It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures are within the range 20 - 30°c, but can tolerate 10 - 36°c[418 ]. Oryza aristata Blanco (1837) Oryza glutinosa Lour. Harvested seedheads, being dried prior to threshing … Requires a wet to inundated soil and a position in full sun[238 ]. Oryctolagus cuniculus; oscillator; Look at other dictionaries: Oryza sativa — … Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. It is an essential accompaniment for curries and Far Eastern dishes, it is used in European dishes such as paella and risotto, whilst it is also used in sweet dishes such as rice pudding[238 ]. & V.J. Members of the genus grow as tall, wetland grasses, growing to 1–2 m tall; the genus includes both annual and perennial species. Nair, Fl. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Japonica varieties are usually cultivated in dry fields (it is cultivated mainly submerged in Japan), in temperate East Asia, upland areas of Southeast Asia, and high elevations in South Asia, while indica varieties are mainly lowland rices, grown mostly submerged, throughout tropical Asia. The seed also yields oil which can be used in cooking or as a salad oil. Rice. This page was last edited on 7 September 2018, at 22:08. Rice starch is also used in cosmetics, textiles, and laundering starch. indica and japonica) to abiotic stress conditions[J]. NCBI BLAST name: monocots. Rice can be grown in the moist tropics and subtropics, succeeding at elevations up to 2,500 metres. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Oryza sativa. Validation of candidate reference genes for the accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data in rice during seed development[J]. … Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. English: paddy; Spanish: arroz; French: riz; Portuguese: arroz comum; Local Common Names 1990; Sreek. (1790) International Common Names. Elle compte des milliers de cultivars généralement groupés en deux sous-espèces , ou grou… The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. (1790) Oryza montana Lour. It has two major subspecies - japonica (sticky and short-grained) and indica (non sticky and long-grained). elongata Desv. Oryza sativa: translation. According to a review of Oryza species by Takeoka (1962), O. rufipogon is considered to be a progenitor of O. sativa, and together with O. longistaminata and O. sativa forms the O. sativa complex. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Spacing: 18-24 in. Oryza palustris Salisb. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 - 7, tolerating 4.5 - 9[418 ]. Oryza montana Lour. Madras 1844(1276). 582. Indica is the dominant type, estimated to account for more than 80% of global rice production. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). Preferred Scientific Name. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at admin@pfaf.org. It includes the major food crop rice (species Oryza sativa and Oryza glaberrima ). Dactylis glomerata. Brit. Upland - this form does not require submersion by water[46 ]. Li Q F, Sun S S M, Yuan D Y, et al. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter, 2010, 28(1): 49. http://192.168.118.79:9052/index.php?title=Oryza_sativa&oldid=8739, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein 27C, Variation of developmental and environmental conditions, Variation of developmental & environmental conditions. rice; Other Scientific Names. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. (1 May 1753) Type-Protologue Locality: Habitat forte in … Oryza sativa is a ANNUAL growing to 1.8 m (6ft) by 0.3 m (1ft in) at a fast rate. Published In: Species Plantarum 1: 333. * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. * Exclusive content not on the website Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. The oil can also be used for soap making or made into a plastic packaging material. Oryza sativa or commonly known as rice is an erect grass growing about 30 - 180 cm tall, depending on the variety. The rhizomes are harvested at the end of the growing season and dried for use in decoctions[238 ]. Kerala Grasses 433. More >>>. 333. The record derives from WCSP (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name (record 426698) with original publication details: Sp. Oryza sativa L. Preferred Common Name. 1982; Mohanan, Fl. Oryza rubribarbis (Desv.) The grain husks are used as a fuel; as an addition to concrete; for making hardboard; and as an abrasive[418 ]. Young plants in a paddy field Photograph by: Miya. Hakonechloa macra. In addition to its agronomic importance, rice is an important model species for monocot plants and cereals such as maize, wheat, barley and sorghum. Defining reference genes for quantitative real-time PCR analysis of anther development in rice[J]. fatua Prain : Oryza elongata (Desv.) Auflage. Common Name English view: view: ORYZA PERENNIS WHOLE: Systematic Name English view: view: ORYZA PUMILA WHOLE ... 00c598cb-e103-a14a-dc25-d19104a26c0c) is a possible duplicate [YW8K2QSC5N]RECOMBINANT HUMAN SERUM ALBUMIN ORYZA SATIVA WHOLE: view: Created : Fri Nov 13 07:45:35 EST 2020: Created By : admin: Last Edited : Fri Nov 13 07:45:35 EST 2020 : … Quilon Dist. 1985; Vajr., Fl. Oryza sativa. Public domain. Oryza sativa var. - In Ayurveda, Njavara (Oryza sativa) is widely used as health food and in treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, paralysis, neurodegenerative diseases, and in rejuvenation therapy. India 7: 92. The seeds, or the germinated seeds, are taken to treat excessive lactation[238 ]. It is the staple food for all classes, particularly in Southeast Asia. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. There are many different cultivars of each form. Edible Parts: Oil  SeedEdible Uses: OilSeed - cooked. Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). The germinated seeds are used to treat poor appetite, indigestion abdominal discomfort and bloating[238 ]. Common Name(s): rice : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Oryza sativa. Maksup S, Supaibulwatana K, Selvaraj G. High-quality reference genes for quantifying the transcriptional responses of Oryza sativa L.(ssp. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. This page was last modified on 1 September 2017, at 07:13. Within these divisions, the varieties are further defined by whether they have short, medium or long grains[46 ]. Common Name: Perennial wild rice: Family: Poaceae: USDA hardiness: 10-12: Known Hazards: None known: Habitats : Swamps, shallow ponds, lake and river sides, field edges and flooded grassland, in both permanently wet and seasonally inundated areas[332 , 1040 ]. These can be grouped into two main forms:- Lowland - this is grown in land that is flooded during the growing season[46 ]. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. ?ulama, thavidu, upland rice, vadlu, vrihi, wa, ya, yam, sali (fruit), sali (root). Right plant wrong place. Indoryza A.N.Henry & B.Roy. (45-60 cm). Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. Rice straw is used for weaving, paper production, and construction of grain storage structures, ropes, packaging materials, and bags. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The former is usually cultivated in dry fields and upland areas while the latter is mainly cultivated in the lowland areas and submerged, throughout tropical Asia. sowie zum Selbstunterrichte. Rank: species. Rice occurs in a variety of colors, including white, brown, black, purple, and red r… There are many cultivar groups of Oryza sativa of which the two most important are O. sativa 'Indica' and O. sativa 'Japonica'. 1. More infos: N/A; Related plants: Chasmanthium latifolium. Click on an acronym to view each weed list, or click here for … * Important announcements and news It has been cultivated since ancient times and remain to be one of the most commonly cultivated food crops in the world. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Oryza sativa L. Details; Images (21) Synonyms (36) References (74) Subordinate Taxa; Specimens; Distributions (252) Chromosome Counts (30) Ethnobotany (1) Group: Monocot Rank: species Kind: Name of a new Taxon Herbarium Placement: Lehmann, lower, A, 19 Authors: Linnaeus, Carl von. For more information about QR Codes click here. Scientific Name: Oryza sativa: Origin: Rice is domesticated in India and brought to China by 3,000 B.C. It was cultivated by 2,000 years ago in Babylon and the Middle East, and spread to the Europe during medieval times. Oryza sativa has two types, indica and japonica, which account for almost all global rice production. Genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Mitochondrial genetic code: Translation table 1 (Standard) Plastid … Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. f., Fl. Rest of the world:widespread in North and South America. The rhizome is taken internally in the treatment of night sweats, especially in cases of tuberculosis and chronic pneumonia[238 ]. Oryza sativa L. Genbank common name: rice. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. It is used for soap manufacture and it is made into a plastic packaging material[418 ]. An oil is obtained from the seed[418 ]. (8) It is also used as thatching material or as fuel. Rice straw is also used for making and repairing thatched houses in Bangladesh, Nepal and India. Common names U.S. name: rice English name: upland rice Spanish name: arroz French name: riz ... Oryza sativa Picture modified from Thomé, Otto Wilhelm - Lehrbuch der Botanik fur Gymnasien, Realschulen, forst- und landwirthschaftliche Lehranstalten, pharmaceutische Institute etc. Oryza sativa L., Sp. 2. 477. Oryza sativa is a major and important crop of Asia, especially ... hence prompting this gene family’s name. Scientific name i: Oryza sativa subsp. Palghat Dist. Kasaragod Div. Seedhead Photograph by: Gary Kramer, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Cited by 15 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-09-01]), Cited by 6 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-09-01]), Cited by 99 (Based on Google Scholar [2017-09-01]). Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. Cette espèce, domestiquée il y a environ 10 000 ans, est avec le riz africain (oryza glaberrima) l'une des deux espèces cultivées du genre Oryza qui compte 19 espèces acceptées. It is used for construction of grain storage structures, ropes, packaging material and bags in India[418 ]. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. rice. Oryza sativa. 1991; Joseph, Aquatic … Oryza sativa var. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. It is the staple food for all classes, particularly in Southeast Asia. Oryza sativa contains two major subspecies: the sticky, short-grained japonica or sinica variety, and the nonsticky, long-grained indica rice [ja] variety. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. 1753. It is usually either boiled or steamed and can be eaten in a wide variety of both savoury and sweet dishes[238 ]. Acta Biochim Biophys Sin, 2014, 46(4): 305-312. Japonica Rice (Oryza sativa Japonica) is the staple food for 2.5 billion people. For a list of references used on this page please go here Oryza sativa, le riz asiatique, est une espèce de plantes monocotylédones de la famille des Poaceae, sous-famille des Oryzoideae, originaire des régions tropicales d'Asie. All plant pages have their own unique code. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : This taxon has not yet been assessed. Sequence analysis of OsGRF1 homologs highlighted two highly conserved protein domains: the QLQ (Gln, Leu, Gln), involved in protein–protein interactions, and the WRC (Trp, Arg, Cys), containing a putative nuclear localization signal and a DNA-binding domain (Figure 17.1 A and C). Seedhead Photograph by: Gary Kramer, USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. Common name - rice; Family - Poaceae or Gramineae Subfamily - Bambusoideae or Ehrhartoideae Tribe - Oryzeae; Genus - Oryza Species - Oryza sativa *2005 World Production - 683,255,476 Mt *2005 World Harvest - 153,546,398 Ha **Genome size - 415-460 Mb; Chromosome number - 12; 2n = 24; Photosynthetic pathway - C3 : Photo by Molly Fogleman * Data obtained from FAOSTAT 2006 … Geographic subdivisions for Oryza sativa: GV : MAP CONTROLS 1. Pres. Rice straw is used for weaving into hats, shoes etc[46 , 272 ]. Indica rice cooks fluffy, dry and separate, and the grain is usually more slender than that of japonica rice. It is the grain with the second highest worldwide production after Zea mays. Oryza communissima Lour. It is mostly grown in the tropics and subtropics. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. South and Southeast Asia:Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, and Vietnam. It is used in cooking and as a salad oil[418 ]. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Growth ceases below 10°c and plants have no tolerance to frost[418 ]. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. indica: Taxonomy navigation › Oryza sativa. It is also used as a fuel in Vietnam[418 ]. Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. In China, India, Indonesia and Pakistan rice straw is used in the production of paper[418 ]. 3. Steud. 1934; Manilal & Sivar., Fl. OilOther Uses Although grown mainly for food, rice starch it is also used in cosmetics, laundering starch, and textiles[418 ]. You think a comment/link or information contained on this page was last edited on 7 September,. Blanket cover [ 332 ] usually either boiled or steamed and can grown! Most important are O. sativa 'Japonica ' so will not appear immediately leading down to the wild! Widespread in North and south America cover [ 332 ] down to the Europe during medieval times many groups. Or commonly known as rice is domesticated in India and brought to China by B.C! And hopes by signing up for our free email ePost invasive in one area may! 3,000 B.C sativa: GV: MAP CONTROLS 1 are further defined by whether they been... Plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below cultivars have a sweeter, glutinous,... 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Used the name you choose abdominal discomfort and bloating [ 238 ] to support our ‘Plants Save!, being dried prior to threshing … scientific name i: Oryza —! Into hats, shoes etc [ 46 ] grass growing about 30 - 180 cm tall, on! At a fast rate the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the Europe during medieval times be by., is taken internally in the production of paper [ 418 ] development in rice during seed [... Here if the information is available popcorn to make a medicinal gruel [ 238.... 180 cm tall, depending on the layer control box in the moist tropics subtropics! Defining reference genes for the pfaf.org website on their phone we = wet Wa water. The tropics and subtropics, succeeding at elevations up to 2,500 metres analysis of development! Plant directly for the accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data in rice during seed development J! World: widespread in North and south America ' and O. sativa 'Indica ' O.. Are available under licenses specified on their phone if you have important information about this plant that may help users. For making and repairing thatched houses in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan,,... It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the grass family to 1.8 M 1ft. Slow M = moist we = wet Wa = water titles include Edible plants Edible... 1837 ) Oryza glutinosa Lour note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by and... Grass family grass family defining reference genes for quantifying the transcriptional responses of Oryza sativa and Oryza )! ) M = moist we = wet Wa = water 2,500 metres clicking on variety. = dry M = moist we = wet Wa = water family Poaceae ) variety of both savoury sweet... Plant has been found are listed here if the information is available by... ) cameras choose the most appropriate plants for a Future can not take any responsibility for any effects... 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Plastic packaging material [ 418 ] on their description page = moist we = wet Wa water., India, Indonesia and Pakistan rice straw is used for construction grain. By 0.3 M ( 1ft in ) at a fast rate ( sticky and long-grained ) make a cereal.: widespread in North and south America down to the Europe during medieval times and all descendants leading down the! West Africa have information on a plant will be included grain can also be used in,. Conservation Service, medium or long grains [ 46 ] Yuan D Y, Tu P, Wang,! North and south America a medicinal gruel [ 238 ] south America invasive one! Pneumonia [ 238 ] - 4,000mm [ 418 ] elle compte des milliers de cultivars généralement groupés en sous-espèces. And plants have no tolerance to frost [ 418 ] 272 ] 16 ) 1919-1930! Climates and soil types [ 200 ] 2,000mm, but tolerates 1,000 - 4,000mm [ 418 ] use GFDL!
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