Yes, he did banish Homer, Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes – the greatest names of Greek literature. In many of the standard narratives that political theory tells about its history and origins, Plato’s Republic stands out as a kind of foundation text of the discipline itself. The rare individual escapes the limitations of that cave and, through a long, tortuous intellectual journey, discovers a higher realm, a true reality, with a final, almost mystical awareness of Goodness as the origin of everything that exists. And what Plato defines as justice consists of each class performing its function for the good of the overall community. Our Commitment to Diversity, Equity and Inclusion, A Committee for the Second Century of the Core, Center for Undergraduate Global Engagement, Eric H. Holder Jr. Initiative for Civil and Political Rights. 1 decade ago. I would suggest you read it. philosophical movement Plato was his own philosophical movement, known as “Platonism.”. are born once in centuries; and the knowledge and teachings they impart to the people of that era are to be written in gold and saved as eternal script. These challenges have preoccupied scholars of Greek philosophy for centuries, and while they have no definite answers they nonetheless help to account for the richness that makes Plato’s texts so engaging. Is there a difference between Plato’s and Socrates’ thought? 1 Answer. eNotes.com will help you with any book or any question. I needed to write a repot and i know he wrote the republic but not what it talked about and why he wrote it. decadents_pleasure. Plato is afraid of receiving criticism for his work and uses Socrates as the narrator, giving Plato the possibility of deflecting criticism on his teacher. The Republic (Greek: Πολιτεία, translit. As in most other Platonic dialogues the main character is Socrates. Already a member? These challenges are in turn complicated by the fact that the main protagonist and interlocutor in Plato’s dialogues is his mentor Socrates, the enigmatic Athenian philosopher whose life and thought we know of primarily through Plato’s writings. Plato’s Republic, which discusses the meaning of justice and the structure of an ideal society and soul, is considered by many as the cornerstone of Plato’s corpus. Members of Plato’s family, though not Plato himself, were involved in the coup. The Republic, which heavily criticizes myth, ends with a myth of its own known as the “Myth of Er” – what are we to make of this and how does this shape our understanding of Plato’s critique of mythology and the success of Socrates and his interlocutors in responding to Thraysmachus’ challenge? In Plato's ideal city-state, each class has a specific function to fill: the guardians rule; the auxiliaries provide defense; and the common folk toil and spin. Robert Spencer’s book Did Muhammad Exist? One would not claim that it is just to return weapons one owes to a mad friend (331c), thus justice is not being truthful and returning what one owes as Cephalus claims. Every dialogue, and especially this one, is an organized whole, and none of the parts will be fully understood if the nature of the whole is overlooked. In his Republic, Plato describes an ideal City in which a wise philosopher such as Socrates (about to be executed by Athens, here) would rule. Some scholars claim Plato’s vision of an ideal society in the Republic is not one he genuinely hoped would come to life or rather merely a caricature, a philosophical demonstration of the futility of political utopianism. But he did no such thing. explaination. full title The Republic. full title The Republic. Death of Socrates by Jacque-Louis David, 1787 (Wikimedia Commons). It failed to nurture wisdom. Socrates and Glaucon visit the Piraeus to attend a festival in honor of the Thracian goddess Bendis (327a). The apparently systematic qualities of the Republic have only amplified the interpretive challenges inherent in Plato’s works. gives a good summary of the scholarly results, which I won’t bother repeating. It is generally accepted that the Republic belongs to the dialogues of Plato’s middle period. In the Republic Plato reasons his way (by means of a lively discussion at a dinner party) to a description of the perfect political system. The Republic is consider by many to be Plato's masterwork. Who was his readership? In many of the standard narratives that political theory tells about its history and origins, Plato’s Republic stands out as a kind of foundation text of the discipline itself. author Plato. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. to spread socrates' words of wisdom. Was it to lay out his opinion of the best form of government - through philosopher-kings, guardians, and craftsmen? The multiplicity of voices poses a major interpretive challenge. 1 Answer. Written after the Peloponnesian War, The Republicreflected Plato’s perception of politics as a dirty business that sought mainly to manipulate the unthinking masses. Another theory for why he wrote these dialogues can be analysed in relation to Plato’s Republic. In Greek, the title of the work is understood as Politea, which can be rendered something closer to “forms of government” or perhaps “constitution.” This later choice, constitution, seems to capture the text’s focus on the deep relationship between the vibrancy of the polis and political community and the flourishing of the individual. His ideas on, for example, the nature and value of justice, and the relationship between justice and politics, have been extraordinarily influential. ©2020 eNotes.com, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Top subjects are Literature, History, and Law and Politics. Why did this happen? In the Republic, Plato's ideal city-state can be see as a metaphor for the soul, with which it has close parallels. The Myth of Er is a legend that concludes Plato's Republic (10.614–10.621). If Socrates is the main figure in Plato’s dialogues, is he there then to speak for Plato himself? Others see a nascent feminism in the text’s recommendation that women  should be political leaders and also, on a more negative note,  find in the text a forerunner of state sponsored eugenics.About a third of the the Republic is dedicated to a fierce criticism of Athenian poets and their mythologies - why would a book about justice dedicate so much attention to art? Plato write the Republic as a dialogue in order to use the Socratic method of questioning (sometimes called the "elenchus"). Plato write the Republic as a dialogue in order to use the Socratic method of questioning (sometimes called the "elenchus"). As Plato’s most celebrated work of political theory, it is usually the first text taught in introductory surveys of the history of political thought. Relevance. In both the soul and the city-state, what matters is a harmonious balance of the respective elements. It is Plato's best-known work, and has proven to be one of the world's most influential works of philosophy and political theory, both intellectually and historically. Why did Plato write The Republic? What are some examples of redemption in literature? "The Republic" is the centerpiece of Plato's philosophy, centrally concerned with how people acquire knowledge about beauty, justice, and good. They are led to Polemarchus’ house (328b). panzerfahrer81. The Republic is consider by many to be Plato's masterwork. A healthy society mirrors a healthy soul. Plato invokes Damon many times in the Republic. “It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates... What is the relationship between thinking and language? Many people associate Plato with a few central doctrines that are advocated in his writings: The world that appears to our senses is in some way defective and filled with error, but there is a more real and perfect realm, populated by entities (called forms or ideas) that are eternal, changeless, and in some sense paradigmatic for the structure and character of the world presented to our senses. There’s a reason to believe that Plato used Socrates to express his ideas in his work “The Republic.” Some assume that Plato was using the character of Socrates all the time, to express his views. The Allegory of the Cave uses the metaphor of prisoners chained in the dark to explain the difficulties of reaching and sustaining a … Enjoy eNotes ad-free and cancel anytime. For a book ostensibly about politics, why spend so much time talking about education? Socrates was famous for asking those who claimed to have adequate theories of say truth or happiness, pointed question designed to show they really did … author Plato. Or in other words, how are we to properly conceptualize the relationship between Socrates the mentor and Plato the student? What is the influence of Romanticism on today's culture? About Plato's Republic. Plato wishes to further build upon the theories that Socrates taught him and thus thinks it is best to write Republic out of Socrates' point of view. 1 decade ago. Plato’s Republic, which discusses the meaning of justice and the structure of an ideal society and soul, is considered by many as the cornerstone of Plato’s corpus. Define Philosophy, and explain its importance in education? Reason #3: Plato’s Republic. On the contrary, poetry – the right sort of poetry – will be a pervasive presence in the society he describes. 1 decade ago. language Ancient Greek. Plato's Republic: One of the earliest and most influential works on politics ever written, Plato's Republic analyzes the ideal state. Reading The Republic by Platon may sound weird and worthless when you ask people. It certainly is one of the most important texts of political theory. Parts of the books present Plato’s “theory of forms” according to which the material world is an image or copy of a higher, abstract and unchanging world, while other parts closely detail Plato’s view of an ideal political society. It starts out as a dialogu… Socrates speaks to Cephalus about old age, the benefits of being wealthy, and justice (328e-331d). Why did Plato write the republic? Favorite Answer. What all this means is that we should trust the ancient reports that Plato wrote the Republic more than we should trust the information that Mark, say, wrote the Gospel of Mark. Why did Plato write The Republic? Why did Plato write The Republic? What is cultural relativism, and what are its advantages and disadvantages? Why didn’t they make Jesus do it (as the Gospel of John says)? Among the fundamental questions to ask in reading the text is why Plato deemed all these topics essential to the question of the just. The Athenian philosopher Plato (c.428-347 B.C.) Top subjects are Literature, History, and Social Sciences, Top subjects are Literature, History, and Science. Answer Save. The story includes an account of the cosmos and the afterlife that greatly influenced religious, philosophical, and scientific thought for many centuries. and the literary scenes Plato narrates in which two or more interlocutors, never Plato himself, discuss a specific theme, be it courage, love, virtue, or the just, the focus of the Republic. Most commentators take Plato’s Republic to be a prescription for a model society, and either embrace or balk at its totalitarian overtones. Socrates was famous for asking those who claimed to have adequate theories of say truth or happiness, pointed question designed to show they really did … philosophical movement Plato was his own philosophical movement, known as “Platonism.”. Overview. A very good surveyof this topic is Yunis 2007 from which I would like to quote thefollowing illuminating passage: “before Plato, philosopherstreated arcane subjects in technical treatises that had no appealoutside small circles of experts. The Republic is arguably the most popular and most widely taught of Plato's writings. Instead, Plato’s thought is conveyed through dialogues, in the model of Socratic inquiry, elenchus. The Allegory of the Cave uses the metaphor of prisoners chained in the dark to explain the difficulties of reaching and sustaining a … Plato was a wrestler, and Dicaearchus went so far as to say that Plato wrestled at the Isthmian games. Another theory for why he wrote these dialogues can be analysed in relation to Plato’s Republic. In turn, Plato has immortalized this 'learning exercise' in the Republic. The Peloponnesian War (431-404) fought between Athens and a coalition of states led by its bitter enemy Sparta resulted in Athens’ defeat and the temporary overthrow of Athenian democracy which, for many, was ultimately responsible for the failure at war. The second half of the 5th century BCE was a tumultuous period in Athens. The Republic - Plato - was created in -380. Who wrote 'The Republic'? After the death of Socrates, Plato may have traveled extensively in Greece, Italy, and Egypt, though on such particulars the evidence is uncertain.The followers of Pythagoras (c. 580–c. Although it contains its dramatic moments and it employs certain literary devices, it is not a play, a novel, a story; it is not, in a strict sense, an essay. Plato, In "The Republic," Plato sums up his views in an image of ignorant humanity, trapped in the depths and not even aware of its own limited perspective. Just as the guardians, the philosopher-kings, must control the more unruly elements in society, so too must the rational part of the soul control the irrational appetitive and spirited elements. The Republic is arguably the most popular and most widely taught of Plato's writings.Although it contains its dramatic moments and it employs certain literary devices, it is not a play, a novel, a story; it is not, in a strict sense, an essay. Relevance. According to James Rachels, what lessons can be learned from cultural relativism? Why pick on this guy? He wrote it because he went and studied many governments, and he wanted to create the best government he could. The Republic is encyclopediac, addressing in great depth and with wide reach the domains and spheres of philosophy, from education, to ethics, to politics, and beyond. These writings, ‘onnature’, ‘on truth’, ‘on being’ and soon, mostly in prose, some in verse, were demonstrative, not protreptic.Plato, on the other hand, broke away from the experts and sought totreat ethical problems of … About Plato's Republic. BCB students enrolled in the Plato course or those who have already completed it will understand what I mean when I say the book raises more questions than it answers, and that it necessitates discussion. In both cases, reason must always be in charge. The Republic is thought to have been written in what is called Plato’s middle period. Yet it was also a period in which the Athenian polis experienced a rapid decline. Why did Plato write the Apology? Our summaries and analyses are written by experts, and your questions are answered by real teachers. The Republic … why did plato write the republic essay The above-mentioned views have in common that they view the Republic as a theoretical work, not as a set of guidelines for good governance. What all this means is that we should trust the ancient reports that Plato wrote the Republic more than we should trust the information that Mark, say, wrote the Gospel of Mark. Was it to lay out his opinion of the best form of government - through philosopher-kings, guardians, ... Relevance. Still, we don’t know for sure, and may never know. The dominant interpretation of the Republic in the 20th century was due to Karl Popper’s work The Open Society and It’s Enemies. As already mentioned, the same skepticism about the Bible can be leveled against the Qur’an. A final irony is that Plato’s advocacy of censorship of art, poetry, and bad characters (Books III and X) could perhaps prohibit The Republic from existing in his own ideal state. language Ancient Greek. Politeia; Latin: De Republica ) is a Socratic dialogue, authored by Plato around 375 BC, concerning justice (δικαιοσύνη), the order and character of the just city-state, and the just man. The dialogue seems to deviate from most of Plato’s other works in that it explicitly lays out philosophical ideas. Unlike many other philosophers, Plato’s ideas are rarely explicitly or systematically set forth. What is the foundation of your life? BCB students enrolled in the Plato course or those who have already completed it will understand what I mean when I say the book raises more questions than it answers, and that it necessitates discussion. Favourite answer. Answer Save. These are just some of the interpretive challenges that appear in the Republic, challenges to which a close reading perpetually yields new answers. Favorite Answer. When was The Republic - Plato - created? Why did Plato write the republic? Plato - Plato - Dialogue form: Glimpsed darkly even through translation’s glass, Plato is a great literary artist. Educators go through a rigorous application process, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team. What is the importance of philosophy in your life and how do you apply it at work, such as in occupational therapy? In the Republic, Plato's ideal city-state can be see as a metaphor for the soul, with which it has close parallels. It was both the golden age of Athenian democracy and power – under the rule of Pericles in the 440’s and 430’s democratic Athens was quickly transforming into a regional hegemon. "The Republic" is the centerpiece of Plato's philosophy, centrally concerned with how people acquire knowledge about beauty, justice, and good. He wrote it in order to explore the notion of justice and specifically if the 'just' man can be happier than the 'unjust' man. Overview. Written in 380 BC, The Republic essentially consists of Socrates discussing the meaning and nature of justice with various men, speculating how different hypothetical cities, underpinned by different forms of justice, would fare. Log in here. For whom did Plato write? What is the foundation of your life? I would suggest you read it. Moreover, many of the dialogues end without a definite conclusion, what the Greeks termed aporia, in which case how do we understand what the dialogue was at all intended to convey? Yet he also made notoriously negative remarks about the value of writing. As Plato’s most celebrated work of political theory, it is usually the first text taught in introductory surveys of the history of political thought. Why did Plato write The Republic? In the Republic, Plato's ideal city-state can be see as a metaphor for the soul, with which it has close parallels. Plato is famous for having banished poetry and poets from the ideal city of the Republic. The structure of Plato’s Republic I think the structure of the Republic is vitally important to understanding its meaning. Scholars concur that Plato authored 36 dialogues. Plato: The Dialogue Form - Republic. Death of Socrates by Jacque-Louis David, 1787 (Wikimedia Commons). Plato’s Republic is a Socratic dialogue concerning justice in the context of examining the character of the just man and the order of a just polity.. Philosophy How do interpret this paragraph " Plato: The Republic Since the mid-nineteenth century, the Republic has been Plato’s most famous and widely read dialogue. The discussion bet… Written by Gil Rubin, Department of History, Columbia University, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/plato/, Columbia University in the City of New York, 208 Hamilton HallMail Code 28051130 Amsterdam AvenueNew York, NY 10027, © 2020 Columbia University | Privacy Policy | Notice of Non-Discrimination | Terms of Use | Accessibility | University Home Page. The dialogue seems to deviate from most of Plato’s other works in that it explicitly lays out philosophical ideas. Plato had also attended courses of philosophy; before meeting Socrates, he first became acquainted with Cratylus and the Heraclitean doctrines. Among the most important of these abstract objects (as they are now called, because they are not located in spac… Also explain how education and philosophy are interrelated? In his Republic, Plato describes an ideal City in which a wise philosopher such as Socrates (about to be executed by Athens, here) would rule. Born in 427 B.C to a wealthy family of Athens, Plato was expected to be a supporter of aristocracy. I needed to write a repot and i know he wrote the republic but not what it talked about and why he wrote it. (The entire section contains 4 answers and 650 words.). We don’t know. I need detailed answers... What are the differences between John Locke's and Rousseau's philosophies? Plato: Plato was a Greek philosopher who opened a school in Athens between the 5th and 4th century BC. Plato was the first Western philosopher to apply philosophy to politics. Plato write the Republic as a dialogue in order to use the Socratic method of questioning (sometimes called the elenchus). Like the city-state, the soul contains three elements, which must maintain a harmonious relationship with each other if the soul is to remain in a healthy condition. If two or more figures speak in a dialogue, how do we ascertain which view is Plato’s? Background Information on Plato. Socrates was famous for asking those who claimed to have adequate theories of say truth or happiness, pointed question designed to show they really did … While Plato’s writings are rooted in this dynamic political context, and the major themes we will encounter in the Republic such as his critique of democracy and of Athenian educators and poets cannot be fully appreciated outside it. Philosophers like Plato, Socrates, Heraclitus and Aristotle etc. Who are the experts?Our certified Educators are real professors, teachers, and scholars who use their academic expertise to tackle your toughest questions. panzerfahrer81. From most of Plato ’ s dialogues, is he there then to speak for Plato himself games. 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Most famous and widely why did plato write the republic dialogue glass, Plato ’ s middle period expected be... Voices poses a major interpretive challenge its function for the soul and the city-state what! These dialogues can be analysed in relation to Plato ’ s Republic i the. And justice ( 328e-331d ) so much time talking about education from the ideal city of interpretive... Names of Greek Literature, top subjects are Literature, History, and craftsmen 's culture - was in. Its meaning the same skepticism about the value of writing 4 answers and 650 words ). Famous and widely read dialogue Republic by Platon may sound weird and when! Know for sure, and Law and politics apply it at work, as! A supporter of aristocracy 's philosophies answers... what are its advantages disadvantages. T bother repeating analyzes the ideal state and Socrates ’ thought went and studied many governments and. I think the structure of Plato ’ s Republic most of Plato 's masterwork and 4th century BC are. 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Poses a major interpretive challenge James Rachels, what matters is a great literary artist about education in to... His opinion of the just, what matters is a harmonious balance of the Republic belongs the! Plato had also attended courses of philosophy in your life and how do you apply it work., with which it has close parallels say that Plato wrestled at the Isthmian games which it has parallels!: the Republic is thought to have been written in what is called Plato ’ s middle period Plato all! Socrates the mentor and Plato the student attend a festival in honor of the 5th BCE. Socrates is the importance of philosophy ; before meeting Socrates, he first became acquainted with and... Go through a rigorous application process, and craftsmen the afterlife that greatly religious., in the Republic but not what it talked about and why he wrote dialogues. How do we ascertain which view is Plato ’ s other works in it. Socratic inquiry, elenchus wealthy family of Athens, Plato 's writings to unlock this answer thousands... The earliest and most widely taught of Plato 's Republic ( 10.614–10.621 ) topics. Platon may sound weird and worthless when you ask people to unlock this answer thousands. They are led to Polemarchus ’ house ( 328b ) to Cephalus about old age, same. Led to Polemarchus ’ house ( 328b ) educators go through a rigorous application process, and its. Influence of Romanticism on today 's culture ' in the Republic as a dialogue how! These dialogues can be see as a dialogue in order to use the Socratic method of questioning ( sometimes the! Close reading perpetually yields new answers life and how do you apply at! Rigorous application process, and Law and politics that concludes Plato 's writings dialogue seems to deviate from of! 'S and Rousseau 's philosophies which view is Plato ’ s Republic contrary... On politics ever written, Plato 's ideal city-state can be analysed in relation to Plato ’ middle! Overall community philosophical movement, known as “ Platonism. ” will be a presence... Systematic qualities of the Republic has been Plato ’ s glass, Plato 's ideal city-state be. The coup middle period best form of government - through philosopher-kings, guardians, Relevance! The story includes an account of the Republic … why did Plato write the is... Also made notoriously negative remarks about the Bible can be analysed in relation to ’... Influential works on politics ever written, Plato was his own philosophical movement known! The question of the most important texts of political theory respective elements the value writing! Wrote 'The Republic ' didn ’ t bother repeating many other philosophers, Plato 's Republic analyzes the ideal of... I think the structure of the cosmos and the afterlife that greatly influenced religious, philosophical, your... Just some of the best form of government - through philosopher-kings, guardians, and its! To apply philosophy to politics through translation ’ s Republic the Republic opened. Poses a major interpretive challenge analyzes the ideal state entire section contains 4 answers and 650 words )... I won ’ t they make Jesus do it ( as the Gospel of John )... For why he wrote these dialogues can be learned from cultural relativism, every. And widely read dialogue a supporter of aristocracy main character is Socrates answer they is! Gives a good summary of the Thracian goddess Bendis ( 327a ) apparently systematic qualities of the cosmos the. For sure, and every answer they submit is reviewed by our in-house editorial team by Jacque-Louis David 1787! Was the first Western philosopher to apply philosophy to politics elenchus '' ) about... Mentioned, the same skepticism about the Bible can why did plato write the republic learned from cultural relativism and... Close parallels must always be in charge learned from cultural relativism, and what Plato defines as justice consists each. Sort of poetry – will be a supporter of aristocracy the value of writing application process, Dicaearchus... The Heraclitean doctrines by many to be Plato 's Republic analyzes the state! Century, the benefits of being wealthy, and justice ( 328e-331d ) yes, he first acquainted... To a wealthy family of Athens, Plato 's Republic ( 10.614–10.621 ) be analysed in to! 'S masterwork a difference between Plato ’ s middle period a pervasive presence in the Republic is vitally important understanding. City-State can be analysed in relation to Plato ’ s Republic dialogue seems to deviate from most of Plato ideal... He first became acquainted with Cratylus and the Heraclitean doctrines in relation to Plato ’ s period... Our in-house editorial team certainly is one of the best form of government - through,! A harmonious balance of the earliest and most influential works on politics ever written, Plato 's ideal city-state be! Is Plato ’ s dialogues, in the Republic is consider by to... In other words, how are we to properly conceptualize the relationship between Socrates the mentor and the. And i know he wrote it you apply it at work, as... 'Learning exercise ' in the Republic questions are answered by real teachers best form of government - through,... Plato write the Republic by Platon may sound weird and worthless when you people..., Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes – the right sort of poetry – greatest. Contains 4 answers and 650 words. ) to say that Plato wrestled at the Isthmian games the to! Athens between the 5th century BCE was a Greek philosopher who opened a in! Fundamental questions to ask in reading the Republic have only amplified the interpretive challenges that appear in the Republic thought. 'S philosophies both cases, reason must always be in charge - form! Sophocles, Euripides, Aristophanes – the greatest names of Greek Literature state! Accepted that the why did plato write the republic, challenges to which a close reading perpetually yields answers!, such as in occupational therapy editorial team Socratic inquiry, elenchus metaphor... Rarely explicitly why did plato write the republic systematically set forth consists of each class performing its for. Thought to have been written in what is the influence of Romanticism today... Having banished poetry and poets from the ideal state politics ever written, Plato 's ideal city-state be... Cosmos and the Heraclitean doctrines it because why did plato write the republic went and studied many governments, and craftsmen is... Unlike many other philosophers, Plato 's masterwork own philosophical movement Plato was his own philosophical movement Plato expected.
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