These include the national parks previously created at Skaftafell in the southwest and Jökulsárgljúfur in the north, so that the national park now covers 13% of Iceland and ranks as Europe’s largest. Temperatures on the southern part of the ice cap are almost always below zero in winter and can reach -20 Â°C or -30 Â°C. Vonarskarð, northwest of the glacier, is a colourful high-temperature area and a watershed between North and South Iceland. Fly above the stark landscape of Vatnajökull National Park, swoop past Iceland’s highest peak and see the iconic springs, falls and canyons of the ‘golden circle.’ Choose two additional landing spots; spot a steamy geyser, take a walk over the craggy terrain or enjoy your picnic lunch on Fimmvorouhals Pass. Vatnajökull National Park With an area of over 14,000 sq km (over 5,400 sq miles), Vatnajökull is the second largest national park in Europe (the largest is found in Russia). Most of the national park's highland area is however inaccessible during the winter. Vatnajökull National Park is a natural marvel where active volcanoes meet arctic ice in a constant battle for survival. It encompasses all of Vatnajökull glacier and extensive surrounding areas. The visitor centres in Ásbyrgi and Skriðuklaustur are open from the beginning of May throughout September, but can be opened during winter on appointment. Nowhere in Iceland, with the exception of Mýrdalsjökull glacier, does more precipitation fall or more water drain to the sea than on the south side of Vatnajökull. Northerly winds bring clouds, with cool and possibly wet weather in the north of the country, while the south is brighter and milder. Covering 13% of Iceland’s surface, this is the largest national park in Western Europe, and has a range of outstanding natural wonders which truly capture the interplay between fire and ice. These include the national parks previously existing at Skaftafell in the southwest and Jökulsárgljúfur in the north. The volcanic table mountain Herðubreið towers over this particular region, along with volcanoes Askja, Snæfell and Kverkfjöll. Frequent volcanic eruptions in the area, mostly in Grímsvötn, are the reason for the sandy wasteland between the glacier and the sea by the river Skeiðará. The park was founded on 7 June 2008 and includes the former Skaftafell and Jökulsárgljúfur National Parks. It even hides some active central volcanoes, of which Bárðarbunga is the largest and Grímsvötn the most active. It is in the south-east of the island, covering approximately 8% of the country. The canyon Jökulsárgljúfur was carved out by glacial floods centuries ago. When established, the park covered an area of 12,000 km2, but with recent additions of Lakagígar, Langisjór, Krepputunga and Jökulsárlón (including its surrounding areas) it now covers 14,141 km2 or approximately 14% of Iceland, making it Europe's second largest national park in terms of area after Yugyd Va in Russia. The opening times of the stations vary from area to area, with the first rangers arriving when the relevant highland roads are opened, soon after the middle of June, and the last rangers leaving at the end of September. The scenery encircling the glacier is extremely varied. The Western Territory extends over the south-western part of Vatnajökull and a large area outside the glacier, including Lakagígar craters and Langisjór. In its southwestern part, Lakagígar is a series of craters formed during the Skaftáreldar eruption in 1783 which left behind lava flows extending over 60 km. Vatnajökull National Park in July experiences fresh days with almost complete cloudy sky. At th… A visitor centre and a campsite are located in Skaftafell. Skaftafell is a paradise for those who like to enjoy outdoor activities in Icelandic nature. VIEW Vatnajökull National Park has a wide variety of tectonic, volcanic and glaciovolcanic features. It covers 14% of Iceland, and so contains a range of natural features, including mountains, volcanoes, glacial lakes and rivers, and of course, Vatnajökull glacier. A visitor centre and a campsite are located in Ásbyrgi, along with a campsite in Vesturdalur. Jökulsárgljúfur is the northernmost part of Vatnajökull National Park, with separate boundaries, but geographically connected to the rest of the park by the glacial river Jökulsá á Fjöllum. [3] Generally measuring 400–600 m in thickness and at the most 950 m, the glacial ice conceals a number of mountains, valleys and plateaus. This process happens everywhere above the snowline on the Vatnajökull ice cap. These include the national parks previously existing at Skaftafell in the southwest and Jökulsárgljúfur in the north. The highland west of the Vatnajökull ice cap is mostly wilderness. We have reviews of the best places to see in Vatnajokull National Park. In the highlands, most ranger stations offer daily interpretive walks from early July until mid-August. It includes the Skaftafell and Jökulsárgljúfur national parks within its borders. Areas of pristine wilderness and unique geological formations. In fact, so much water is currently stored in Vatnajökull that the Icelandic river with the greatest flow, Ölfusá, would need over 200 years to carry this quantity of water to sea.[4]. These sand are mostly com… Vatnajökull National Park is divided into four territories, each of them locally managed. Read more Nýidalur Vonarskarð Tungnaáröræfi, Vatnajökull National Park and Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19). Jökulsárgljúfur is the northernmost part of Vatnajökull National Park, with separate boundaries, but geographically connected to the rest of the park by the glacial river Jökulsá á Fjöllum. From mid-June to mid-August, rangers guide daily interpretive walks at Ásbyrgi and Skaftafell. The difference in temperature can be 10 Â°C or greater. Information centres in co-operation with the national park are run in Höfn, Hoffell, Hólmur and Skálafell. A map showing the park’s boundaries The park was founded on 7 June 2008 and includes the former Skaftafell and Jökulsárgljúfur National Parks. The same applies to westerly or south westerly winds, which bring warmer weather in the east. Vatnajokull National Park encompasses an enormous area in south Iceland and was officially formed in 2008 by joining together Jokulsargljufur and Skaftafell National Parks. The alert section will be updated with changes in park and facility operations. It is situated on large and active tectonic rift systems. From prices and availability to skip-the-line options and mobile tickets, get all the information you need to make the most of your trip to Iceland. An information centre is located in Kirkjubæjarklaustur, jointly run by the national park … An information centre is located in Kirkjubæjarklaustur, jointly run by the national park and the local community. "Vatnajökull National Park on World Heritage List", "Vatnajokull National Park | South Iceland | Iceland Travel", "Vatnajökull National Park - UNESCO World Heritage Centre", Official website of Vatnajökull National Park, Ministry for the Environment in Iceland: Vatnajökulsþjóðgarður, Vatnajökull National Park – dynamic nature of fire and ice, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vatnajökull_National_Park&oldid=988814639, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Vatnajökull National Park - dynamic nature of fire and ice, This page was last edited on 15 November 2020, at 11:57. [READ MORE], The summer schedule of the park is now available. The sun sets between 11:45 PM and 10:22 PM in July in Vatnajökull National Park. High winds and storms are common, and therefore wind-chill has to be taken into account as the wind can have a substantial effect on outdoor comfort, even when the ambient temperature is relatively high. Skaftafell. [3], Vatnajökull is Europe's largest glacier outside the arctic, with a surface area of 8,100 km2. Rivers divide the highland plateau to the north of the park. While the icecap rises at its highest to over 2,000 m above sea level, the glacier base reaches its lowest point 300 m below sea level. The park now covers an area of 14,141 square kilometres (5,460 square miles), 14% of the country. [1], On 5 July 2019, Vatnajökull National Park was inscribed as a World Heritage Site. The south side of Vatnajökull is characterised by many high, majestic mountain ridges, with outlet glaciers descending between them onto the lowlands. Vatnajökull National Park was established in 2008. The Southern Territory extends throughout the south-eastern part of Vatnajökull, or from Lómagnúpur mountain in the west to Lón and Lónsöræfi in the east. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. Vatnajökull National Park was established in 2008. The southernmost part of the glacier envelops the central volcano Öræfajökull and Iceland's highest peak, Hvannadalshnjúkur. Snæfellstofa is Vatnajökull National Park’s most recent visitor centre. Let's take a trip to Vatnajökull Park. Precipitation in low-lying areas south of the Vatnajökull ice cap is considerable, ranging from 1,000 mm a year to 3,000 mm per year. It was established in 2008 and encompasses not only all of Vatnajökull glacier but also extensive surrounding areas. In the south region is the former national park Skaftafell which became a part of the larger Vatnajökull National park in 2008. What time does the sun set in July in Vatnajökull National Park? Typically temperature fluctuates around 15℃ and wind is gentle breeze. These sands are mostly composed of ash which stems from the frequent eruptions at Grímsvötn and is brought to the coast by jökulhlaups, or glacial floods. The unique qualities of Vatnajökull National Park are primarily its great variety of landscape features, created by the combined forces of rivers, glacial ice, and volcanic and geothermal activity. The area known as Skaftafell used to be its own national park, until it was combined with … The list of things to do in Vatnajökull National Park includes highlights such as activities on the glacier, Svartifoss waterfall, and Jökulsárlón glacier lagoon. Outlet glaciers and glacial lakes characterise the area that consist of Jökulsárlón, Hoffell, Heinaberg and Hjallanes. Vatnajökull National Park was established in June 2008 and has slowly grown to include more and more areas. When it comes to things to do in Iceland, Vatnajökull National Park should be at the very top of everyone’s list. Today, it covers an area of 5460 square miles (14,141 km2). Vatnajökull National Park (Icelandic: Vatnajökulsþjóðgarður) is one of three national parks in Iceland. These areas are an important habitat for reindeer and pink-footed geese. The northern part of Vatnajökull National park and surrounding area is a magnificent landscape full of geological wonders. [2], Vatnajökull National Park was established on 7 June 2008. The protected region has grown larger as other nature reserves have become attached to the national park. Vatnajökull National Park is one of three national parks in Iceland, and it encompasses all of Vatnajökull—Europe’s largest glacier—along with a large swath of the surrounding area. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Vatnajokull National Park, Iceland on Tripadvisor: See 3,212 traveler reviews and photos of Vatnajokull National Park tourist attractions. Further north beyond the ice cap, annual precipitation decreases. The second-largest national park in Europe is Vatnajökull National Park, which is one of three national parks in Iceland.It encompasses all of Vatnajökull glacier and extensive surrounding areas. Vatnajokull National Park Tourism: Tripadvisor has 6,806 reviews of Vatnajokull National Park Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Vatnajokull National Park resource. The Vatnajökull Region stretches over a large area on the southeast coast of Iceland, from the majestic mountain Lómagnúpur in the west over to the captivating landscape of Hvalnes in east. Long ago, huge glacial floods carved out the canyon of Jökulsárgljúfur in the northern reaches of this plateau. Broad wetlands and expansive ranges distinguish the areas near the glacier and farther east, around Snæfell. Containing 12,000 km 2 the park covers about 12% of the surface of Iceland. With primitive roads and limited infrastructure it is an ideal area to seek solitude. Visit top-rated & must-see attractions. It covers an area of 12,000 square kilometers (4,600 sq mi) and could be explored for weeks at a … A visitor centre is located at Skriðuklaustur. North-east of the ice cap it drops to between 350 and 450 mm per year, the lowest in Iceland. It encompasses all of Vatnajökull glacier and extensive surrounding areas. Travellers in the Vatnajökull Region have the privilege of visiting Europe’s largest glacier, Vatnajökull, along with numerous nearby attractions Vatnajökull (literally "Glacier of Lakes"; sometimes translated as Vatna Glacier in English) is the largest and most voluminous ice cap in Iceland, and the second largest in area in Europe after the Severny Island ice cap of Novaya Zemlya. In the mountains and on the ice cap itself, annual precipitation can reach to between 4,000 and 5,000 mm, for the most part in the form of snow. Updates concerning Vatnajökull National Park and novel coronavirus (COVID19), WARNING: Civil Protection advises against travel on Svínafellsjökull due to landslide danger. Temperatures range between 10 Â°C and 20 Â°C in summer, while winters are rather mild (the thermometer rarely falls below -10 Â°C and the temperature is often well above freezing point). Its somewhat conical shape indicates that it is an ancient central volcano that has been dormant for the past 10,000 years. The Western Territory extends over the south-western part of Vatnajökull and a large area outside the glacier, including Lakagígar craters and Langisjór. The depth of snow on Öræfajökull after a high-precipitation winter is between 10 and 15 m. Some of the snow will melt, while the rest forms glacial ice. The reverse is true of easterly winds, which bring coolness and precipitation in the east and dry, better weather in the west of Iceland. Vatnajökull National Park Vatnajökull National Park in Iceland is the largest national park in Europe and a natural world heritage site. The park was founded on June 7th, 2008 and includes the former Skaftafell and Jökulsárgljúfur National Parks. The area in Skaftafell is truly a natural wonder created throughout the history by different influences of fire and ice. 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