captured it, not what the processor did to it.”, That’s wrong. If that’s what you’re doing, then yes you’re not getting much out of these settings other than seeing a “flatter” histogram in your viewfinder. When shooting F-log in 8-bit, it loses one-stop for 13 stops of dynamic range. There are other cameras which start the blacks where the mids should be yet still have a ton of shadow noise, like the Leica SL and these are completely crazy. Count the clicks – no matter which method you’re using to adjust exposure (shutter, ISO, aperture, or EV dial), each click is 1/3 stop with standard Fujifilm settings. If you’re at ISO160 and DR Auto, all you’ll get is DR 100. The X-T3 and A7 III seem to compress a wider colour gamut into the file, which makes them harder to grade but very luminous colours (like neon blue lights) don’t clip as easily. Today I will discuss D-Range Priority. That’s right, when you increase the ISO to get a higher DR setting, then the shutter speed (when in Aperture Priority) will increase by the same amount of stops. Only expose to the left when you really need to protect the highlights. Or will it override the ISO value that I set to put it at ISO 400 ? The idea of the scene is to give a wide spread of brightness. Hi, could you list which RAW Converters/Developers (1) IGNORE The Dynamic Range metadata, and (2) which ones APPLY it, and (3) how to go about IGNORING/CALIBRATING the RAW Image Data/Rendering if the Dynamic Range metadata WAS APPLIED?
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