15世紀 加那利群島 (1402年–1496年) ( 英语 : Conquest of the Canary Islands ) 畿內亞 (1478年) ( 英语 : Battle of Guinea ) 摩洛哥 (1497年) 16世紀 瓦赫蘭 (1509年) ( 英语 : Spanish conquest of Oran (1509) ) 的黎波里 (1510年) 波多黎各 (1511年–1529年) ( 英语 : Spanish–Taíno War of San Juan–Borikén ) Nicaragua (Spanish: República de Nicaragua, IPA [re'puβlika ðe nika'raɰwa]) is a democratic republic in Central America. Racially, Nicaragua has always been an overwhelmingly Indian and Mestizo country, with a mere aristocratic sprinkling of European blood, mostly Spanish and German. In addition, a number of Blacks were settled by England in the eastern lowlands of the so-called Mosquito Coast. Hugh Thomas’s definitive history of the invasion of Mexico, now called simply Conquest, is 20 years old, but his monumental history of the Spanish monarchy is much more recent, and … It was first used in 1513 by Pedrarias Dávila , a Spanish explorer who had fought the Moors in Granada and who was later to become Governor of Nicaragua . The Muisca were the inhabitants of the central Andean highlands of Colombia before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors.They were organised in a loose confederation of different rulers; the zipa of Bacatá, with his headquarters in Funza, the zaque of Boyacá, … It was not until 1522, however, that a formal military expedition, under Gil González Dávila, led to the Spanish conquest of Nicaraguan territory. The Conquest of the Maya The conquest of the Maya was led by Pedro de Alvarado, one of the top lieutenants of Hernán Cortés, and a veteran of the conquest of Mexico.Alvarado led fewer than 500 Spanish and a number of native Mexican allies into the region. Pedro Arias Davila, also known as Pedrarias, was a Spanish soldier who led the first Spanish mission to form permanent colonies in the American mainland. 1523-24 - Francisco Hernandez de Cordoba completes conquest of Nicaragua. Spanish conquest of Guatemala is similar to these military conflicts: Spanish conquest of Petén, Spanish conquest of Honduras, Spanish conquest of El Salvador and more. From Hispaniola, the Spanish launched expeditions and campaigns of conquest, reaching Puerto Rico in 1508, Jamaica in 1509, Cuba in 1511, and Florida in 1513. No one knew what lay along the southern coast, which because of contrary winds was very difficult to navigate; the coastal climate was hostile, and … History of Latin America - History of Latin America - Conquest of Peru: The Spanish thrust toward Peru through Panama was diverted for some years by the attractions of nearby Nicaragua. He sent some of his men on conquest expeditions to what is now Costa Rica and Nicaragua. During the Sandinista War in the early 1980's, much of the country's infrastructure was damaged or … highlands region. In addition, a number of Blacks were settled by England in the eastern lowlands of the so-called Mosquito Coast. There are multiple 16th-century narratives of the events by Spanish conquerors , their indigenous allies, and the defeated Aztecs . The Spanish conquest of the Muisca took place from 1537 to 1540. He was the emperor of … The Spanish conquest of Yucatán, the Spanish conquest of Guatemala, the war of Mexico's west, and the Chichimeca War in northern Mexico expanded Spanish control over territory and indigenous … The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire was one of the most significant events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas, as well as world history.Although the conquest of central Mexico was not the conquest of all regions in what is modern Mexico, the conquest of the Aztecs is the most significant overall. The Spanish conquest Rodrigo de Bastidas was first to establish Spain’s claim to the isthmus, sailing along the Darién coast in March 1501, but he made no settlement. Before European contact in the early 16th century, Nicargu 4.1 Nicaragua: multiethnic and pluricultural state 14 4.2 The historic roots of differences, discrimination, and racism 14 4.2.1 Spanish Conquest and its repercussions in Indigenous cultures of the Pacific, Central and North 16 4.2.2 English colonization in A Spanish Census about three decades after the conquest showed only 11,137 Native Americans left in the country’s heartland of western Nicaragua (1548). It is the largest nation in the isthmus, but also the least densely populated with a demographic similar in size to its smaller neighbours. A year later Christopher Columbus, on his fourth voyage, sailed along the Caribbean coast from the Bay of Honduras to Panama, accumulating … A short time later, Juan de la Cosa, another Spanish explorer, landed on what is today called Cabo de la Vela (Cape of Sails) in the Guajira Peninsula. Aztec ruler from 1502 to 1520. Racially, Nicaragua has always been an overwhelmingly Indian and Mestizo country, with a mere aristocratic sprinkling of European blood, mostly Spanish and German. 17th-18th centuries - British plunder and extend their influence over the inhabitants of Nicaragua's Caribbean coast. The Spanish Conquest Nicaragua's Caribbean coast was first seen by Spanish explorers in 1508. Roman Catholicism came to Nicaragua in the sixteenth century with the Spanish conquest and remained until 1939 the established faith. Maya and Alejandro, two twins with a time machine, leave present day California for Nicaragua in the years 1523-24. The Spanish conquest of Chiapasnb 1 was the campaign undertaken by the Spanish conquistadores against the Late Postclassic Mesoamerican polities in the territory that is now incorporated into the modern Mexican state of Chiapas. A short time later, Juan de la Cosa, another Spanish explorer, landed on what is today called Cabo de la … Dictatorship 5. The Spanish conquest of Guatemala was a conflict that formed a part of the Spanish colonization of the Americas within the territory of what became the modern country of Guatemala in Central America. The country is bordered on the north by Honduras and on the … González launched an The region is physically diverse, featuring a number of highland areas, including the Sierra … Spanish conquest The territory was first sighted by Spanish explorer Alonso de Ojeda in 1499, though he never landed. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. There is a lot of material of all kinds on conquest of North America about everything related to the Anglo-Saxon, Dutch and French conquest. Protestantism and other Christian sects came to Nicaragua during the nineteenth century, but only during the twentieth century have Protestant denominations gained large … Before the conquest, this territory contained a number of competing Mesoamerican kingdoms, the majority of which … But the feat was not only their exploration, conquest and colonization, but to keep these vast territories under Spanish sovereignty and defend them against native and European incursions. The Spanish conquest of Yucatán was the campaign undertaken by the Spanish conquistadores against the Late Postclassic Maya states and polities, particularly in the northern and central Yucatán Peninsula but also involving the Maya polities of the Guatemalan highlands region. Most of the country was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. The Spanish conquest of Nicaragua was the campaign undertaken by the Spanish conquistadores against the natives of the territory now incorporated into the modern Central American republic of Nicaragua during the colonisation of the Americas. THE SPANISH CONQUEST The Pre-Columbian Era Long before the arrival of the first Spanish explorers, Indian groups had settled in the area of present-day Colombia. The Spanish heard rumours of the rich empire of the Aztecs on the mainland to the west of their Caribbean island settlements and, in 1519, Hernán Cortés set sail to … Spanish conquest The territory was first sighted by Spanish explorer Alonso de Ojeda in 1499, though he never landed. After the Spanish conquest in the 16th century, most of the inhabitants of … Naming the Country The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, also known as the Conquest of Mexico (1519–21), was one of the primary events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Before the Spanish conquest in the early 1520s, Nicaragua was inhabited by numerous competing indigenous groups that probably originally came from both the North and the South. Conquest 3. Start studying Spanish Conquest of the Americas and Source Analysis. Central America is composed of seven independent nations: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Nicaragua's economy has historically been based on the export of cash crops such as bananas, coffee and tobacco.Nicaragua's rum is renowned as among the best in Latin America, and its tobacco and beef are also well regarded. So much has been written about the Spanish conquest of Latin America that it has become difficult to find new approaches to the topic. Honduras (1525-38) The Maya dominated western Honduras, but … 詹金斯的耳朵戰爭(英語:War of Jenkins' Ear),西班牙称阿西恩托战争(西班牙語:Guerra del Asiento,“阿西恩托”意为进口黑人许可证),是大不列顛與西班牙之間一場發生於1739年至1748年的軍事衝突。後來自1742年起,有關戰爭成為奧地利王位繼承戰爭的一部分。 The Spanish diaspora consists of Spanish people and their descendants who emigrated from Spain.The diaspora is concentrated in places that were part of the Spanish Empire.Countries such as Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua… Among them were the Niquiranos, the Nicarao (also known as the Nahual or Nagual), the Chorotega, the Chontales (or Mames), the Miskito, the … Independance 4. The document was prepared by the Spanish jurist Juan López Palacios Rubio, a staunch advocate of the divine right of monarchs and territorial conquest. Somoza Family Today's Lesson Plan 1522-Spanish explorer Gil Gonzalez de Avila names Nicaragua after a local Indian chief, Nicarao. 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