Just ask any product manager (PM), or project manager (also PM), and they’ll tell you they’ve been referred to as the other more times than they can count. They are aligned with strategic organizational priorities, such as increase brand awareness in the marketplace, increase the speed of software development, improve customer experience, reduce customer churn, etc. Program managers must be strategic in their thinking, especially since they often need to negotiate between different organizations—and sometimes multiple projects—that are interacting because of the program. Objective The fundamental objective of project management — and basically, the end-all-and-be-all of what is project management all about – is to complete all tasks on time and within budget. Program Management Program management is more than the control of a portfolio of projects. It’s a more tactical role, and sometimes a more technical one, than program management. Program management involves multiple projects, as mentioned earlier. Project management has a definite timeline, with a defined outcome that determines the end date. The second is that there is a significant amount of overlap in project management and program management. Table 1: Program Management vs. Project Management Delivering the "Whole Product" To explore further, let's consider the concept of the "whole product". It’s common for people to confuse product managers and project managers — even within industries, like software, that employ both. Increase your business agility with Clarizen’s project management software, We use cookies to make Clarizen’s website a better experience for you. Powerful project and portfolio management for today’s global enterprise. The typical difference between program management and project management—and this can vary because different businesses and industries treat these roles differently—is that program management is more of a strategic-level responsibility and project management is more tactical. Programs usually span a far greater duration than a project. It's the management of a set of objectives that may continue indefinitely and include a long sequence of projects. The program management definition varies according to the source; however, the Project Management Institute (PMI) defines it as “a group of related projects managed in a coordinated manner to obtain benefits not available from managing them individually.” Alternatively, program management is an approach to managing multiple projects that are part of a cohesive, connected strategy. Program Management vs. Project Management: What’s the Difference? Benefit management; Project management vs Program management. Project management manage projects lead by a project manager. What Is the Critical Path in Project Management? Program Management shares an emphasis on delivery with Project Management but is looking at it more holistically in terms of creating an efficient delivery pipeline for multiple projects, rather than delivering a single project. Home » Blog » Program Management vs. Project Management: What’s the Difference? Let us start unpacking project management vs. program management by highlighting these core similarities, and then we can focus on the key differences. Project management, strictly speaking, refers to one project. Project Management vs. https://www.projectmanager.com/training/the-difference-between-a-program-manager-and-a-project-manager, https://www.pmi.org/learning/library/understanding-difference-programs-versus-projects-6896, https://www.wrike.com/project-management-guide/faq/what-is-program-management-vs-project-management, 5 Key Concepts to Agile Project Management. Project managers also have this challenge, but they can point to progress per the project plan as a way to demonstrate ongoing success (i.e. Program vs. Accelerate speed, agility and collaboration to meet business goals. Read the latest announcements and testing info. This may come as a surprise to those who believe that all projects are temporary, and all programs are ongoing (i.e. The project manager focuses on how to meet the deadline, come in under budget and minimize risk, all while maximizing quality. They don’t conceive the baby, and they don’t take the baby home, but they are a critical link in the baby’s (and parents’!) Program management vs project management has differences. Project vs. Stakeholder Management While both project management and program management involve stakeholder management, there is typically a significant difference between them that is, unfortunately, not lost on program managers who sometimes wish they were a project manager (or anything else for that matter!). Essentially, there are four fundamental areas that are common to project management and program management: Project Management vs. The project manager oversees teams responsible for fulfilling the project and achieving its deliverables. Program Management: Differences. In the most boiled-down way, project management and program management can be divided like this: With a master’s in project management from Elmhurst University, you’ll learn to reach across disciplines and functions, speaking everyone’s language, to coordinate the team. When it comes to the program, a program manager needs to focus on strategy and implementation, and how to delegate projects appropriately. Programs are about business and operations. Projects center around the project deadline. To learn more, review our, Portfolio and Project Management (PPM) software, Clarizen now positioned by Forrester Research as a leader in its “Enterprise Collaborative Work Management Wave”, How to become a freelance project manager. Change Management Since projects focus on achieving specific deliverables, the goal is typically to minimize change and adhere to the plan (with this in mind, some projects can go off-the-rails and significant change is unavoidable). Program management, on the other hand, is the act of creating and managing multiple projects, most of the projects are usually related to one another. However, as noted earlier both project deliverables and program benefits must be aligned with strategic organizational priorities. Once the programs and projects have been determined, program management involves assigning the appropriate resources to projects, and coordinating the completion of a program’s portfolio of projects. The biggest difference when it comes to program management vs project management is the number of projects. While it is true that projects can— and often do – involve a heightened degree of uncertainty compared to programs, the fact is that both are inherently risky. This is … Process Improvement Defined: Process Improvement is the examination of a business process in order to better meet customer & quality requirements. Program management is mapping out and defining the list of dependent projects that need to be completed to reach an overall goal. They are temporary. life. The key trifecta—and balancing act—of the project manager is time, budget and quality. However, this is because the underlying projects continue in one form or another. This is another overlapping aspect that may come as a surprise, as some people believe that projects are uncertain (and become more certain through iteration and progressive elaboration), and programs are established and known initiatives. A program tends to have greater levels of uncertainty. We’ll teach you the tools and techniques you need to oversee a project: budgeting and monitoring, communications and team building, risk management and decision making. But the roles are distinct, with different responsibilities and processes. But the responsibilities are very different. They involve a degree of uncertainty. Project goals are normally short-term. Because of this, it is easy to grasp why effective and consistent stakeholder management is seen as a crucially important program management process. In larger organizations, they can be vastly different from one another. However, typically projects are shorter-term endeavors, while programs are typically longer-term endeavors. As for the question “which one is better?”, there is no correct answer. When these projects come to an end – ideally after having achieved their intended outcome – then the program will also come to end. Simply put, stakeholder management in a program management context is generally much more difficult than it is in project management, because many — and sometimes all – of the business benefits will be realized in the future. Since the program manager focuses on strategy and implementation, he or she does a lot of delegating. With this being said, many programs do indeed last for years (or even decades). Project goals are normally short-term. In pursuit of this strategic benefit, the program manager and other decision-makers may significantly adjust resources, tactics, budgets and targets on an ongoing basis due to changing variables and factors. • Can contain multiple projects running at once. Program Management vs Project Management: 5 Critical Differences 1. “Program Management vs. Project Management - Is there any difference? In today's program management environment, a clear understanding of roles, responsibilities, tools, techniques and best practices is absolutely essential for a successful transition from project management to program management. iy_2020; im_12; id_02; ih_04; imh_19; i_epoch:1606911599278, py_2020; pm_11; pd_10; ph_22; pmh_58; p_epoch:1605077899619, link-block; link-block_link-block; bodystr, pn_tstr:Tue Nov 10 22:58:19 PST 2020; pn_epoch:1605077899619. Program Management vs. Project Management Program management is strategic in nature, while project management is tactical in nature. • Broader in scope; emphasis is on the big picture. Projects or programs that fail to clearly and convincingly answer the questions “why are we doing this?” and “what meaningful results will we get from this investment and activity?” should be revised, re-invented, or shut down. This is why articles, videos, courses and books on project management best practices and program management best practices wisely spend a considerable amount of time focusing on risk management. Likewise, if the budget is cut, the timeline may be pushed out, or, again, quality may be sacrificed. Project management involves the use of people, processes and methodologies to plan, initiate, execute, monitor and close activities. Project management involves more direct contact with the client. A project is defined as unique, in that it is not a recurring operation, and finite, in that it has both a beginning and an end. Program Management Vs. Project Management. And the better the organization, the more efficient the project or program. 3 Keys to Becoming an Industrial/Organizational Psychologist. For example, an organization may implement a program that is designed to measurably and sustainably increase Net Promoter Score (NPS). The fundamental objective of program management is to realize business outcomes. Another way to look at this is that projects focus on deliverables, while programs focus on benefits. If a project is an airplane, then a program is a transportation hub. The focus is on the operational elements of a project. This might seem like... 2. A project is a scheduled undertaking for the purpose of creating a product or service. • Deals with overarching goals or fulfilling the mission of the business. 190 Prospect Avenue Elmhurst, Illinois 60126. They are ultimately in charge, and in it for the long haul, with broad responsibilities that continue to evolve over time. The first is that many professionals work on both projects and programs – if not necessarily simultaneously, then concurrently (e.g. It’s a more tactical role, and sometimes a more technical one, than program management. Duration Also as noted above in the section on similarities in project management vs. program management, both types of initiatives are temporary. In these organizations, a program manager’s role is essentially a higher-level variation of a project manager’s role, with fewer tactical or administrative tasks, but with responsibility for the success of the program as a whole. Programs are Ongoing, Projects End Program management manages the set of projects or a portfolio of projects headed by a program manager. The scope of the project, its schedule and the resources for that project are all under the umbrella of the project manager. Project management. The focus is on the operational elements of a project. Program management. To continue the analogy, program managers are more like new parents. In program management, there is generally more tolerance and flexibility with respect to change, since the aim is to realize business benefits. Program managers do not often have this leverage or luxury, since they are usually dealing with several projects that are unfolding in different stages with a lag between when the work is complete and the business impact becomes clear. They both have their place and purpose, and are important to helping organizations perform, achieve and succeed. Projects focus on time and budget and Programs focus on ROI and value: The primary objective of a … Program management is entirely cross-functional, while project management focuses on a single function, or limited cross-functional alignment at best. Typically, one or several strategic objectives are delegated to a program, and the program is tasked to deliver the benefits associated with the strategic objectives. According to the PMBOK Guide, “A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service or result.”So, we can say that the nature of a project is temporary, i.e., once the project achieves its objective it exists no more, and the objective of a project is to create a unique product, or develop a system to provide you any service or is the result of any task.For instance, assuming, you have been given a project to set up a call … Project Management. 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