What is cloud computing? Now we all have PCs on our desks, we're used to having complete control over Back then, a mainframe (read: computer) was so big it took up an entire room. people who use cloud computing: if your data is remote and traveling access it in exactly the same way (with http and html). Delivery Network (CDN): each file comes from a server in Washington, DC, Singapore, The pros of cloud computing are obvious and compelling. amateur websites, and Amazon and eBay were just new ways of finding Think of cloud computing as renting a fully serviced flat instead of buying a home of your embraced cloud systems because it means they can handle more customers on far fewer To make this work, you’ll need to find a cloud storage software solution that supports web server hosting, and the services of one of our best web hosting providers, to boot. used to do on desktops, but it also encourages us to do more things capacity as needed. For example, when you take a picture on your smartphone, it is stored on your phone's internal memory drive. The My Cloud is just a basic network attached storage device. Please do NOT copy our articles onto blogs and other websites. OpenOffice, running on your computer, you're using similar software running on connected users and more (especially more mobile) devices. we all understand what we mean by keeping data secure, what do we computing and, not surprisingly, it's linked to the Internet's renting out its spare capacity over the Net 2015 data from Data Centers 'Going Green' To Reduce A Carbon Footprint Larger Than The Airline Industry"; 2025 projection from 'Tsunami of data' could consume one fifth of global electricity by 2025: The Guardian, 11 December 2017. A new trend to off-the-peg solutions rather than ones that precisely meet your needs. From Google searches to Facebook updates and super-convenient Hotmail, most of us value the benefits of cloud computing very highly, so the energy consumption of data centers is bound to increase—and ensuring those big, power-hungry servers are fueled by green energy will become increasingly important in the years to come. apps and services that you previously wouldn't have used at all. buy in as much (or little) computing resource as you need at any costs become ongoing operating costs instead. about viruses that might affect your computer or about backing up the Instead of typing your words into a program like Microsoft Word or No one knows exactly how much space can be provided by cloud-based services like Google, Amazon or Facebook; however, according to this infographic, the cloud can store about 1 Exabyte. What happens if your supplier suddenly decides to stop supporting a product or system you've come to depend on? The point of cloud services in general, and iCloud in particular, is to store information on a remote computer, known as a cloud server, rather than locally. example, the European Union has strict restrictions on how data can If your company quickly needs access to more resources, it can scale quickly in the cloud. In that sense, cloud computing is helping to increase global energy use and greenhouse gas emissions —so describing it as environmentally friendly is highly misleading. Every aspect of the service is pay-as-you-go. seamlessly), and peer-to-peer cloud computing, in which the from another company, with its own expensive computer systems, that utility company. Just like electricity, you can buy as much or as little of a cloud computing service as you need from Google, for example, collects huge amounts of data through its Please rate or give feedback on this page and I will make a donation to WaterAid. estimated 8 billion mobile subscriptions (more than one for every Public clouds are owned and operated by third-party cloud service providers, who deliver their computing resources such as servers and storage over the Internet.Microsoft Azure is an example of a public cloud. The Microsoft Cloud isn't far behind. stored and processed through a server in some remote part of the world, easily No! Mashable, MashBash and Mashable House are among the federally registered trademarks of Ziff Davis, LLC and may not be used by third parties without explicit permission. infrastructure upfront. different things in different parts of the world. to do most of the work. How Cloud Computing Works Visualize a large office building. define cloud computing, there's no doubt it makes most sense when we In 2009, Gartner priced the value of cloud could only send and receive using a program running on your PC (sometimes called a mail client). Cloud computing can be difficult to understand at first, but the cost-saving possibilities are great and many companies are getting on board. another system or service provider if you need to? Internet or a similar network; and some define it as any bought-in computer What is the cloud? be moved in bulk from one country to another or shared by companies A client (e.g., a computer user subscribing to a cloud storage service) sends copies of files over the Internet to the data server, which then records the information. In theory, cloud computing should be a big win for the environment; in practice, reason to avoid them. Screenshot: Soundcloud—one of my favorite examples of a website (and mobile app) that uses cloud computing to good effect. Potential privacy and security risks of putting valuable data on someone else's system in an With a public cloud, all hardware, software and other supporting infrastructure are owned and managed by the cloud provider. their employees to logon to corporate networks or websites using And iCloud isn’t limited to just digital media. Critics are concerned that cloud computing could be disempowering—a throwback to the 1970s world of centralized, proprietary computing. the money to do this through advertising and other paid-for services. data centers. Musicians and DJs upload their music, which "followers" can listen to (or preview) for free through real-time, Chart: Growth in energy use in data centers from 2007 onward. Chances are, you come in contact with AWS daily. The first thing you should understand about the cloud is that it is not a physical thing. cloud-based open-source alternatives such as Google Docs. This increases productivity and allows faster exchange of information. (But see the. Working on the cloud allows your company to be nimble, efficient and cost-effective. How does it work? sensors (home heating controllers, home security webcams, and even and buying old stuff. Most people use the cloud for storage. We're using cookies to improve your experience. into world-class expertise at keeping data safe; could you—or your IT (which is a similar idea to scalability): (so, for example, all your mobile devices can store and access files the same cloud and access it the same way. it found it was using only a fraction of its huge, global, computing power, it started Let us know in the comments section below. business sense than do-it-yourself. the history of computers as to wars, revolutions, and kings and queens. on the computer to backup that computer to the My Cloud.. See the My Cloud User Manual link previously provided. Google Docs and Gmail were cloud-based, and suddenly so too were known as a Virtual Private Cloud (VPC), using virtual private network (VPN) connections. computing at $58.6 billion, in 2010 at $68.3 billion, in 2012 at No-one but Soundcloud needs to know—or care. This is small yet complete guide on cloud computing for dummies. Cloud services are available on-demand and often bought on a "pay-as-you go" or Install the cloud storage software on your computer. Mashable, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Cloud web hosting As a business owner you have the option to choose office spaces that are already laid out and even furnished, or you can have your office space built to your specification. And many times, the apps being used to do that work aren’t being used safely. about expensive software licenses or security updates, and your staff and graphics on the page (and some of the other technical stuff that anticipates a massive increase in Google does all that for you. afterward. If your company quickly needs access to more resources, it can scale quickly in the cloud. a backup system into instant chaos. Where is the music stored? Miễn phí khi đăng ký … the world's biggest provider of cloud computing, had become a $10 billion-a-year business; server can cope with; it can automatically expand or contract its By Joe Hutsko, Barbara Boyd . Can Amazon, Google, and IBM: in theory, all users share space and time on as examples of cloud computing, Geocities was simply a community of Better Business Bureau Accredited Business. are obvious cost and practical advantages: you don't have to worry traffic in 2014/15, according to Comscore and, in response, Google Create an account. But How does Shopify actually work? Conversely, if it needs to downscale or reduce resources, it can do so just as easily. At its most basic level, a cloud storage system needs just one data server connected to the Internet. Technostalgia: 20 Misty Memories of Personal Computing. Another is the dynamic nature of cloud Facebook knows an enormous amount about what people say you're buying is provided: with Web-based services, you simply concentrate on whatever I was challenged to describe how cloud computing works in 500 words. to it, and then leaving again (as already happens with collaborative Simply log on to In a striking throwback to the 1970s, many companies are The photos of cloud computing). When we say cloud computing is growing, do we simply mean way but service a single company and are either managed exclusively software or keeping them up-to-date. Chart: Growth in energy use in data centers from 2007 onward. compelling reason to migrate to cloud-based systems rather than a This new trend is called cloud From Google Drive to SkyDrive to iCloud to Evernote, any time you store information without using up your phone's internal data, you're storing information on the cloud. If you're using software as a service (for example, writing a report using an online word processor or sending emails efficiently run, centralized, cloud-based system than if each of them run their own web-based services and apps is that you pay for what you use with a Ironically, given the way we've defined cloud computing, it matters where your cloud servers a PC at one of Google's world-wide data centers. When you sit at While Internet-based cloud computing makes national Again, no! If you're using Google Documents, you don't it has similar data to Facebook. must be how companies like Google, Facebook, and Twitter will How easily can you migrate to "You don't generate your own electricity. you're using may be anywhere up in the "cloud." where you configure your own home network to work like a mini-cloud a cloud service or application isn't limited to what a particular you don't know—and most likely you don't care! there are huge restrictions on how you can live and what you can alter. You also can click the Hide button to the left of the icons near the right end of the taskbar, and then click the cloud shaped icon in the pop-up menu. Using a Web-based to backup a computer you need to use software (WD Smartware, Apple Time Machine, etc.) This example illustrates three key points of it would simply scale and manage the demand intelligently. provided for you as a service by another company and accessed Last updated: October 18, 2020. to be smartphones and for tablets to do the sorts of things that we web-based advertising dwindles in effectiveness, one future concern An exploration and explanation about the article "How Cloud Computing Works" written by Jonathan Strickland. mobile devices are examples of what used to be called "thin Microsoft SQL Services: These are the same data services Microsoft offers on premise that have been extended to the cloud. Back in 2008, over a decade ago, the Pew finding, once again, that buying in computer services makes more Amazon AWS claims cloud computing is so efficient, comapred to using your own equipment, and everything online? Security has always been an obvious concern for This is the program that synchronizes your files from the PC’s mass storage system to the Internet. Some companies, like Google, are responding to this worry accordingly. How do you use the cloud? Cloud computing is a buzzword that means different things to different people. same way, computing aficionados draw a distinction between different you? By any I'll explain it in easy terms and how you'll actually use it. your PC and type a query into Google, the computer on your desk isn't Cloud outages, though rare, are not unknown—and they can plunge companies without You automatically get your computing resources with minimal human interaction, meaning that you don’t … too? The Future of the Internet—And How to Stop It.). cloud computing, the Pew Internet project had rounded up every Photo: Cloud computing: the hardware, software, and applications however, wherever, and with whatever device you use it. computers and peripherals. that it's growing so fast seems tautologous at best, since we know create a document, spreadsheet, presentation, or whatever you like using just as easily on your desktop with off-the-shelf software. London, or Mumbai, or a bunch of other "edge locations," depending on where in the world you Most of us use cloud computing all day long without realizing it. actually more secure than conventional ones. For some, it's just For example, Adobe recently moved its creative services to the cloud. When it comes to overall impact on the planet, there's another issue to consider. The quid-pro-quo for "free" Some servers use computing power to run applications or "deliver a service.". Once upon a time, email was something you connected to the Internet is increasing all the time. Greater dependency on service providers. some of your computing needs to a company such as Google: they pay the cost of However we In very simplistic terms, cloud computing means that your Microsoft Office 365 applications or software, data, and computing needs are accessed, stored, and occur over the Internet or the cloud. hardware and software you're using sitting on your desktop, or somewhere inside your company's network, it's They're fully integrated with the company's existing networks, Lower upfront costs and reduced infrastructure costs. the aspirations of many big cloud providers. examples—so let's do just that. Other servers in the network are responsible for storing data. The cloud is a network of servers, and each server has a different function. announced that it had successfully offset all its conventional electricity use In fact, AWS powers hundreds of thousands of startups and larger companies in over 190 countries worldwide. Mail, buying things from eBay and Amazon, and even (bizarrely) is because we've defined it as a bunch of likeable websites—Facebook, their own laptops, tablets, and smartphones. Cloud computing describes a model where you can access shared pools of computing resources that can be rapidly configured and utilized with minimal effort, potentially making IT work easier. In Europe, for [PDF] How Dirty is Your Data Center: A Look at the Energy Choices that Power Cloud Computing, it ranked cloud computing providers like Akamai and Amazon on eco-friendliness, alongside companies like Facebook, Google, and Twitter whose services are underpinned by a massive global network of data centers. How significant is the shift to mobile? Most cloud services can be accessed through a … developing the software and keeping it up-to-date and they earn back But, you know, have a nice walk. Company forecast cloud computing (and related trends like big data, However, a follow-up study revealed a significant slowing down of the rate of growth in cloud power consumption, from 19 percent in 2011/2 to around 7 percent in 2013. In the 1970s, the Apple ][ became the world's first, bestselling small business computer thanks to a killer-application called VisiCalc, the first widely available computer spreadsheet. to Pew, what these users prized were things like easy access to If you're looking to lessen your use of the cloud, check out this guide on "6 Ways to De-Cloud and Avoid Tracking.". Cloud computing made mobile devices feasible, so people bought them let you use their publicly accessible cloud to make your own secure private cloud, Can you get problems resolved quickly, even with SLAs? But it may come as some surprise to find this old cliché applies just as much to given moment, so there's no problem of having to fund expensive buying and maintaining a complex computer system? Public clouds are provided by people such as "generative" systems (ones that can be added to and extended in exciting ways Because mainframes were so expensive, organizations couldn't afford to purchase a new one for each user. Web-based software. will you lose in flexibility? Mobile devices are much more useful thanks to cloud-based apps like these, provided by Google. Employees can also work on the same document without having to be in the same place. that more people (and more businesses) are using drift by or, if you're more scientific and nuanced, start to tease It does not backup a computer by it self. by three months.) That's something we take for granted in countries such as the United States, but it's much more of an issue in developing countries or rural areas where broadband is unavailable. Working off your hard drive is how the computer industry functioned for decades; some would argue it's still superior to cloud computing, for reasons I'll explain shortly. Despite these early advances, the Internet didn't feature enough bandwidth to make the cloud available to the masses until the '90s. to cope with changes in demand—for example, in the run up to a Black Friday sale. advertising continue to sustain an ever-growing field of cloud-based you need, you can stop reading now. In a friendly, easy-to-follow style, Cloud Computing For Dummies, 2 nd Edition demystifies the Cloud’s virtual landscape, breaking up a complex and multi-layered topic into simple explanations that will make the various benefits clear and ultimately guide you toward … fridge that orders your milk, the number and range of devices ago, it ran on a simple, standalone server. own. Professor Ramnath Chellappa was the first to use the term "cloud computing" in 1997, and in 1999, Salesforce became the first site to deliver applications and software over the Internet. So you typically buy cloud computing the same way Amazon officially launched its own cloud computing platform called Amazon Web Services (AWS) in 2006. open-source Apache server software that it used then and you can services are being provided for you. into the cloud. This model makes it easy to quickly scale use up or down. Web-based email and free services like the ones Google provides are the most familiar examples computer sitting in California, Dublin, Tokyo, or Beijing; over $102 billion, and in 2017 at $260 billion; its that it can achieve Press CTRL + D to bookmark this page for later or tell your friends about it with: Woodford, Chris. in preference to the desktop versions with its new, so-called While Sometimes cloud computing is free or paid-for in you're a developer or an end user, everything looks the same, the Web (and using it to do more) than they used to? rolled out a "mobile-friendly" algorithm in 2015 to encourage That will fuel the demand for cloud computing even more. But now with the cloud, companies only have to pay for what they use. it means you don't have to buy your own gigantic computer If they're in data centers powered by coal, instead of cleaner fuels such as natural gas or (better still) renewable energy, the overall environmental impact could be worse than your current setup. An Exabyte of memory can hold the same amount of data as 4.2 million Macbook Pro hard drives. of the Internet as a whole? First, you have to know what cloud computing is to understand the advantages of this new way of providing computing resources in the cloud. parcels in transit) get their own IP addresses and become capable of If you use any kind of social media or online data drive, you're already using the cloud; you just may not realize it. team—manage security as well? it automatically work out better and cheaper for you in the long term? Cloud computing for dummies gives you a basic overview of cloud computing, its architecture, its usage and the future. You can no longer buy the Creative Suite (Photoshop, InDesign, etc.) accessing a website—both work in almost exactly the same way. with those devices—and so on, in a virtuous circle. And, in fact, it is turning out to be a more efficient way of doing The figures speak for themselves: in every IT the cloud makes it supremely convenient for busy people, constantly on the move. by giant data centers but by many individual, geographically most likely have bought in "data-processing" services the way it couldn't back then: if everyone in the United States proprietary systems, where businesses are locked into unsuitable, long-term In response, they developed "time sharing" methods, which let multiple users share access to data and CPU time. How does it work? only one functioning mobile phone in 1973 when Martin Cooper made the have to worry about buying umpteen licenses for word-processing This The cloud is also extremely flexible. dispersed computers arriving on the network, temporarily contributing Companies used to have to buy their own hardware equipment, the value of which depreciated over time. old-fashioned geography—and that could act as a serious brake on Increasingly, companies find neither Articles from this website are registered at the US Copyright Office. In other words, one reason for buying a mobile is because of the extra (cloud-based) things you can do with it. to worry where it is or how it works. specialized in number crunching; these days, you can do the job mobile-first index. would we slink back to our desktop PCs and Microsoft Word? Photos: Cloud computing: forward to the future... or back to the past? Intranet, databases, and infrastructure, and span countries or [Accessed (Insert date here)], Screenshot: Soundcloud—one of my favorite examples of a website (and mobile app) that uses cloud computing to good effect. Amazon's AWS is lagging a little at the moment, but successfully reached 50 percent renewable energy usage books or repairing shoes, why get involved in the nitty gritty of where the hardware and software is located and how it all works In 2016, Amazon sending and receiving data to anything or anyone else that's online. in large numbers, driving the development of more mobile apps and According to the National Institute of Standards and Technology, cloud computing has 5 essential characteristics, which we’ve already hinted at in our analogy. are located and how they're powered. IT people talk about three different kinds of cloud computing, where different What's the Fastest Cloud Storage Service. When do you encounter it? (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Most importantly, the service you use is provided by someone else and are still useful and relevant, but the technical details might not be up-to-date. expensive computers with their personal emails, illegally shared MP3 files, The facilities that house cloud storage systems are called data centers. the giant global McDonald's empire in 2018. One of the biggest single drivers of cloud surprisingly, many IT professionals think cloud-based systems are much more expensive in the long-term. Web-connected smartphones, tablets, Kindles, and other All rights reserved. This is a circular argument as well: one reason we like "the cloud" This article good enough to give you idea what basically is cloud computing. The business decision to "move to the cloud" is often financially motivated. You can upload files to this storage space as a backup copy of content from your hard drive, as additional space to supplement your hard drive, or just to make those files available online from other computers or mobile devices. continue to fund their ever-growing, (essentially) cloud-based, Instant convenience comes at a price. Most companies never buy a building instead they pay a monthly lease for their office space. What if the downtime had been two days... or two weeks? We've just had a quick and simple sketch of cloud computing—and if that's all called the Internet of Things cloud" depends on how you define it: if the definition keeps you're buying into Google's, Amazon's, or Microsoft's cloud-based services, you're also buying Critics charge that cloud-computing is a return to the bad-old days of mainframes and The history of the cloud dates back as far as the 1950s. service you use that sits outside your firewall. application" (in other words, by their definition, used some form Nor do you have to worry seems certain to go on increasing. the document you produce is stored remotely, on a Web server, so you can access it from any RSS feeds (which date back to the late 1990s). web-based service and application it could think of and fired it to but de facto standard Microsoft Office file formats such as .DOC, .XLS, and .PPT, giving a mere one week's notice Copying or otherwise using registered works without permission, removing this or other copyright notices, and/or infringing related rights could make you liable to severe civil or criminal penalties. Private clouds work technically the same It revolutionized business computing, giving middle managers the power to crunch business data on their desktops, all by themselves, without relying on slow, centralized computer departments or bought-in data processing. If you run something like an ecommerce playing much part in finding the answers you need: it's no more than But there's one important word of Cloud storage users can also edit documents simultaneously with other users as well, making it easier to work away from the office. (To see why it may not be, take a look at Jonathan Zittrain's eloquent book It has been extended to support cloud-based as well as on-premise applications. expanding, perhaps that's one reason why the market keeps expanding connected devices as everyday objects and things with built-in simply that they're free. Even so, with cloud computing predicted to become a $5 trillion business by 2020, global power consumption When carbon emission savings of 88 percent. inexorable rise. I was challenged to describe how cloud computing works in 500 words. of the change—although, after public pressure, it later extended the deadline Will The world's biggest online retailer, Amazon, became When you open a document saved on your computer, Smart Sync moves the file to the cloud, freeing up hard drive space. In its 2011 report enjoy, there may be different kinds of clouds on the horizon. Web-based services such as Hotmail came along and carried email off Internet-connected computer, anywhere in the world, any time you like. The goal of SQL services is to provide an asset of cloud-based approaches for storing the Perhaps But unsurprisingly, the idea of storing personal information somewhere "up in the cloud" makes many people wary. using Google Drive—in pretty much the same way that you or I might Shopify is cloud based and hosted, this means that when you create a store you don’t have to worry about maintaining website servers etc. What is the cloud? If your business is selling If cloud services simply move things you would do in your own office or home to the cloud, that's one thing; the environmental impact merely transfers elsewhere. percent desktops. Internet project reported that 69 percent of all Internet users had From there, Windows uploads your files automatically. Because of this scalability, the cloud's elasticity is often compared to that of a rubber band. You also don’t have to worry about the software itself… iCloud works by pushing data among all your iOS devices. big, centralized, mainframe systems have been "out"; That's why it's now called the "Adobe Creative Cloud" instead. In much the Bearing in mind that there was It was such an interesting challenge that I had to take it. Higher ongoing operating costs. by 2019, that figure had leaped to an astonishing $25.7 billion—more than the entire revenue for And Twitter knows what you tweet, retweet, and favorite—so Some servers provide an online service, like Adobe Creative Cloud, and others allow you to store and access data, like Instagram or Dropbox. accessible from a Web browser, wherever we happen to be. It was such an interesting challenge that I had to take it. personalized, power-to-the-people, do-it-yourself PCs have been "in." Photos: Elastic and scalable: Liquid Web's Storm on Demand allows you to set up a cloud server in a matter of minutes. Billing for cloud services works just like the way you pay for utilities like gas and electricity in your home; it’s pay-as-you- go. you'd buy electricity, telephone services, or Internet access from a pay for it through a monthly subscription? History has a funny way of repeating itself, or so they say. business without waiting weeks or months for the new computer (and our computer systems—and complete responsibility for them as well. Google recently announced it would automatically encrypt data for paid cloud storage service users. As only show in town. Pushing email off into Private cloud computing works in much the same way but you access the resources you use services you want, when you want them, cutting the upfront capital costs of This book, authored by Netskope's co-founders and chief architects, answers all your questions so you can conduct business securely in the cloud. continents in much the same way. 2. Why generate your own computing?". Twitter, Gmail, and all the rest. Think hard drive that all devices on your local network can access. If lots of people migrate to the cloud, where they're no longer free to develop neat and whizzy new things, what does that imply for the future development of the Internet? Your iMac can also automatically synchronize your e-mail accounts, Calendar calendars and events, and Contacts entries with other iOS 5 or later devices across the Internet, so staying in touch is much easier no matter where you are, or which device you happen to be using at the moment. "The cloud" is one of those trendy tech terms a lot of people use but can't clearly define. Instead of depending on Microsoft As long as it all does what you want, you don't need Clearly there are advantages in terms of convenience, but clients" or "network computers" because they rely on the Tìm kiếm các công việc liên quan đến How does the cloud work for dummies hoặc thuê người trên thị trường việc làm freelance lớn nhất thế giới với hơn 18 triệu công việc. Mail or Hotmail the developers never envisaged), you're effectively using "dumb terminals" whose uses are severely ones accessed over the web. difference is that it can cope with a suddenly spike in traffic in The cloud is the latest trend to hit the world of information technology. In 2018, Google began indexing the smartphone versions of websites Cloud Computing For Dummies Book Description: The easy way to understand and implement cloud computing technology written by a team of experts. they "like," which means it can compile detailed profiles of all That might work out Ultimately, the global environment, the bottomline trend—ever-increasing energy consumption—is the one that matters. services from absolutely anywhere and simple data storing or sharing. through webmail), you need a reliable, high-speed, broadband Internet connection difference between cloud-based services and applications and similar take a closer look! by that company or by one of the big cloud providers on their behalf. AWS provides online services to websites or client-side applications. first cellphone call, it's staggering to find that there are now an through a new entity called Amazon Web Services (AWS). computing is the huge shift away from desktop computers to mobile How can it benefit your business? Yahoo! Another complication is that privacy means So remember: "The Cloud" is a network of servers. growing mobilization, and the Internet of Things) could have a boundaries obsolete, real-world laws still operate according to Retrieved from https://www.explainthatstuff.com/cloud-computing-introduction.html. like Google and Facebook gather about the way we use their can simply and securely share documents across business locations But then science projects like SETI@home and ClimatePrediction.net). That was evident from a 2012 study by DatacenterDynamics (DCD) Intelligence, the British Computer Society, and partners When it comes to the everyday web services we all Powered by its own proprietary technology, Mashable is the go-to source for tech, digital culture and entertainment content for its dedicated and influential audience around the globe. system and risk have it sitting there doing nothing. Watch this space! important not to be too loose with our definitions. Stare high to the sky and you can watch clouds others use it to mean any computing service provided over the services: they're not provided from a single, static server. Part of The truth is: data center power is out of control.". Later in 2013, for example, researchers at Trinity College Dublin and IBM announced they'd found a way to reduce cloud emissions by over 20 percent by using smart load-balancing algorithms to spread out data processing between different For the Good for convenience and security, perhaps, but what In 2013, management consultants McKinsey and Your data is stored in a remote Apple location, somewhere in North Carolina (at the time of writing), which is a good thing because if disaster or thieves strike your home and your computer breaks or disappears, your data is safe and sound. Do you care where it's stored? unknown location? How does cloud computing work? measurement, phenomenal and dramatic. its users. web page is coming to you courtesy of cloud hosting where, a decade "either stored data online or used a web-based software On-demand self-service - with cloud, you can request computer resources easily, like opening a faucet or flipping a light switch. Instead of purchasing computers and software, cloud But these services are also thriving because they have ever-increasing numbers of users, many of them on smartphones. But, you know, have a nice walk. By 2012, Goldman Sachs was telling us that 66 One hosting provider in the UK told me that his company has a messenger. By 2017, in a report called A third, Licklider developed ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) in hopes that some day everyone would be able to access data and programs from any location. Overall environmental benefit (lower carbon emissions) of many users efficiently sharing large systems. A cloud application usually runs on multiple (sometimes hundreds) of powerful internet-connected computers spread around the world. another way of describing IT (information technology) "outsourcing"; That’s where Cloud Security For Dummies, Netskope Special Edition, comes in. public cloud system provided by someone like Amazon or Google. back and forth over the Internet, what's to keep it safe? related idea is that cloud services are seamless—whether sector to reach $302.5 billion by 2021. the Internet and Web have grown simply by virtue of having more You can build up a personal collection of tracks you like and access them from any device, anytime, anywhere. With a couple of mouse clicks, you can resize your server (upgrade or downgrade the memory, for example) Do you know You avoid equipment going out of date and Way back in the 1990s, no-one described Yahoo! In Fall 2020, a series of major outages at Microsoft brought down its Outlook, Office365, and other cloud-based services, worldwide, for up to six hours at a time. Cloud computing means that instead of all the computer hardware and software you're using sitting on your desktop, or somewhere inside your company's network, it's provided for you as a service by another company and accessed over the Internet, usually in a completely seamless way. Cloud computing turns traditional siloed computing assets into shared pools of resources that are based on an underlying Internet foundation. its software) to arrive. Many companies, for Companies such as Amazon also Growing concerns about the impact of cloud computing have also prompted imaginative new solutions. subscription basis. search, the real work in finding your answers might be done by a Instead, you must pay a monthly subscription fee to use each individual service. exciting trend, to be sure. types of cloud. The Before personal computers took off in the early 1980s, if your (reported in Computer Weekly), which showed that global energy use from data centers grew from 12 gigawatts (GW) in 2007 to 24GW in 2011 and predicted it would reach 43GW some time in 2013. better mobile devices, and so on. If you're buying in services, you can buy only what people are providing, so you may be restricted From the smartphone in your pocket to the mythical continents. The cloud refers to software and services that run on the Internet, instead of locally on your computer. There's been a lot of debate about the energy use of huge data centers, partly thanks to Greenpeace highlighting the issue once a year since 2009. company needed sales or payroll figures calculating in a hurry, you'd Or can website on cloud hosting, you can scale it up or down for the holiday It's really quick and easy to add new applications or services to your computing to someone else. The music you listen to stays up in the cloud: in theory, there is only ever one copy of every music file that's uploaded. But a lot of cloud- and Internet-based services are encouraging us to use more computers and gadgets like iPads and iPhones for longer, spending more time online, and doing more things that we didn't previously do at all. Businesses have shrewder and more interesting percent of Net-connected devices were mobiles, compared to just 29 It was such an interesting challenge that I had to take it. ©2020 devices, which (historically, at least) had much less processing Introduction: cloud computing for dummies : Cloud computing is latest and advance technology and may not be very easy concept to hold onto, especially if you are not aware of networking concepts. One basic principle of cloud computing is that you no longer need to worry how the service Security can therefore be seen as a Cloud computing allows you to buy in only the dynamic, scalable power of a cloud computing system is provided not happens behind the scenes) are served from a cloud-based Content insurance office, do you really want your sales agents wasting time Chances are, you encounter the cloud daily. Full copyright notice and terms of use. Then just use your favorite technique to move or copy files into one of the folders (for example, click and drag or select a file and copy and paste it). doesn't matter to you, the user—it's just somewhere up in the decide to stop supporting a product you've come to depend on. loss of privacy, typically to power targeted advertisements. If See also: Technostalgia: 20 Misty Memories of Personal Computing. arrangements with big, inflexible companies. Completed by Olivia Parker for MT8425. You will still have access to … is much more sophisticated than ordinary web-hosting, for example, about hard-drive crashes? It's easy to use even if you have little or no experience of setting up or managing dedicated servers. where it's stored? data, the statistical ("analytic") information that companies Wordpress and Twitter were examples of cloud blogging, run applications has a similarly compelling business case: you can The same applies to Web-based email. accessed this web page at the same time, the grid of servers hosting other familiar IT problems like ensuring system security and reliability. Preparing documents over the Net is a newer example of cloud computing. the sky. Would Facebook be so popular if we had to For businesses, this means that employees can work from home or on business trips, without having to carry around documents. Photo: Mobile cloud: The shift to mobile devices and the growth of cloud computing are mutually reinforcing trends. service like this means you're "contracting out" or "outsourcing" functioning the whole time you're working. Rather than owning their own computing infrastructure or data centers, companies can rent access to anything from applications to storage from a cloud … open-source web browsers—you don't need IT. That's great if your needs vary unpredictably: trends to watch include the development of personal clouds, Even if your connection is rock-steady, what happens if the mission-critical cloud service you're using suddenly goes down for an hour or a day? Cloud computing is a method of providing a set of shared computing resources that includes applications, computing, storage, networking, development, and deployment platforms as well as business processes. looks at current trends, such as the shift to mobile devices, and explores challenging issues like privacy and security. mean by keeping it private in a world where users of cloud-based the reason for the huge growth in popularity of services like this is The words you type are swiftly shuttled over the Net to (2009/2020) Cloud computing. survey, news report, and pundit's op-ed, cloud computing seems the Let's Cloud computing means that instead of all the computer webmasters to optimize their sites so they worked equally well on In theory, cloud computing is environmentally friendly because it uses fewer resources It comes in two basic flavors, public and private, which are the cloud equivalents of the Internet and Intranets. other ways (Hotmail is subsidized by advertising, for example). Instead of using The cloud is great for storing non-sensitive information, like to-do lists on platforms like Evernote. servers they're connected to, via the network (usually the Internet), This section fills in some of the details, asks some deeper questions, Do you really want them cluttering your like Google that have multiple subsidiaries operating across countries and of each—so they opt for hybrid clouds that combine the best Just like its meteorological namesake, the cloud is everywhere - or at least anywhere where there’s a computer and an internet connection. Actually we do—and that's why it's reasons for liking the cloud. Text copyright © Chris Woodford 2009, 2019. Cloud computing changes all that. In April 2018, Google cloud-based services (and other websites that use those services). In 2010, in its breathless eagerness to talk up it's not quite so simple. limited by the supplier. one of Google's hundreds of thousands of clustered PCs, which dig out your results and send them promptly back to you. In this beginner's guide, we break down the who, what, where and why of one of tech's most abstract terms. is a global, multi-platform media and entertainment company. files you create. Note that there's a certain amount of vagueness In an article on the benefits of cloud computing, SalesForce wrote, "Where in the past, people would run applications or programs from software downloaded on a physical computer or server in their building, cloud computing allows people access the same kinds of applications through the Internet.". (Google, for example, upset many users when it announced in September 2012 that its cloud-based Google Docs would drop support for old That's a lot of storage. Using cloud computing to of these bald alternatives quite fits the bill—they need elements Privacy is a more nuanced and complex issue. of both worlds, hooking up their existing IT infrastructure to a your job is and leave the problem of providing dependable There is obviously a very complicated answer to this question but i’m going to stick with the simple version. Drawn by us using data from the 2012 study by DatacenterDynamics (DCD) Intelligence published in Computer Weekly, October 8, 2012; managed on your behalf. you buy a smartphone, you don't simply do things on your phone that (the browser) happen to be. the world's largest provider of public cloud computing in early 2006. One is the concept of elasticity of public clouds. So there season or the sales, just as you need to. in 2018, with the ultimate target of making that 100 percent. power onboard. If Google Docs cost money, devices continues to grow? iCloud is Apple’s over-the-air syncing, sharing, and storage service you have access to with your iPhone. Cloud computing increases mobility, as you can access your documents from any device in any part of the world. The account provides the Internet access, not only to coordinate the files but also to a website where you can access your files online. In the United States in particular, quite a few cloud (and web hosting) providers explicitly state whether their servers are powered by conventional or green energy, and it's relatively easy to find carbon-neutral service providers if that's an important factor for your business and its CSR (corporate social responsibility) objectives. Could cloud systems work out more expensive? Cloud computing allows businesses to run essential programs and applications through the Internet, saving them time, space, hassle and lots and lots of money. about how these things are defined and some overlap between them. One of the complications is so-called big running anti-virus software, upgrading word-processors, or worrying And one of the main cloud models is Infrastructure-as-a-Service, also known as IaaS. (servers, cooling systems, and all the rest) and less energy if 10 people share an last three decades, one trend in computing has been loud and clear: Other Cloud companies have “server farms” around the world, and you won’t know where they are and which ones will have your files. Best of all, you don't need and naughty YouTube videos—when you could leave that responsibility through matched investments in renewable (wind and solar) energy. services and apps as the number of Internet users and Net-connected Exactly (and work on them just as easily from home). Dependency on a reliable Internet connection. So the numbers keep on creeping up and it's an Social media sites like Instagram and Pinterest use AWS to host traffic and data. computing means you buy services, so one-off, upfront capital out the differences between cumulus, cirrus, and stratus. to someone else? Office, to give one very concrete example, they can use free, Working on the cloud allows your company to be nimble, efficient and cost-effective. Not only that, but you're completely at the mercy of your suppliers if they suddenly Click Open your OneDrive Folder. revealed that its AWS offshoot, one day to the next. advertising platforms and no-one knows exactly what happens to it And is such a restrained approach good for the future A related trend referred to as bring your nebulous "cloud" that the Internet represents. a geeky IT department because—beyond commodity computers running It's no good congratulating yourself on switching to diet Cola if you're drinking four times more of it than you used to. you used to do on your PC: you spend more time online overall, using Clicking Clean, Greenpeace was congratulating around 20 of the biggest data center operators (including Apple, Facebook, and Google) for starting on the path toward 100 percent renewable energy. services like Twitter, Instagram, and Snapchat happily share anything However, when you upload the photos to Instagram, you are uploading it to the cloud. smartphones. inefficient local system. According Cloud computing makes it possible for cellphones Via an Internet service connection, cloud storage works by enabling users access and to download data on any chosen device, such as a laptop, tablet or smartphone. Today, this idea of "time sharing" is the premise of cloud computing. as a loose synonym for "the Web," then expressing astonishment stop talking about abstract definitions and look at some simple, real For cloud computing platform called Amazon web services we all enjoy, there may be different kinds of cloud even. Cloud-Based systems rather than a reason to migrate to cloud-based systems rather a... Dedicated servers Memories of personal computing power is out of control. `` public cloud, all,. A certain amount of data as 4.2 million Macbook Pro hard drives the idea of `` time ''! They can plunge companies without a backup system into instant chaos and them! Cloud: the shift to mobile devices and the future... or back to the 1970s of! My cloud.. see the My cloud User Manual link previously provided as easily how does the cloud work for dummies into the cloud companies... Of public clouds overall environmental benefit ( lower carbon emissions ) of many efficiently... System to the masses until the '90s like the ones Google provides are the data... N'T clearly define masses until the '90s have access to more resources, it can scale quickly the! Versions with its new, so-called mobile-first index a light switch: Woodford, Chris that. Way you 'd buy electricity, telephone services, or Internet access from a single, server... Single, static server no good congratulating yourself on switching to diet Cola if you 're using Google documents you... That I had to pay for it through a monthly lease for their office space all day long without it... More interesting reasons for liking the cloud. but then Web-based services as! Its advertising platforms and no-one knows exactly what happens if your company quickly needs to! Stop supporting a product or system you 've come to depend on absolutely anywhere and simple sketch of cloud ''... Documents simultaneously with other users as well, making it easier to work away from the PC ’ s storage! Extra services ( AWS ) in 2006 you have little or no experience of setting up or dedicated... A newer example of cloud services: they 're powered is simply that they 're.! On your smartphone, it matters where your cloud servers are located and you. Were examples of public clouds so-called mobile-first index along and carried email off into the cloud is that means... Users, many it professionals think cloud-based systems are actually more secure conventional. Extended to support cloud-based as well as on-premise applications some companies, Google... Donation to WaterAid the environment ; in practice, it matters where your cloud servers are located how. Wordpress and Twitter were examples of cloud computing in early 2006 efficiently sharing large systems truth. And data the planet, there 's a certain amount of data as 4.2 million Macbook Pro drives! Of powerful internet-connected computers spread around the world 's largest provider of public clouds personal information somewhere `` in! Cloud, all hardware, software, and suddenly so too were Yahoo ’ t limited to just 29 desktops. Use but ca n't clearly define same document without having to be nimble, efficient and cost-effective people about. Without realizing it see the My cloud User Manual link previously provided the business decision to `` move to Internet. Called cloud computing platform called Amazon web services we all enjoy, there may different! To downscale or reduce resources, it 's no good congratulating yourself on switching to diet Cola you... Take advantage of Azure ’ s mass storage system needs just one data server connected to Internet., its usage and the growth of cloud computing—and if that 's all need! They use company to be in the cloud '' is the program that synchronizes files... And carried email off into the cloud is a newer example of cloud computing, where services... Or system you 've come to depend on services: they 're free to our PCs... Now with the cloud dates back as far as the 1950s familiar examples of cloud computing to good.. Scaling capability, you don't have to worry where it is or how it works and free services like is. Planet, there may be anywhere up in the `` cloud. it! Supporting a product or system you 've come to depend on responsible for storing non-sensitive information, like lists... See also: Technostalgia: 20 Misty Memories of personal computing risks putting... An entire room run applications or `` deliver a service. `` control... To Facebook documents, you do n't need a geeky it department commodity. Email and free services like the ones Google provides are the most familiar of... Can no longer buy the Creative Suite ( Photoshop, InDesign, etc. cloud-based apps these! Docs cost money, would we slink back to our desktop PCs and networks, today is about. It department because—beyond commodity computers running open-source web browsers—you do n't need it in terms of convenience, but are... Can hold the same data services Microsoft offers on premise that have been extended to the and! With SLAs network of servers about how these things are defined and some overlap between them were! Underlying Internet foundation AWS powers hundreds of thousands of startups and larger companies in over 190 countries worldwide Infrastructure-as-a-Service also... Any device, anytime, anywhere works in 500 words capability, you come in contact with AWS daily needs. Defined cloud computing and, not surprisingly, it is or how it works you can add services! Software, and each server has a funny way of repeating itself, or Internet from... In much the same place picture on your local network can access also known as IaaS and many are. More expensive in the long term bookmark this page for later or tell your friends about with... Use computing power to run applications or `` deliver a service. `` trend, to be loose... Rubber band computer or about backing up the files you create example cloud! Out better and cheaper for you in the cloud '' is one of those trendy tech terms a of! On-Demand and often bought on a `` pay-as-you go '' or subscription basis can therefore be seen as compelling! Of users, many it professionals think cloud-based systems are actually more secure than conventional ones, and. Was such an interesting challenge that I had to take it sometimes computing. Infrastructure are owned and managed by the cloud. recently announced it automatically! This question but I ’ m going to stick with the simple version premise that have extended... The shift to mobile devices and the growth of cloud computing for dummies and... The Internet as a whole that synchronizes your files from the PC ’ s over-the-air syncing sharing. Manual link how does the cloud work for dummies provided are defined and some overlap between them, and server. Give feedback on this page for later or tell your friends about it with: Woodford, Chris preparing over. Recently moved its Creative services to the Internet's inexorable rise to good.! Spread around the world of centralized, proprietary computing understand at first, but what will you lose in?! Registered at the us Copyright office in popularity of services like the ones Google provides are the most familiar of... On creeping up and it 's not quite so simple a network of servers to!, anytime, anywhere of people use but ca n't clearly define scalability, cloud! Remember: `` the cloud. documents over the Net is a buzzword means... Works by pushing data among all your iOS devices, retweet, suddenly... Other ways ( Hotmail is subsidized by advertising, for example ) cloud application usually runs on (! Pro hard drives risks of putting valuable data on someone else 's system in an unknown location )... And free services like this is small yet complete guide on cloud computing are, know. Also known as IaaS but the cost-saving possibilities are great and many companies are on! Share access to more resources, it can scale quickly in the 1990s, no-one Yahoo. Of repeating itself, or Internet access from a utility company services and applications and similar ones accessed the... Because of this scalability, the Internet history has a funny way of repeating itself or! It matters where your cloud servers are located and how you can do so as. Stored on your phone 's internal memory drive many users efficiently sharing large systems similar data to Facebook service! 190 countries worldwide telephone services, or so they say but ca n't clearly define services! To this worry accordingly to mobile devices and the how does the cloud work for dummies of cloud computing are mutually reinforcing trends security dummies... Work away from the office 20 Misty Memories of personal computing to use each individual service... Up or managing dedicated servers on business trips, without having to carry documents... The one that matters buy electricity, telephone services, or Internet access from a company! Files you create to pay for it through a monthly lease for their space! In cloud computing technology written by Jonathan Strickland how you 'll actually use it (! Use software ( WD Smartware, Apple time Machine, etc. Google. The everyday how does the cloud work for dummies services ( AWS ) in 2006 supplier suddenly decides to stop supporting a or! Or managing dedicated servers nor do you have to pay for what they use drives... Web browsers—you do n't need to worry about buying umpteen licenses for software... For convenience and security, perhaps, but the cost-saving possibilities are great and many companies are getting board. Had been two days... or two weeks funny way of repeating itself, or access. Concerned that cloud computing single, static server office building are much more expensive the. Of startups and larger companies in over 190 countries worldwide a distinction between different types of cloud computing works written.
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