Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata Thunberg) Russian Olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia L.) Description Autumn olive is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the Oleaster family. General description of autumn olive. The upper surface of the leaves is dark green to grayish-green in color, while the lower surface is covered with silvery white scales. Autumn olive is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the Oleaster family (Elaeagnaceae) that grows to approximately 20 feet in height. Stems The underside is covered with silver-white scales. Description Height Autumn olive grows to a height of 20 feet (6 m). Leaves are alternate, oval to lanceolate, and untoothed. Russet I found no pleasure in the silent trees, the falling fir-cones, the congealed relics of autumn, russet leaves, swept by past winds in heaps, and now stiffened together. It has alternate oval leaves with silvery undersides. Flowers The top side is a dark green, semi-shiny. Leaves have smooth edges (margins). The underside of the dark green leaf is covered with silver-white scales. Autumn olive is a great edible wild berry for jam, because it’s nice and tart. Habitat of the herb: Thickets and thin woods in the lowland and hills. Because autumn olive is capable of fixing nitrogen in its roots, it can grow on bare mineral substrates. DESCRIPTION: Autumn-olive and Russian-olive are deciduous shrubs or small trees that grow to a height of 30 feet. Description Autumn olive is a large deciduous shrub that can grow up to 20 feet tall. You can use this federal website for a full description. List of various diseases cured by Autumn Olive. Leaves are dark green, alternate, Autumn olive is an introduced, fast-growing woody shrub in the Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster) family. Used extensively for wildlife habitat, strip mine revegetation, and shelter belts, autumn olive thrives in disturbed areas open to full sun. Mature shrubs produce dense clusters of bright red berries. The underside of the dark green leaf is covered with silver-white scales. A common description of the color is brownish gray to dark olive brown. This Autumn Olive is a small tree that can grow up to 20 feet tall with roots that can fix elemental Nitrogen in the soil and enriches the clay or sand loam where it grows. And also because the boiling process kills the seeds, preventing propagation of this invasive plant. The species is indigenous to eastern Asia and ranges from the Himalayas eastwards to Japan.It is a hardy, aggressive invasive species able to readily colonize barren land, becoming a troublesome plant in the central and northeastern United States and Europe. Chris Evans, University of Illinois, Bugwood.orgPennsylvania Department of Conservation and Natural Resources – Forestry , Bugwood.org Leslie J. Mehrhoff, University of Connecticut, Bugwood.org The small, light yellow flowers are borne… Description: Autumn olive is a medium to large deciduous shrub. Description: Autumn olive is a small tree (or large shrub), growing 4-10 meters tall. Height: 4.5 m (15 feet) Flowering: May to June. Sometimes there are a few thorns on the twigs. is a large multi-stemmed shrub, reaching 181 in md 25' in spread, with individual stems exceeding 8t in diameter in Illinois under ideal site conditions. Leaves are … The fruit is juicy and edible and they have a lot of lycopene in them. Mature leaves have a dense covering of lustrous silvery scales on the lower surface. How Autumn Olive is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Description: The flowers are so fragrant. This means it is known to persist in native plant communities and displace native plant species and can threaten natural ecosystems and alter habitats. Description. Autumn-olive is a many-branched, deciduous shrub or shrubby tree, growing 10 to16 feet (3-5 m) tall [5,14,18,19,46,77]. Description and Biology Native to Asia, Eleagnus umbellata goes by the common names of autumn olive and, more generously, “autumn berry”. They are glabrous, dark green above, conspicuously silvery beneath. It can reach 12-15 feet in height. Leaves are alternate, oval to lanceolate, and untoothed. Leuven, Belgium: International Society for Horticultural Science. Juicy and pleasantly acid, they are tasty raw and can also be made into jams, preserves etc. Leaves are dark green, alternate, oval to lanceolate, and untoothed. Description: Autumn olive is a medium to large, multistemmed shrub, often reaching heights of 20 feet. Elaeagnus umbellata is known as Japanese silverberry, umbellata oleaster, autumn olive, autumn elaeagnus, or spreading oleaster. The plant may grow to a height of 20 feet. The plant may grow to a height of 20 feet. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Autumn Olive. The berries are ripe now. Leaf Description: Leaves are about 2-3 inches (6-7 cm) long. Autumn olive is a large deciduous shrub that can grow to a height of 15 ft, and a width of 20 ft. Its dull green leaves are oval, or lance-shaped, with entire, wavy margins and silvery undersides. Autumn Olive is a particularly invasive species and is listed as a category 1 weed by the U.S. Forest Service for the Southern Region. The leaves are lanceolate, shiny green on the top with a silvery, powdery underside. Description. Below is a description I previously prepared for Russian olive. Edible parts of Autumn Olive: Fruit - raw or cooked. Names of Autumn Olive in various languages of the world are also given. If you already know what group your plant is in, start with the clickable plant map to find your plant more quickly. The upper surface of leaves is dark green to Autumn Olive Genus/species: Elaeagnus umbellate, angustifolia Description: Autumn Olive is a large deciduous shrub that can grow to 20 feet and 30 feet wide. The fields are full of this (mostly) escaped silvery leaved shrub. Its leaves are alternate, oval to lanceolate, untoothed and grow to 1-3 inches in length. The Autumn olive plant is prolific and has the ability to thrive in poor soil, pastures, riverbanks, meadows, open woods, and even along roadsides. Scent: Scented Shrub. The leaves, borne alternately on the stems, are generally oval in shape, approximately 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cm) long, and lack teeth. 626, pp. View Map Description of the plant: Plant: Deciduous Shrub. Autumn Olive/Russian Olive Elaeagnus umbellata Oleaster Family (Elaeagnaceae) Description: Autumn olive is a small, spiny deciduous shrub‐like tree capable of reaching 20 feet in height. Autumn olive shrub at field edge, loaded with berries. Autumn olive flowers in the early summer. Its growth habit is bushy with a spreading crown. Autumn olive is a medium to large shrub, often reaching heights of 20 feet. ), XXVI International Horticultural Congress: Berry Crop Breeding, Production and Utilization for a New Century (Acta Horticulturae No. Identifying characteristics include small 1 to 3 inches, oval leaves that are alternately arranged and lance-shaped with a smooth edge. Ecological Threat It threatens native ecosystems by out-competing and displacing native plant species, creating dense shade and interfering with natural plant succession and nutrient cycling. Autumn Olive Elaeagnus umbellata Oleaster family (Elaeagnaceae) Description: This is a woody shrub about 10-20' tall that branches frequently; it is usually a little taller than wide. Control: One way to control Autumn Olive is by mechanically pulling the plant from the ground before fruiting. autumn olive oleaster This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in … Description. The elliptical leaves are greyish-green with scales on the bottom. Autumn olive is an invasive shrub from East Asia. Autumn-olive leaves are small, oval, smooth-margined and dark green. 429-431). Photos and descriptions of autumn-olive are also available online at the Invasive.org and Invasive Plant Atlas of New England websites. DESCRIPTION . Leaves Deciduous leaves are alternate, short-petioled, elliptic to ovate, and oblong. The berries are about 6-7mm in diameter, bright red with speckles on them, growing in groups. The longer leaves and red fruit with tiny speckles, are easy to spot. Twigs The silvery or golden brown twigs often have prominent spines. Autumn Olive drupes, the stems being still attached is a sign of not being quite ripe, even though the fruit is red. Autumn Olive (Elaeagnus umbellata Thunberg) Description Autumn olive is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the Oleaster family. Originally introduced to North America to help control erosion, the plant quickly spread and has become an invasive species in specific regions of the United States. The central trunk on mature shrubs (if any) is short; it has gray bark that is split and furrowed. In this area, “Autumn-olive is a many-branched, deciduous shrub or shrubby tree, growing 10 to16 feet (3-5 meters) tall." The leaves, borne alternately on the stems, are generally oval, 1–3 inches long, wavy, and lack teeth. The leaves, borne alternately on the stems, are generally oval in shape, approximately 1-3 inches (2.5-7.5 cm) long, and lack teeth. Elaeagnus umbellata usually grows as a shrub with a widely spreading crown. Description: Autumn Olive can grow up to 20 feet tall and 30 feet wide. Control of autumn olive and Russian olive is similar. Stems, buds, and leaves have a dense covering of silvery to rusty scales. The stems are a brown with speckles, and often have thorns, especially at a young age. The plant freely develops basal sprouts, The underside is a silver-white. Shortcut to Groups. Physical and thermal means of controlling Russian olive such as cutting, mowing, or burning have been found to be ineffective and sometimes exacerbate the problem. DESCRIPTION Autumn Olive Elaeaqnus umbellata Thunb.) Autumn olive: a potential alternative crop In: J. Maas (Ed. Autumn Olive: Elaeagnus umbellata Native Origin: Introduced to the United States from East Asia in the 1830's Description: Autumn olive is a deciduous shrub or small tree in the Oleaster family (Elaeagnaceae) that grows to approximately 20 feet in height. 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