It is the fifth most-visited park in Alaska, but the 11th of 13 Alaska parks in area, and is the closest national park to Anchorage. The Resurrection Bay Conservation Alliance has been removing marine debris from the beaches around Seward, Kenai Fjords National Park, and even Prince William Sound for more than a decade. [9] Archeological surveys have altered the early view that the area was subject to only transient occupation as evidence has accumulated of long-term use. The park includes the region's deeply indented glaciated coastline and its interior icefields. Eleven mine sites have been documented and two of the mine sites have been determined to be eligible for the National Register of Historic Places. [10] A 1993 Park Service survey documented several village sites dated between 1200 AD and 1920. On Friday, August 15th, Kenai Fjords National Park staff received numerous reports that water from Bear Glacier Lagoon had breached the moraine separating the lagoon from the mouth of Resurrection Bay, also referred to as the Harding Gateway. Secretary of the Interior Cecil D. Andrus proposed a 410,000-acre (640.6 sq mi; 1,659.2 km2) Kenai Fjords National Park. The floors of the fjords can be from 600 to 1,000 feet (180 to 300 m) below the present sea level. [28] Seward is a destination for cruise ships. [46][47] Smaller mammals include coyote, beaver and river otter. A network of trails from the Nature Center provide access to the glacier, and the 7.4-mile (11.9 km) Harding Icefield Trail. [26], Seward is a departure point and destination for large cruise ships from Celebrity Cruises, Holland America Line, Royal Caribbean International and others. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. Katmai National Park and Preserve (KATM), and Kenai Fjords National Park (KEFJ). The impenetrable beauty of Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska, USA [OC] [5472x3648] June 2020. [33][34], The park's landscape has been shaped by plate tectonics, with the Pacific Plate subducting beneath the North American Plate. Various companies offer tours, many guided by National Park Rangers. The park lies just to the west of Seward, a cruise ship port. A beach site near MacArthur Pass was discovered during cleanup operations. In 1973 the Nixon administration proposed the Harding Icefield–Kenai Fjords National Monument as part of the ANILCA legislation. The park covers an area of 669,984 acres (1,046.9 sq mi; 2,711.3 km2)[1] on the Kenai Peninsula in south-central Alaska, near the town of Seward. In particular, Sitka alder is capable of fixing nitrogen, supporting itself and enriching the soil. Thirty three species of There are two primary glacierized areas in KEFJ (the Harding Icefield and the Grewingk-Yalik Glacier Complex) and three primary glacierized areas in KATM (the Mt. Willows also appear at this stage. Select an option below to see step-by-step directions and to compare ticket prices and travel times in Rome2rio's travel planner. The park is named for the numerous fjordscarved by glaciers moving down the mountains from the ice field. [10], Several gold mines from historical times have been documented in the park. We chose Kenai over Denali.. We did go to Talkeetna and do the Talkeetna Air Taxi *flightseeing and landing on Ruth Glacier in Denali National Park. The park protects the icefield, a narrow fringe of forested land between the mountains and the sea, and the deeply indented coastline. The Kenai Fjords region was designated Study Area 11. The Harding Icefield receives 60 feet (18 m) of snowfall per year. In time, about 20 miles (32 km) of coastline was oiled, amounting to about 4% of the total coastline. Just one day in December saw temperatures dip below freezing, as measured at the Seward airport. Follow rangers on an immersive 360° journey through the #HiddenWorlds of our National Parks. The oil did not reach the fjords, repelled by heavy spring water flows from the land. In the following video, produced by the Eppley Institute for Parks and Public Lands, the National Park Service’s Interpretive Development Program, and the NPS Climate Change Response Program, how climate change might impact Kenai Fjords National Park is examined. [17], Legislation stalled in Congress during the Watergate scandal, and was not pursued again until the Carter administration. Passenger traffic through Seward is projected at 68,000 for 2013. A similar succession pattern is seen at the park's nunataks, exposed rock outcroppings in the Harding Icefield. The remainder of the park is accessible by boat,[3] airplane,[4] and hiking. [15] Internal Park Service documents envisioned an 800,000-acre (1,250.0 sq mi; 3,237.5 km2) park protecting the coast and the icefield, but this conflicted with the Seward National Recreation Area and a proposed expansion of the Kenai National Moose Range. about New Postage Stamp Putting Kenai Fjords National Park On The Map, Er, The Envelope, National Parks Traveler 2019-2020 Annual Report, Kenai Fjords Visitors Cautioned About Glacial Outburst At Bear Glacier Lagoon, Winter Hasn't Been Cold At Kenai Fjords National Park And Preserve In Alaska, For Some Park Visits, Getting There Is Definitely Part Of The Fun, A Great Winter Escape: The Willow Public Use Cabin At Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska Trip Helps High School Students Learn About Climate Change, Glacial Outburst Noted At Kenai Fjords National Park, Black Oystercatchers Risk Predation When They Leave Their Nests, Kenai Fjords National Park Beach Cleanup, The Video. Skip. Lift your spirits with funny jokes, trending memes, entertaining gifs, … Commentary from the onboard naturalist makes the most of this 100-mile (160-kilometer) cruise through the stunning landscapes of Kenai Fjords National Park, including stops at Holgate Glacier and the Chiswell Islands, home to large populations of wildlife. According to the United States Department of Agriculture, the Plant Hardiness zone at Exit Glacier Visitor Center at 463 ft (141 m) elevation is 4b with an average annual extreme minimum temperature of -20.3 °F (-29.1 °C). In 1971 the Seward National Recreation Area was proposed for the area between the head of Resurrection Bay and Turnagain Arm, extending east to Whittier and west to Exit Glacier. The site proved to be particularly challenging to clean up without disturbing the area. New Postage Stamp Putting Kenai Fjords National Park On The Map, Er, The Envelope. about Kenai Fjords Visitors Cautioned About Glacial Outburst At Bear Glacier Lagoon, about Winter Hasn't Been Cold At Kenai Fjords National Park And Preserve In Alaska, about For Some Park Visits, Getting There Is Definitely Part Of The Fun, about A Great Winter Escape: The Willow Public Use Cabin At Kenai Fjords National Park, about Alaska Trip Helps High School Students Learn About Climate Change, about Glacial Outburst Noted At Kenai Fjords National Park, about Black Oystercatchers Risk Predation When They Leave Their Nests, about Kenai Fjords National Park Beach Cleanup, The Video. Action. At the edge of the Kenai Peninsula lies a land where the ice age lingers. Their experience was part of the first “Climate Change Academy,” an immersive, comprehensive climate change course offered through the National Park Service. [16] The same day the National Park Service formed an Alaska Task Force to study proposed park lands. This is the official YouTube Channel for Kenai Fjords National Park. The first study, entitled Alaska - Its Resources and Development was centered on the development of tourism, despite a dissent from co-author Bob Marshall, who advocated strict preservation. Watch a whale breach and glaciers calve into the water. [35] The motion of the North Pacific Plate has accreted a variety of terranes against the shoreline, so that the coastal region is a mixture of rocks that originated elsewhere, together with local igneous rock. Discover the magic of the internet at Imgur, a community powered entertainment destination. [13] Follow-up action by Hartzog brought the Park Service into discussions over the Alaska Native Claims Settlement Act (ANCSA). [67] Clean-up was difficult, as the oil became a tarry emulsion that could not be skimmed, and had to be dredged. Incubating eggs in the harsh coastal expanses of Kenai Fjords National Park and Preserve in Alaska is tough business to start with, and with predators on the prowl, it becomes even more difficult to rear a brood. At least figuratively, thanks to a new stamp from the U.S. [8] A lodge was developed by the Port Graham community on Aialik Bay. [12] Another study, funded as part of the Alaska Highway in the 1940s drew similar conclusions to the first study's majority opinion. Editor's note: The following article was prepared by Deb Kurtz, the natural resources program manager at Kenai Fjords National Park and Preserve in Alaska. Play. The park's headquarters is in Seward. Herbaceous plants can grow in areas with better soils, supporting grasses, Nootka lupine, fireweed and other perennial plants. Only with a National Park Service Ranger does a cruise through Alaska’s famously beautiful fjords become an educational excursion. Wildlife thrives in icy waters and lush forests around this vast expanse of ice. [10], Bear Glacier Lake in Kenai Fjords National Park, Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act, List of birds of Kenai Fjords National Park, List of national parks of the United States, "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011", Full list of all state parks, recreation areas and sites, historic parks and sites, and marine parks, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kenai_Fjords_National_Park&oldid=990313557, Bodies of water of Kenai Peninsula Borough, Alaska, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 00:28. Forested portions of the park are dominated by conifers, with deciduous forests confined to areas recently vacated by glaciers. [19] No visitor facilities or full-time local management structure resulted from the monument's proclamation. Tracking Climate Change In Kenai Fjords National Park: What Will Happen? [18] Alaskan opposition to ANILCA prompted President Jimmy Carter to proclaim Kenai Fjords National Monument under the provisions of the Antiquities Act on December 1, 1978, pending final passage of an Alaskan lands bill. The survey also found evidence that an earthquake dating to about 1170 AD lowered the shoreline by at least 1.8 metres (5.9 ft), potentially inundating earlier sites. [9] Mining activity centered on Nuka Bay. Dwarf plants in this region include bog blueberry, partridgefoot, black crowberry and Aleutian mountainheath, all of which are vulnerable to damage from foot traffic. Kenai Fjords National Monument was initially designated by President Jimmy Carter on December 1, 1978, using the Antiquities Act, pending final legislation to resolve the allotment of public lands in Alaska. Kenai Fjords National Park is an American national park established in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act. The first plants to appear in recently glaciated areas are lichens and mosses, with a few hardy plants such as dwarf fireweed and yellow dryas. Douglas area, the Kukak Volcano to Mt. Exit Glacier is a popular destination at the end of the park's only road. Negotiations between the Park Service, Forest Service, Fish and Wildlife Service and the Chugach Alaska Corporation resulted in a decision by the Department of the Interior to make the Park Service the lead agency for the Kenai Fjords area. On March 15, 1972, four areas of the Kenai Peninsula were set aside under the ANCSA for federal protected areas. The mature forest features Sitka spruce and mountain hemlocks, with an understory of devil's club, Alaska blueberry, elderberry, baneberry, watermelon berry and lady fern in the coniferous forest understory. Exit Glacier Kenai Fjords. Marine mammals include sea otter,[48] harbor seal[49] and Steller sea lion. 30,295 acres (47.3 sq mi; 122.6 km2) were repurchased by the Park Service in the 1990s, retaining subsistence rights on about 9,000 acres (14.1 sq mi; 36.4 km2). The park is capped by the Harding Icefield, a relic from past ice-ages … Click and drag to explore. [22] In 1982, a general management plan for the park was finalized, designating Exit Glacier as "front-country," the fjords as "back-country," and the icefield as wilderness. The park also features a significant marine environment. There are hundreds of glaciers in Kenai Fjords National Park (KEFJ) and Katmai National Park and Preserve (KATM) covering over 2,276 km 2 of park land (ca. Willows and alders are followed by black cottonwoods, then Sitka spruce. It is believed that coastal subsidence and rising water levels have inundated many sites, as the shoreline was the place richest in resources for early peoples. The proposed monument totaled 300,000 acres (468.8 sq mi; 1,214.1 km2) in three areas: the icefield and two island groups. Bus tours from Seward visit Exit Glacier and boat tours visit other parts of the park[29], The park maintains public-use cabins and shelters in coastal areas and at the edge of the Harding Icefield. By early April, Park Service personnel established oil containment boom lines across the mouths of salmon streams and conducted preliminary inventories of plants and animals that might be affected by the oil. A 2003 follow-up survey indicated that one site was occupied between 950 AD and 1800. At Kenai Fjords National Park, the average monthly temperature in December was nearly 6 degrees Fahrenheit above normal, the same departure noticed in November. Whether you're taking the subway or city bus to an urban park or riding a train, small plane or ferry to reach your destination in Alaska, there are plenty options for a memorable trip...and sometimes they can be memorable indeed. The park's glaciers have retreated through the twentieth century, exposing new lands to colonization by plant and animal life. Kenai Fjords National Park was established in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act (ANILCA). [39] The park's largest glacier is Bear Glacier. The park covers an area of 669,984 acres (1,046.85 sq mi; 2,711.33 km) on the Kenai Peninsula in southcentral Alaska, near the town of Seward. [21] The first park improvements focused on improving access to Exit Glacier. The most significant fjords include Aialik Bay, Harris Bay, McCarty Fjord and Nuka Bay. [6] It is the only Alaska national park that did not originally allow subsistence use by Native Americans, but native village corporations continue to have interests in inholdings within the park,[7] and have since established subsistence rights on those properties. Kenai Fjords National Park is a United States National Park established in 1980 by the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act. [64], The plant communities at Kenai Fjords are shaped by glacial retreat. The nearest large town is Seward, immediately to the east of the park on Resurrection Bay. https://www.alltrails.com/parks/us/alaska/kenai-fjords-national-park Katmai National Park and Preserve & Kenai Fjords National Park Kaiti Chritz is a Central Michigan University undergraduate student majoring in biology and photojournalism. Work resumed the next year and continued in 1991. The field is the source of at least 38 glaciers, th… On Friday, August 15th, Kenai Fjords National Park staff received numerous reports that water from Bear Glacier Lagoon had breached the moraine separating the lagoon from the mouth of Resurrection Bay, also referred to as the Harding Gateway. [41], Kenai Fjords National Park is dominated by a glaciated landscape. The park covers an area of 669,984 acres (1,046.9 sq mi; 2,711.3 km ) on the Kenai Peninsula in south-central Alaska, near the town of Seward. [8], At the time of the park's establishment, there were few permanent inhabitants. [31], The park lies on the southeastern side of the Kenai Peninsula, about 130 miles (210 km) south of Anchorage. The park's highest point is an unnamed peak of 6,450 feet (1,970 m) in the Kenai Mountains. [27] Cruise tours originating from Seward provide access to the park via Resurrection Bay. Crowned by an icefield and carved by glaciers, Kenai Fjords is continually reshaped by ice and sea. 2000). A previous fisheries inventory of Lake Clark National Park and Preserve (LACL) matching the scope of current I&M program objectives was conducted by the Alaska Department of Fish and Game (ADF&G) in 1980 (Russell et al. The fjords are glacial valleys that have been submerged below sea level by a combination of rising sea levels and land subsidence. Plants and animals adapt to incredibly dynamic conditions. [37] The erosive power of the glaciers produces sediment as rock flour coloring the waters around the toes of glaciers, carrying minerals into the ecosystem that support phytoplankton, which in turn sustain larger animals. This proposal allowed logging and mining in the area. Her love and curiosity of the earth's wildlife and ecosystems quickly fueled a passion to share their stories and the stories of the people who have dedicated their lives to learning about and protecting these ecosystems. [42], Large terrestrial mammal species in the park include timber wolf, porcupine, Canadian lynx, brown bear,[43] black bears,[44] moose[45] and mountain goat. There are 6 ways to get from Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve to Kenai Fjords National Park by car ferry, bus, train or plane. There are 6 ways to get from Kenai Fjords National Park to Wrangell–St. [35], Kenai Fjords is extensively glaciated, with 51% of the park covered by ice. S01:E05 - Kenai Fjords At the edge of the Kenai Peninsula lies a land where the ice age lingers. The first season's work stopped in September. The tours provide views of land and marine wildlife, particularly Steller sea lions, puffins, Dall's porpoises, American black bear, snowshoe hares, Mountain goats, and humpback and orca whales, as well as natural sights such as the fjords and tidewater glaciers. Kenai Fjords National Park Crowned by an icefield and carved by glaciers, Kenai Fjords is continually reshaped by ice and sea. [40], According to the Köppen climate classification system, Kenai Fjords National Park has a Subarctic climate (Dfc) with cool summers and year around precipitation. The field is the source of at least 38 glaciers, the largest of which is Bear Glacier. [30], The park has established a cooperative relationship with the Alaska SeaLife Center, exchanging interpretive services. Visit the land where the ice age still lingers. Some sites had been active into the 1980s. When you absolutely, positively, need to get away for a winter adventure, look north to Kenai Fjords National Park and its Willow Public Use Cabin. Icefield coverage has declined, with a 3% reduction in coverage over a 16-year study period. The first oil arrived on April 10. Here, birds swim better than fly, mythical ice worms really do exist, and mammals are better adapted to life in water than on land. Establishment as a national park followed the passage of the Alaska National Interest Lands Conservation Act in 1980. The Kenai Fjords area was not considered to be of the first priority for park designation under the ANCSA. Much of the interior is covered by the Harding Icefield. Where Will You Explore Winter In The National Park System? A third site showed occupancy from 1850 to 1890. There’s a simple reason why Kenai Fjord Tours is so popular for glacier tours out of Seward: This veteran tour operator offers a ton of variety in its day trips into Resurrection Bay and Kenai Fjords National Park. Another proposal placed the Aialik Peninsula under US Fish and Wildlife Service jurisdiction. [62][65], The grounding of the oil tanker Exxon Valdez in Prince William Sound on March 24, 1989, produced extensive contamination of the Kenai Fjords coastline. In 1980 by the Alaska SeaLife Center, exchanging interpretive services tuff and chert one site occupied. Only road the area under US Fish and Wildlife Service jurisdiction Wildlife Service jurisdiction below freezing, measured... 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