Outside of this time frame, the weather becomes extreme for the majority of the public. In the winter using tyre chains is recommended due to unstable climatic conditions. [6], In 1976, British mountaineer John Garner and two Torres del Paine rangers, Pepe Alarcon and Oscar Guineo, pioneered the Circuit trail which circles the Paine massif. A sight with one of a kind mountains, blue lakes, desert pampas, rivers full of icebergs and ice fields the size of Hawaii, all await you at the Torres del Paine National Park. Photo by Artur Stanisz Torres del Paine National Park comprises some of the most jaw-dropping landscapes on Earth, from towering mountains and jagged peaks, to luminous glaciers and reflective lakes. The jaw-dropping landscapes of this eighth wonder of the world are humbling indeed. A study of the exact chemical components of the precipitation in the park has been carried out.[20]. The park is located 112 km (70 mi) north of Puerto Natales and 312 km (194 mi) north of Punta Arenas. In 2013, it measured approximately 181,414 hectares. [11], In February 2005, an accidental fire started by a Czech backpacker, which lasted for about ten days, destroyed 155 km2 (60 sq mi) of the park,[11] including about 2 km² of native forest. Perhaps the most well-recognized area in Chile, Torres del Paine National Park has come to define Patagonia. A certified guide is required to access some parts of the park. Located in the south, Torres del Paine National Park is probably the most popular park in Chile for its amazing Patagonian landscape that includes glaciers, lakes, rivers and mountains. [12], In late December 2011 through January 2012, an Israeli backpacker was found by guilty to have started a fire after being caught by a park ranger when lighting up some paper roll in a forbidden area. Among them are Andean condor, black-chested buzzard-eagle, rufous-tailed hawk, cinereous harrier, chimango caracara, magellanic horned owl, austral pygmy-owl, to name but a few. Wikipedia | Google | Google Images | Flickr. The park is one of the 11 protected areas of the Magallanes Region and Chilean Antarctica (together with four national parks, three national reserves, and three national monuments). [24] Orogenic and erosional processes have shaped the present-day topography, and glacial erosion is mainly responsible for the sculpturing of the massif in the last tens of thousands of years. Visiting the park is recommended between September and April, during the southern spring, summer and early autumn. Torres del Paine National Park is one of the last remaining places where truly wild guanacos can be found. This study examined four biotic zones that made up the territory of the park, determined by their vegetational type. When threatened, they have a habit of spitting. The flightless Darwin’s rhea also makes its home on the open plains of the park. Above the tree line in the Andean Desert, Escallonia rubra, Empetrum rubrum, and Senecio skottsbergii take the place of Nothofagus pumilio trees. According to the Köppen climate classification, the park lies in the “temperate climate of cold rain without a dry season." [37] The refugio locations also have campsites and tent for hire. The courses of water come from a longitudinal profile and are very turbulent with brusque changes in course, generated by waterfalls and rapids. Torres del Paine National Park Tourism: Tripadvisor has 20,989 reviews of Torres del Paine National Park Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Torres del Paine National Park … Torres del Paine National Park admin 2017-05-03T18:19:45+00:00 We are wildlife fanatics, but we are well aware that perhaps most serious travelers are not as focused on wildlife as we are. It is divided into two arms, because of the appearance of a peninsula of ice, commonly called the Island or Nunatak, that becomes apparent a little more with each year that passes. There is plenty of public transport to get you from Puerto Natales to Torres del Paine National Park. Mirador Las Torres (The Towers) Distance: 8km (5miles) Duration: 4.5 hours. Cover photo full. ", "Video: Dinosaur 'graveyard' discovered in Chile - Telegraph", 20.500.11820/d73c13fd-aeb3-4417-9158-4618d8263360, "Evolution of the Great Tehuelche Paleolake in the Torres del Paine National Park of Chilean Patagonia during the Last Glacial Maximum and Holocene", "Catálogo preliminar de la familia Orchidaceae del Parque Nacional Torres del Paine, XII Región, Chile", "Plantas introducidas en el Parque Nacional Torres del Paine, Chile", "A Wild But Fragile Chile: Torres del Paine National Park", "Las rapaces del Parque Nacional Torres del Paine, Chile: biodiversidad y conservación", "National Geographic The World's Most Beautiful Places Special Issue", Parque Nacional Torres del Paine at CONAF, Torres del Paine at the Chile Tourism Board, Torres del Paine National Park Travel Coverage at, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Torres_del_Paine_National_Park&oldid=991245468, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 01:59. The park, 181,000 hectares on the Seno de Ultima Esperanza, or Last Hope Inlet, was created in 1959 and declared a Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1978. Multi-day treks include the popular "W" route, which takes about three to five days, and the full circuit or "O" route, which typically takes 7 to 9 days. The park is also known for its flora and fauna. These are: Valle del Francés (French Valley), Valle Bader, Valle Ascencio, and Valle del Silencio (Silence Valley). The park can also be reached through maritime and aerial routes. Torres del Paine National Park . The name of the park can be roughly translated as ‘blue towers’ after the hallmark mountain range resembling a … [28] During the late Pleistocene and early Holocene a series of proglacial lakes existed in the Torres del Paine area. [CITATION NEEDED], Nevertheless, recent paleoenvironmental studies performed within the Park indicate that fires have been frequent phenomena at least during the last 12,800 years.[17]. Torres del Paine National Park charges an entrance fee: for adults in high season, 18,000 Chilean pesos ($28); low season, 10,000 CLP ($16). All are vividly colored, most due to rock flour suspended in their waters. The park has been elected as the fifth most beautiful place in the world by National Geographic,[42] and the 8th Wonder of the World by TripAdvisor. Well, get ready to feel precisely that way among the turquoise waters, glaciers and towering granite horns of the Torres del Paine National Park. The longitude of the glacier in its path towards the interior of the park is 15 km. The Cordillera del Paine is the centerpiece of the park. [16] The Israeli government sent reforestation experts to the zone, and has committed to donate trees to replant the affected areas. A study on the beech trees and forest regeneration patterns in the park was published in 1992. The national park has over 252,000 visitors per year. Torres del Paine National Park is considered the 8th Wonder of the World. Soaring almost vertically above the Patagonian steppe, the granite pillars of Torres del Paine (Towers of Paine) dominate the landscape of South America's finest national park.Part of Unesco's Biosphere Reserve system since 1978, this 1810-sq-km park is, … How to get from Puerto Natales to Torres del Paine National Park . [33], Guanacos are one of the most common mammals found in the park. Torres del Paine National Park is ranked #2 out of 9 things to do in Chilean Patagonia. Cooking with the campstove is not permitted except in refugio locations. It lies in a transition area between the Magellanic subpolar forests and the Patagonian Steppes. The Southern Patagonian Ice Field mantles a great portion of the park. This world-class tourist attraction attracts visitors from around the world for its various hiking trails, in particular the popular "W Circuit". Lady Florence Dixie, in her book published in 1880, gave one of the first descriptions of the area and referred to the three towers as Cleopatra's Needles. Torres del Paine National Park Hotels on Tripadvisor: Find 11 164 traveller reviews, 10,912 candid photos, and prices for hotels in Torres del Paine National Park. The amazing granite peaks that reach up to 2,900 meters in height shape the dramatic summits that give the park its name: the Torres … The guanaco is a wild relative of the domesticated llama and alpaca. The park was established on 13 May 1959[7] as Parque Nacional de Turismo Lago Grey (Grey Lake National Tourism Park) and was given its present name in 1970. Small, stunning valleys separate mesmerizing geological features, glaciers, and lakes of impossible blues. [29] The last of these lakes, the Great Tehuelche Paleolake, covered what is now Sarmiento and Del Toro lakes plus a large area to east making Cazador Range a peninsula. [5] She and her party are sometimes credited as being the first "foreign tourists" to visit the area that is now called Torres del Paine National Park.[6]. Since October 2016, it is mandatory to book campsites or refugios before entering the park. Among the lakes are the Dickson Lake, Nordenskjöld Lake, Lake Pehoé, Grey Lake, Sarmiento Lake, and Del Toro Lake. During the southern winter, daylight dwindles to only 8 hours a day. [43], The park can be reached by Chile Route 9, which is paved and connects Punta Arenas and Puerto Natales and continues as an asphalt road for 100 km and then becomes a gravel road. The vegetation of the Patagonian steppe is dominated by Fescue species (mainly Festuca gracillima), which are resistant to harsh winds and weather conditions that are typical of the Patagonian region. The well-known lakes include Grey, Pehoé, Nordenskiöld, and Sarmiento. [38][39] For less adventurous visitors, there are several hotels located in and around the park. The visitor impact on the park has been scientifically measured.[41]. It lies in a transition area between the Magellanic subpolar forests and the Patagonian Steppes. Torres del Paine is a Chilean commune located in the inland of Última Esperanza Province and Magallanes Region.The commune is administered by the municipality in Cerro Castillo, the major settlement in the commune. Torres del Paine National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Torres del Paine) is a national park encompassing mountains, glaciers, lakes, and rivers in southern Chilean Patagonia. Paine means "blue" in the native Tehuelche (Aonikenk) language and is pronounced PIE-nay, while Torres means "towers".[4]. The meteorological conditions of the park are variable due to the complex orography. Most of the rivers and lakes of the park drain into Última Esperanza Sound via Serrano River. Torres del Paine National Park is a beautiful nature park In Torres del Paine National Park we take a nice walk to the Cuernos viewpoint, the closest possible location to fully admire the mountains. Torres del Paine National Park is a maze of towering mountain peaks, turquoise lakes, and sparkling glaciers, but the three more important ones are: Las Torres, Los Cuernos del Paine… The Advanced Land Imager (ALI) on NASA’s Earth Observing-1 (EO-1) satellite captured this summertime image of the park on January 21, 2013. Only a portion of the latter is within the borders of the park. There are buses that leave from Puerto Natales. Ascencio Valley is the normal route to reach the Torres del Paine lookout, which is located at the bank of a milky green tarn. The head of French Valley is a cirque formed by tall cliffs. Torres del Paine National Park is located about five hours north of the town of Punta Arenas, the closest major city. Torres del Paine National Park is part of the Sistema Nacional de Áreas Silvestres Protegidas del Estado de Chile (National System of Protected Forested Areas of Chile). Visit Torres del Paine National Park to sail the Pehoé River and observe the immense floating icebergs of Grey Lake Beach. Cerro Catedral is named so because its east face resembles a cathedral's facade. Winter is relatively cold, with an average high temperature in July of 5 °C (41 °F), and an average low of −3 °C (27 °F). The Cordillera del Paine is the centerpiece of the park. Most visitors arrive at the Carlos Ibáñez Airport, about 12 miles (20 kilometers) north of town, with direct flights from most major Chilean cities. Torres del Paine National Park. The zone is characterized by cool summers, with temperatures lower than 16 °C (61 °F) during the warmest month (January). Torres del Paine is a national park in Chilean Patagonia.It is in the southern tiers of the Andes and features mountains, lakes, and glaciers.. This is probably what … This last glacier is rapidly receding. Torres del Paine National Park is adorned with beautiful vegetation, including the evergreen Embothrium coccineum, which produces vivid red flowers grouped in corymbs, and Calceolaria uniflora, of striking shape and colors. Schedule and Information Season 2019 – 2020; How to Get to Torres del Paine; Useful Tips Torres del Paine; Torres del Paine; National Park; Maps of Torres del Paine; Municipalidades; Plants and animal life of Torres del Paine; What to visit; Accommodation. Studies of the glaciers in the park have given scientists a clearer picture of the epochs of the earth, or what happened after the last glacial age.[21][22][23]. They extend up to 2,500 metres (8,200 ft) above sea level, and are joined by the Cuernos del Paine. Small valleys separate the spectacular granite spires and mountains of the massif. [36] Other birds occurring in the park include the Chilean flamingo, Darwin's rhea, coscoroba swan, black-necked swan, Magellanic woodpecker, Magellan goose, and black-faced ibis. Torres del Paine - Chile - Sudamérica, tour operador oficial [2] It is a popular hiking destination in Chile. This represents double the July–October (winter) rainfall, which are the drier months. Much of the geology of the Paine Massif area consists of Cretaceous sedimentary rocks that have been intruded by a Miocene-aged laccolith. The spectacular nature park is located in Chile’s region of Patagonia and is a masterpiece of huge mountain peaks, bright blue glacial lakes and glistening glaciers. [34] It is also home to the endangered Chilean Huemul. Several European scientists and explorers visited the area in the following decades, including Otto Nordenskiöld, Carl Skottsberg, and Alberto María de Agostini. [6] Gunther Plüschow was the first person to fly over the Paine massif. [30] Ancient lake terraces marks the level attained by these lakes albeit great uncertainty exists regarding their evolution.[29]. Torres del Paine National Park . Welcome, here you will find trips, tours, programs, excursions, information, tips and much more. It is also part of the End of the World Route, a tourist scenic route. Torres del Paine National Park. The Czech government offered aid after the fire and donated US$1 million to reforestation efforts. A good example of the latter is the Cuernos del Paine, whose central bands of exposed granite contrast strongly with the dark aspect of their tops, which are remnants of a heavily eroded sedimentary stratum. [9] The park was designated a World Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO in 1978. The Great Tehuelche Paleolake vanished after being drained about 7,113 years before present. The sun has since removed a lot of clouds, but unfortunately the highest … The main river flowing through the park is Paine River. The largest is Glacier Grey. Fantastico Sur (private) and Vertice Patagonia (concessionaire) and the national parks service CONAF feature various refugios and campsites in the park. The park contains breeding populations of 15 bird of prey species and two others are likely reproducing here. Torres del Paine is a national park in the Extreme South region of Patagonian Chile.It is located in the southern tiers of the Andes and features mountains, lakes and glaciers.. The Magellanic deciduous forest is home to various species of trees such as the Nothofagus pumilio and Nothofagus antarctica. See pictures and our review of Torres del Paine National Park. Some of the dominant plant species of the Pre-Andean shrubland are Mulinum spinosum (a cushion plant) and Escallonia rubra, which are frequently associated with other species, including Anathrophyllun desideratum and Berberis buxifolia. The park is located 112 km (70 mi) north of Puerto Natales and 312 km (194 mi) north of Punta Arenas. Glaciers include the Dickson, the Grey, and the Tyndall. www.torresdelpaine.com - contacto@torresdelpaine.com Other mammals include foxes and pumas. In June 2014, scientists uncovered fossils of at least 46 ancient specimens of nearly complete skeletons of dolphin-like creatures called Ichthyosaurs which lived between 245 and 90 million years ago. The Southern Patagonian Ice Field feeds four main glaciers; they are from north to south the glaciers: Dickson, Grey, Zapata, and Tyndall. Book your tickets online for Torres del Paine National Park, Torres del Paine National Park: See 6,033 reviews, articles, and 6,206 photos of Torres del Paine National Park, ranked No.1 on Tripadvisor among 15 attractions in Torres del Paine National Park. The park possesses a large drainage network, which consists of numerous rivers, streams, lakes, ponds, and cascades that come from the Southern Patagonia Ice Field and flow towards the southeast until the Última Esperanza Sound that bathes the coasts of the city of Puerto Natales. Torres Del Paine National Park . [40], Hikers are not allowed to stray from the paths in the national park. The puma's predation on guanacos in the park has been studied.[35]. The blaze affected the areas east and south around Lake Pehoé. The park borders Bernardo O'Higgins National Park to the west and the Los Glaciar… Grinding glaciers and granite peaks mingle in Chile’s Torres del Paine National Park. The Torres del Paine are the distinctive three granite peaks of the Paine mountain range or Paine Massif. Hikers can opt for a day trip to see the towers, French Valley or Glacier Grey or a multi-day trek. Torres del Paine. The sun has since removed a lot of clouds, but unfortunately the highest … The glaciers, including Grey, Pingo and Tyndall, belong to the Southern Patagonia Ice Field. The park averages around 252,000 visitors a year, of which 54% are foreign tourists,[2] who come from many countries all over the world. The Southern Patagonian Ice Field takes up the entire western side of the park. The finding came after melting glaciers revealed new rock faces beneath. The park borders Bernardo O'Higgins National Park to the west and the Los Glaciares National Park to the north in Argentine territory. [25] In the case of Las Torres, what once was their overlying sedimentary rock layer has been completely eroded away, leaving behind the more resistant granite. Cerro Cota 2000 is named for its elevation; its highest contour line is about 2,000 m (6,562 ft). The last study of significant scope carried out concerning the flora of the park was realized by Pisano in 1974. To the east, from north to south, lie the peaks Fortaleza (Fortress), La Espada (The Sword), La Hoja (The Blade), La Máscara (The Mummer), Cuerno Norte (North Horn), and Cuerno Principal (Main Horn). [10], In 1985, a tourist started a fire that burned about 150 km2 (58 sq mi) of the park. Torres del Paine National Park covers 181,414 hectares of Patagonian land and includes a massive variety of landscapes ranging from grasslands to subpolar forests and even glaciers. The eighth natural wonder of the world and home to some of South America's best treks. [26][27], During the last glacial period glacier extent in the area peaked about 48,000 years ago, much earlier than for the more northern locations of Chiloé and Llanquihue. From left to right they are known as Torres d'Agostini, Torres Central and Torres Monzino. Together, the protected forested areas comprise about 51% of the land of the region (6,728,744 hectares). [1] It is one of the largest and most visited parks in Chile. In the Valley of Silence the gigantic granite walls of Cerro Fortaleza and Cerro Escudo (Shield Mountain) stand face to face with the western faces of the Torres del Paine. The area also boasts valleys, rivers such as the Paine, lakes, and glaciers. The highest mountain of the group is Paine Grande, whose height was measured in 2011 using GPS and found to be 2,884 m (9,462 ft). The windiest months are November - January,[18] which coincides with the peak tourism season. Torres del Paine National Park is a beautiful nature park In Torres del Paine National Park we take a nice walk to the Cuernos viewpoint, the closest possible location to fully admire the mountains. During summer, daylight hours are long given the southern latitude. The landscape of the park is dominated by the Paine massif, which is an eastern spur of the Andes located on the east side of the Grey Glacier, rising dramatically above the Patagonian steppe. The park is famous for strong winds. Torres del Paine National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Torres del Paine)[3] is a national park encompassing mountains, glaciers, lakes, and rivers in southern Chilean Patagonia. [13] This burned about 176 km2 (68 sq mi) of the reserve,[14] destroying about 36 km² of native forest[15] and affecting most of the areas around Lake Pehoé and the western areas around Lake Sarmiento, but moving away from the Cordillera del Paine, the park's centerpiece. [8], In 1977, Guido Monzino donated 12,000 hectares (30,000 acres) to the Chilean Government when its definitive limits were established. Best Dining in Torres del Paine National Park, Magallanes Region: See 719 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 16 Torres del Paine National Park restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. Flora of the precipitation in the winter using tyre chains is recommended between September and,! Meaning `` blue '' by UNESCO in 1978 shelter and basic services has a width around 3.6 km has documented. 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